North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database (NPPSD)

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center Marine Ecosystems Program
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Publication_Time: 2015
Title: North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database (NPPSD)
Edition: 2.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Online_Linkage: https://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7WQ01T3
Description:
Abstract:
The North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database (NPPSD) was created in 2005 to consolidate data on the oceanic distribution of marine bird species in the North Pacific. Most of these data were collected on surveys by counting species within defined areas and at known locations (that is, on strip transects). The NPPSD also contains observations of other bird species and marine mammals. The original NPPSD combined data from 465 surveys conducted between 1973 and 2002, primarily in waters adjacent to Alaska. These surveys included 61,195 sample transects with location, environment, and metadata information, and the data were organized in a flat-file format. In developing NPPSD 2.0, our goals were to add new datasets, to make significant improvements to database functionality and to provide the database online. NPPSD 2.0 includes data from a broader geographic range within the North Pacific, including new observations made offshore of the Russian Federation, Japan, Korea, British Columbia (Canada), Oregon, and California. These data were imported into a relational database, proofed, and structured in a common format. NPPSD 2.0 contains 351,674 samples (transects) collected between 1973 and 2012, representing a total sampled area of 270,259 square kilometers, and extends the time series of samples in some areas—notably the Bering Sea—to four decades. It contains observations of 16,988,138 birds and 235,545 marine mammals and is available from https://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7WQ01T3. Supplementary materials include an updated set of standardized taxonomic codes, reference maps that show the spatial and temporal distribution of the survey efforts and a query tool.
Purpose:
To provide data on presence/absence, total numbers and densities, spatial and temporal distribution of seabirds and marine mammals across the North Pacific.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19730627
Ending_Date: 20121025
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Irregular
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
North Pacific, Gulf of Alaska, Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, Beaufort Sea, Arctic Ocean, Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 129.166667
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -104.968399
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 88.453743
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Marine Bird
Theme_Keyword: Marine Mammal
Theme_Keyword: Seabird
Theme_Keyword: Sea Ducks
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO
Theme_Keyword: biota
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North Pacific
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Canada
Place_Keyword: Bering Sea
Place_Keyword: Chukchi Sea
Place_Keyword: Beaufort Sea
Place_Keyword: Arctic Ocean
Place_Keyword: Sea of Japan
Place_Keyword: Sea of Okhotsk
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: Behaviour
Stratum_Keyword: Year
Stratum_Keyword: Month
Stratum_Keyword: Transect
Stratum_Keyword: Species
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Temporal_Keyword: 1973-2012
Temporal_Keyword: Month
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: marine mammals
Taxonomic_Keywords: seabirds
Taxonomic_Keywords: sea ducks
Taxonomic_Keywords: multiple species
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Taxonomic_Procedures:
All taxonomic classifications are based on standards published by ITIS and available at their web site.
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Applicable_Common_Name: animals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subkingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bilateria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infrakingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Deuterostomia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Applicable_Common_Name: cords
Applicable_Common_Name: cordado
Applicable_Common_Name: chordates
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Applicable_Common_Name: vertebrado
Applicable_Common_Name: vertebrates
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gnathostomata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tetrapoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aves
Applicable_Common_Name: Birds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gaviiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Loons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gaviidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Loons
Applicable_Common_Name: Divers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia
Applicable_Common_Name: Loons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia immer
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Northern Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Northern Diver
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia adamsii
Applicable_Common_Name: Yellow-billed Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: White-billed Diver
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia arctica
Applicable_Common_Name: Arctic Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-throated Loon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia stellata
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-throated Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-throated Diver
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia pacifica
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Diver
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podicipediformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Grebes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podicipedidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Grebes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podiceps
Applicable_Common_Name: Typical Grebes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podiceps grisegena
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-necked Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podiceps auritus
Applicable_Common_Name: Zambullidor cornudo
Applicable_Common_Name: Horned Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podiceps nigricollis
Applicable_Common_Name: Eared Grebe
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-necked Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aechmophorus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aechmophorus occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aechmophorus clarkii
Applicable_Common_Name: Clark's Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procellariiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Tube-nosed Swimmers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Diomedeidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Albatrosses
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoebastria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoebastria albatrus
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-tailed Albatross
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoebastria immutabilis
Applicable_Common_Name: Laysan Albatross
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoebastria nigripes
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-footed Albatross
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procellariidae
Applicable_Common_Name: fulmars
Applicable_Common_Name: Fulmars
Applicable_Common_Name: Petrels
Applicable_Common_Name: Shearwaters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fulmarus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fulmarus glacialis
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Fulmar
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus creatopus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pink-footed Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus carneipes
Applicable_Common_Name: Flesh-footed Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus pacificus
Applicable_Common_Name: Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus bulleri
Applicable_Common_Name: Buller's Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus griseus
Applicable_Common_Name: Sooty Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus tenuirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-tailed Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus puffinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Manx Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus auricularis
Applicable_Common_Name: Newell's Townsend's Shearwater
Applicable_Common_Name: Townsend's Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus lherminieri
Applicable_Common_Name: Audubon's Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus nativitatis
Applicable_Common_Name: Christmas Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus opisthomelas
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-vented Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma inexpectata
Applicable_Common_Name: Mottled Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma arminjoniana
Applicable_Common_Name: Herald Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Trindade Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma neglecta
Applicable_Common_Name: Kermadec Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma externa
Applicable_Common_Name: Juan Fernandez Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma alba
Applicable_Common_Name: Phoenix Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma hypoleuca
Applicable_Common_Name: Bonin Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma nigripennis
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-winged Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma solandri
Applicable_Common_Name: Providence Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma longirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Stejneger's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma leucoptera
Applicable_Common_Name: Gould's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma ultima
Applicable_Common_Name: Murphy's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma cervicalis
Applicable_Common_Name: White-necked Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma cookii
Applicable_Common_Name: Cook's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma pycrofti
Applicable_Common_Name: Pycroft's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma sandwichensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Hawaiian Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Hawaiian Dark-rumped Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procellaria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procellaria parkinsoni
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Parkinson's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bulweria
Applicable_Common_Name: Bulwer's Petrels
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bulweria bulwerii
Applicable_Common_Name: Bulwer's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calonectris
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calonectris leucomelas
Applicable_Common_Name: Streaked Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydrobatidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Storm Petrels
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanitinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanites
Applicable_Common_Name: Wilson's Storm-Petrels
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanites oceanicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Wilson's Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Wilson's Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydrobatinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma
Applicable_Common_Name: Dark Storm Petrels
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma furcata
Applicable_Common_Name: Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Fork-tailed Storm Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Applicable_Common_Name: Leach's Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Leach's Storm Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma homochroa
Applicable_Common_Name: Ashy Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Ashy Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma castro
Applicable_Common_Name: Band-rumped Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Band-rumped Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma tethys
Applicable_Common_Name: Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Wedge-rumped Storm Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma melania
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma tristrami
Applicable_Common_Name: Sooty Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Tristram's Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Tristram's Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma monorhis
Applicable_Common_Name: Swinhoe's Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Swinhoe's Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma microsoma
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Storm Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecaniformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Pelicans
Applicable_Common_Name: Ibises
Applicable_Common_Name: ibis
Applicable_Common_Name: Herons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecanidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Pelicans
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pelicans
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Applicable_Common_Name: American White Pelican
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecanus occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Brown Pelican
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardeidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Bitterns
Applicable_Common_Name: Egrets
Applicable_Common_Name: Herons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardeinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardea
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Herons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardea herodias
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Blue Heron
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardea alba
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Egret
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Butorides
Applicable_Common_Name: Green-backed Herons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Butorides virescens
Applicable_Common_Name: Green Heron
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Egretta
Applicable_Common_Name: Plumed Egrets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Egretta thula
Applicable_Common_Name: Snowy Egret
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Threskiornithidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Ibises
Applicable_Common_Name: Spoonbills
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Threskiornithinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Plegadis
Applicable_Common_Name: Glossy Ibises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anseriformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Ducks
Applicable_Common_Name: Geese
Applicable_Common_Name: Screamers
Applicable_Common_Name: Swans
Applicable_Common_Name: Waterfowl
Applicable_Common_Name: canards
Applicable_Common_Name: cygnes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anatidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Ducks
Applicable_Common_Name: Geese
Applicable_Common_Name: Swans
Applicable_Common_Name: canards
Applicable_Common_Name: cygnes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anserinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cygnus
Applicable_Common_Name: Swans
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cygnus olor
Applicable_Common_Name: Mute Swan
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cygnus columbianus
Applicable_Common_Name: Tundra Swan
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cygnus buccinator
Applicable_Common_Name: Trumpeter Swan
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta
Applicable_Common_Name: Brent Geese
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta canadensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Canada Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta bernicla
Applicable_Common_Name: Brant Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: Brent Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: Brant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta hutchinsii
Applicable_Common_Name: Cackling Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anser
Applicable_Common_Name: Bean Geese
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anser albifrons
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater White-fronted Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chen
Applicable_Common_Name: Snow Geese
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chen caerulescens
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: Snow Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chen canagica
Applicable_Common_Name: Emperor Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anatinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas
Applicable_Common_Name: Dabbling Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas platyrhynchos
Applicable_Common_Name: Mallard
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas rubripes
Applicable_Common_Name: American Black Duck
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas strepera
Applicable_Common_Name: Gadwall
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas acuta
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Pintail
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas crecca
Applicable_Common_Name: Eurasian Teal
Applicable_Common_Name: Green-winged Teal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas discors
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue-winged Teal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas querquedula
Applicable_Common_Name: Garganey
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas americana
Applicable_Common_Name: American Wigeon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas clypeata
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Shoveler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aix
Applicable_Common_Name: Wood Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aix sponsa
Applicable_Common_Name: Wood Duck
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya
Applicable_Common_Name: Diving Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya americana
Applicable_Common_Name: Redhead
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya valisineria
Applicable_Common_Name: Canvasback
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya marila
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Scaup
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya affinis
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Scaup
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bucephala
Applicable_Common_Name: Goldeneyes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bucephala clangula
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Goldeneye
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bucephala islandica
Applicable_Common_Name: Barrow's Goldeneye
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bucephala albeola
Applicable_Common_Name: Bufflehead
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clangula
Applicable_Common_Name: Oldsquaws
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clangula hyemalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-tailed Duck
Applicable_Common_Name: Oldsquaw
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Histrionicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Harlequin Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Histrionicus histrionicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Harlequin Duck
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polysticta
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's Eiders
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polysticta stelleri
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's Eider
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Somateria
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Eiders
Applicable_Common_Name: Typical Eiders
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Somateria mollissima
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Eider
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Somateria spectabilis
Applicable_Common_Name: King Eider
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Somateria fischeri
Applicable_Common_Name: Spectacled Eider
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanitta
Applicable_Common_Name: Scoters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanitta fusca
Applicable_Common_Name: Velvet Scoter
Applicable_Common_Name: White-winged Scoter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanitta perspicillata
Applicable_Common_Name: Surf Scoter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanitta nigra
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Scoter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oxyura
Applicable_Common_Name: Stiff-tailed Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oxyura jamaicensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Ruddy Duck
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lophodytes
Applicable_Common_Name: Hooded Mergansers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lophodytes cucullatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Hooded Merganser
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mergus
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Mergansers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mergus merganser
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Merganser
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mergus serrator
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-breasted Merganser
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falconiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Falcons
Applicable_Common_Name: Falconiforms
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falconidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Caracaras
Applicable_Common_Name: Falcons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falconinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco
Applicable_Common_Name: Falcons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco rusticolus
Applicable_Common_Name: Gyrfalcon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco peregrinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Peregrine Falcon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco columbarius
Applicable_Common_Name: Merlin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gruiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Cranes
Applicable_Common_Name: Rails
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gruidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Cranes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gruinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Grus
Applicable_Common_Name: Cranes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Grus canadensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Sandhill Crane
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rallidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Coots
Applicable_Common_Name: Rails
Applicable_Common_Name: Waterhens
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fulica
Applicable_Common_Name: Coots
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fulica americana
Applicable_Common_Name: American Coot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadriiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Shore Birds
Applicable_Common_Name: Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Alcids
Applicable_Common_Name: Plovers
Applicable_Common_Name: Oystercatchers
Applicable_Common_Name: Auks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haematopodidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Oystercatchers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haematopus
Applicable_Common_Name: Oystercatchers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haematopus bachmani
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Oystercatcher
Applicable_Common_Name: American Black Oystercatcher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadriidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Plovers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius
Applicable_Common_Name: Ringed Plovers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius semipalmatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Semipalmated Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius alexandrinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Snowy Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Kentish Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius mongolus
Applicable_Common_Name: Mongolian Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Sand-Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Sand Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pluvialis
Applicable_Common_Name: Golden-Plovers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pluvialis dominica
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Golden-Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: American Golden-Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: American Golden Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pluvialis squatarola
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-bellied Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Grey Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pluvialis fulva
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Golden-Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Golden Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Scolopacidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Sandpipers
Applicable_Common_Name: Snipes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arenaria
Applicable_Common_Name: Turnstones
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arenaria interpres
Applicable_Common_Name: Ruddy Turnstone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arenaria melanocephala
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Turnstone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Numenius
Applicable_Common_Name: Curlews
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Numenius americanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-billed Curlew
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Numenius phaeopus
Applicable_Common_Name: Whimbrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bartramia
Applicable_Common_Name: Upland Sandpipers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bartramia longicauda
Applicable_Common_Name: Upland Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actitis
Applicable_Common_Name: Spotted Sandpipers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actitis macularius
Applicable_Common_Name: Spotted Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa
Applicable_Common_Name: Redshanks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa solitaria
Applicable_Common_Name: Solitary Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa glareola
Applicable_Common_Name: Wood Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa melanoleuca
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Yellowlegs
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa flavipes
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Yellowlegs
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa incana
Applicable_Common_Name: Wandering Tattler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa semipalmata
Applicable_Common_Name: Willet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris
Applicable_Common_Name: Stints
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris canutus
Applicable_Common_Name: Red Knot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris ptilocnemis
Applicable_Common_Name: Rock Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris acuminata
Applicable_Common_Name: Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris melanotos
Applicable_Common_Name: Pectoral Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris fuscicollis
Applicable_Common_Name: White-rumped Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris bairdii
Applicable_Common_Name: Baird's Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris minutilla
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris alpina
Applicable_Common_Name: Dunlin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris pusilla
Applicable_Common_Name: Semipalmated Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris mauri
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris alba
Applicable_Common_Name: Sanderling
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris himantopus
Applicable_Common_Name: Stilt Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aphriza
Applicable_Common_Name: Surfbirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aphriza virgata
Applicable_Common_Name: Surfbird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limnodromus
Applicable_Common_Name: Dowitchers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limnodromus griseus
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-billed Dowitcher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limnodromus scolopaceus
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-billed Dowitcher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tryngites
Applicable_Common_Name: Buff-breasted Sandpipers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tryngites subruficollis
Applicable_Common_Name: Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limosa
Applicable_Common_Name: Godwits
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limosa fedoa
Applicable_Common_Name: Marbled Godwit
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limosa lapponica
Applicable_Common_Name: Bar-tailed Godwit
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gallinago
Applicable_Common_Name: Snipes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gallinago gallinago
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Snipe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gallinago delicata
Applicable_Common_Name: Wilson's Snipe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalaropus
Applicable_Common_Name: Phalaropes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalaropus fulicarius
Applicable_Common_Name: Red Phalarope
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalaropus lobatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-necked Phalarope
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorariidae
Applicable_Common_Name: sternes
Applicable_Common_Name: Skuas
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius
Applicable_Common_Name: Jaegers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius pomarinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pomarine Jaeger
Applicable_Common_Name: Pomarine Skua
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius parasiticus
Applicable_Common_Name: Parasitic Jaeger
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius longicaudus
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-tailed Jaeger
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius maccormicki
Applicable_Common_Name: South Polar Skua
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Laridae
Applicable_Common_Name: Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Terns
Applicable_Common_Name: Skimmers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus
Applicable_Common_Name: Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Ivory Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Kittiwakes
Applicable_Common_Name: Ross' Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Sabine's Gulls
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus hyperboreus
Applicable_Common_Name: Glaucous Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus glaucoides
Applicable_Common_Name: Iceland Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus glaucescens
Applicable_Common_Name: Glaucous-winged Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus marinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Black-backed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus schistisagus
Applicable_Common_Name: Slaty-backed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus argentatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Herring Gull
Applicable_Common_Name: European Herring Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus thayeri
Applicable_Common_Name: Thayer's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus californicus
Applicable_Common_Name: California Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus delawarensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Ring-billed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus crassirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-tailed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus canus
Applicable_Common_Name: Mew Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus heermanni
Applicable_Common_Name: Heermann's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus dominicanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Kelp Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhodostethia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhodostethia rosea
Applicable_Common_Name: Ross's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Xema
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Xema sabini
Applicable_Common_Name: Sabine's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rissa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rissa brevirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-legged Kittiwake
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rissa tridactyla
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-legged Kittiwake
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pagophila
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pagophila eburnea
Applicable_Common_Name: Ivory Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna
Applicable_Common_Name: Typical Terns
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna trudeaui
Applicable_Common_Name: Snowy-crowned Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna forsteri
Applicable_Common_Name: Forster's Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna hirundo
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna paradisaea
Applicable_Common_Name: Arctic Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thalasseus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thalasseus elegans
Applicable_Common_Name: Elegant Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thalasseus maximus
Applicable_Common_Name: Royal Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydroprogne
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydroprogne caspia
Applicable_Common_Name: Caspian Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anous
Applicable_Common_Name: Noddys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anous stolidus
Applicable_Common_Name: Brown Noddy
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anous minutus
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Noddy
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procelsterna
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue-gray Noddys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procelsterna cerulea
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue-gray Noddy
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue Noddy
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gygis
Applicable_Common_Name: White Terns
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gygis alba
Applicable_Common_Name: White Tern
Applicable_Common_Name: Angel Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chlidonias
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Terns
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chlidonias niger
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rynchops
Applicable_Common_Name: Skimmers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chroicocephalus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Applicable_Common_Name: Bonaparte's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Black-headed Gull
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-headed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Leucophaeus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Leucophaeus atricilla
Applicable_Common_Name: Laughing Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Leucophaeus pipixcan
Applicable_Common_Name: Franklin's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Onychoprion
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Onychoprion aleuticus
Applicable_Common_Name: Aleutian Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Onychoprion fuscatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Sooty Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Onychoprion lunatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Spectacled Tern
Applicable_Common_Name: Gray-backed Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sternula
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sternula antillarum
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alcidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Murres
Applicable_Common_Name: Auks
Applicable_Common_Name: Guillemots
Applicable_Common_Name: Murrelets
Applicable_Common_Name: Puffins
Applicable_Common_Name: guillemots
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Uria
Applicable_Common_Name: Murres
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Uria aalge
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Murre
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Uria lomvia
Applicable_Common_Name: Thick-billed Murre
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alle
Applicable_Common_Name: Dovekies
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alle alle
Applicable_Common_Name: Dovekie
Applicable_Common_Name: Little Auk
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cepphus
Applicable_Common_Name: Guillemots
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cepphus grylle
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Guillemot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cepphus columba
Applicable_Common_Name: Pigeon Guillemot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cepphus carbo
Applicable_Common_Name: Spectacled Guillemot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Brachyramphus
Applicable_Common_Name: Marbled Murrelets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Brachyramphus marmoratus
Applicable_Common_Name: Marbled Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Brachyramphus brevirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Kittlitz's Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Brachyramphus perdix
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-billed Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus
Applicable_Common_Name: Ancient Murrelets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus antiquus
Applicable_Common_Name: Ancient Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus wumizusume
Applicable_Common_Name: Japanese Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus craveri
Applicable_Common_Name: Craveri's Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus hypoleucus
Applicable_Common_Name: Xantus' Murrelet
Applicable_Common_Name: Xantus's Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ptychoramphus
Applicable_Common_Name: Cassin's Auklets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ptychoramphus aleuticus
Applicable_Common_Name: Cassin's Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Auklets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia cristatella
Applicable_Common_Name: Crested Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia pusilla
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia pygmaea
Applicable_Common_Name: Whiskered Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia psittacula
Applicable_Common_Name: Parakeet Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cerorhinca
Applicable_Common_Name: Rhinoceros Auklets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cerorhinca monocerata
Applicable_Common_Name: Rhinoceros Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fratercula
Applicable_Common_Name: Puffins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fratercula corniculata
Applicable_Common_Name: Horned Puffin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fratercula cirrhata
Applicable_Common_Name: Tufted Puffin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strigiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Owls
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strigidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Typical Owls
Applicable_Common_Name: Owls
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asioninae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asio
Applicable_Common_Name: Eared Owls
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asio flammeus
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-eared Owl
Applicable_Common_Name: hibou des marais
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Coraciiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Kingfishers
Applicable_Common_Name: Rollers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alcedinidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Kingfishers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cerylinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megaceryle
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megaceryle alcyon
Applicable_Common_Name: Belted Kingfisher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Passeriformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Perching Birds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cinclidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Dippers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cinclus
Applicable_Common_Name: Dippers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cinclus mexicanus
Applicable_Common_Name: American Dipper
Applicable_Common_Name: Mirlo-acu�tico norteamericano
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corvidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Crows
Applicable_Common_Name: Jays
Applicable_Common_Name: Magpies
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Suliformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Cormorants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sulidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Boobies
Applicable_Common_Name: Gannets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sula
Applicable_Common_Name: Boobies
Applicable_Common_Name: Gannets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sula dactylatra
Applicable_Common_Name: Masked Booby
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sula leucogaster
Applicable_Common_Name: Brown Booby
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sula sula
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-footed Booby
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Morus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Morus bassanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Gannet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocoracidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Cormorants
Applicable_Common_Name: Shags
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax
Applicable_Common_Name: Cormorants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax carbo
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax auritus
Applicable_Common_Name: Double-crested Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax penicillatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Brandt's Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax pelagicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pelagic Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax urile
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-faced Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fregatidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Frigatebirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fregata
Applicable_Common_Name: Frigatebirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fregata minor
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Frigatebird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fregata ariel
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Frigatebird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipitriformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Hawks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipitridae
Applicable_Common_Name: Eagles
Applicable_Common_Name: Hawks
Applicable_Common_Name: Kites
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter
Applicable_Common_Name: Bird Hawks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter gentilis
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Goshawk
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter striatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Sharp-shinned Hawk
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Buteo
Applicable_Common_Name: Buteonine Hawks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Buteo jamaicensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-tailed Hawk
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aquila
Applicable_Common_Name: Golden Eagles
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aquila chrysaetos
Applicable_Common_Name: Golden Eagle
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haliaeetus
Applicable_Common_Name: Fish Eagles
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: Bald Eagle
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haliaeetus pelagicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's Sea-Eagle
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's Sea Eagle
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Circus
Applicable_Common_Name: Harriers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Circus cyaneus
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Harrier
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pandionidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Ospreys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pandion
Applicable_Common_Name: Ospreys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pandion haliaetus
Applicable_Common_Name: Osprey
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Osprey
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethontiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Tropicbirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethontidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Tropicbirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethon
Applicable_Common_Name: Tropicbirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethon aethereus
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-billed Tropicbird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethon lepturus
Applicable_Common_Name: White-tailed Tropicbird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethon rubricauda
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-tailed Tropicbird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mammalia
Applicable_Common_Name: mammals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Theria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eutheria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cetacea
Applicable_Common_Name: cetaceans
Applicable_Common_Name: whales
Applicable_Common_Name: dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: marine mammals
Applicable_Common_Name: porpoises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odontoceti
Applicable_Common_Name: toothed whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinidae
Applicable_Common_Name: dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: killer whales
Applicable_Common_Name: pilot whales
Applicable_Common_Name: marine dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tursiops
Applicable_Common_Name: bottlenose dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tursiops truncatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Bottlenose Dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: Bottlenosed Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stenella
Applicable_Common_Name: spotted dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: spinner dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: striped dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stenella longirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: long-snouted spinner dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: Spinner Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stenella coeruleoalba
Applicable_Common_Name: Striped Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinus
Applicable_Common_Name: common dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinus delphis
Applicable_Common_Name: saddle-backed dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: common dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-beaked Common Dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: short-beaked saddle-backed dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinus capensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-beaked Common Dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: long-beaked common dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: long-beaked saddle-backed dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: long-beaked saddleback dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lagenorhynchus
Applicable_Common_Name: white-sided dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: white-beaked dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific White-sided Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lissodelphis
Applicable_Common_Name: right-whale dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: right whale dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lissodelphis borealis
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Right Whale Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Grampus
Applicable_Common_Name: grampus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Grampus griseus
Applicable_Common_Name: Risso's Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pseudorca
Applicable_Common_Name: false killer whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pseudorca crassidens
Applicable_Common_Name: False Killer Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Globicephala
Applicable_Common_Name: pilot whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Globicephala macrorhynchus
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-finned Pilot Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Orcinus
Applicable_Common_Name: killer whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Orcinus orca
Applicable_Common_Name: Killer Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: orca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Monodontidae
Applicable_Common_Name: white whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinapterus
Applicable_Common_Name: white whales
Applicable_Common_Name: belugas
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinapterus leucas
Applicable_Common_Name: white whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Beluga
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Physeteridae
Applicable_Common_Name: sperm whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Physeter
Applicable_Common_Name: sperm whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Physeter macrocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: Sperm Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoenidae
Applicable_Common_Name: porpoises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoena
Applicable_Common_Name: common porpoises
Applicable_Common_Name: harbor porpoises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoena phocoena
Applicable_Common_Name: Harbor Porpoise
Applicable_Common_Name: common porpoise
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoenoides
Applicable_Common_Name: Dall's porpoises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoenoides dalli
Applicable_Common_Name: True's Porpoise
Applicable_Common_Name: Dall's Porpoise
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Kogiidae
Applicable_Common_Name: small sperm whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Kogia
Applicable_Common_Name: pygmy sperm whales
Applicable_Common_Name: small sperm whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Kogia breviceps
Applicable_Common_Name: Pygmy Sperm Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hyperoodontidae
Applicable_Common_Name: beaked whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Berardius
Applicable_Common_Name: giant bottle-nosed whales
Applicable_Common_Name: giant beaked whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Berardius bairdii
Applicable_Common_Name: north Pacific bottle-nosed whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Baird's Beaked Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ziphius
Applicable_Common_Name: goose-beaked whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ziphius cavirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: goose-beaked whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Cuvier's Beaked Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: goosebeak whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mesoplodon
Applicable_Common_Name: beaked whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mysticeti
Applicable_Common_Name: baleen whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eschrichtiidae
Applicable_Common_Name: grey whales
Applicable_Common_Name: gray whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eschrichtius
Applicable_Common_Name: grey whales
Applicable_Common_Name: gray whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eschrichtius robustus
Applicable_Common_Name: Gray Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: grey whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenopteridae
Applicable_Common_Name: rorquals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera
Applicable_Common_Name: rorquals
Applicable_Common_Name: finback whales
Applicable_Common_Name: baleen whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera acutorostrata
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Minke Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Minke Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: northern minke whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera borealis
Applicable_Common_Name: Sei Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera physalus
Applicable_Common_Name: Fin Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: finback whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera musculus
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megaptera
Applicable_Common_Name: humpback whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megaptera novaeangliae
Applicable_Common_Name: Humpback Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenidae
Applicable_Common_Name: bowhead whales
Applicable_Common_Name: right whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaena
Applicable_Common_Name: right whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaena mysticetus
Applicable_Common_Name: black right whale
Applicable_Common_Name: bowhead whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Bowhead
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eubalaena
Applicable_Common_Name: right whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eubalaena japonica
Applicable_Common_Name: North Pacific Right Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carnivora
Applicable_Common_Name: carnivores
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caniformia
Applicable_Common_Name: dog-like carnivores
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursidae
Applicable_Common_Name: bears
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus
Applicable_Common_Name: bears
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus maritimus
Applicable_Common_Name: Polar Bear
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mustelidae
Applicable_Common_Name: mustelids
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutrinae
Applicable_Common_Name: otters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Enhydra
Applicable_Common_Name: sea otters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Enhydra lutris
Applicable_Common_Name: Sea Otter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lontra
Applicable_Common_Name: river otters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lontra canadensis
Applicable_Common_Name: North American River Otter
Applicable_Common_Name: northern river otter
Applicable_Common_Name: river otter
Applicable_Common_Name: common otter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Otariidae
Applicable_Common_Name: eared seals
Applicable_Common_Name: sea lions
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zalophus
Applicable_Common_Name: California sea lions
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zalophus californianus
Applicable_Common_Name: California Sealion
Applicable_Common_Name: California sea lion
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eumetopias
Applicable_Common_Name: northern sea lions
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eumetopias jubatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller Sea Lion
Applicable_Common_Name: steller sealion
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's sea lion
Applicable_Common_Name: northern sea lion
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Callorhinus
Applicable_Common_Name: northern fur seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Callorhinus ursinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Fur Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arctocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: southern fur seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arctocephalus townsendi
Applicable_Common_Name: Guadalupe Fur Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odobenidae
Applicable_Common_Name: walruses
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odobenus
Applicable_Common_Name: walruses
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odobenus rosmarus
Applicable_Common_Name: Walrus
Applicable_Common_Name: morse
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocidae
Applicable_Common_Name: earless seals
Applicable_Common_Name: true seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoca
Applicable_Common_Name: hair seals
Applicable_Common_Name: harbor seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoca largha
Applicable_Common_Name: Spotted Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoca vitulina
Applicable_Common_Name: Harbor Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Erignathus
Applicable_Common_Name: bearded seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Erignathus barbatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Bearded Seal
Applicable_Common_Name: squareflipper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mirounga
Applicable_Common_Name: elephant seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mirounga angustirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Elephant Seal
Applicable_Common_Name: northern sea elephant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pusa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pusa hispida
Applicable_Common_Name: Ringed Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Histriophoca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Histriophoca fasciata
Applicable_Common_Name: Ribbon Seal
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
For purposes of publication or dissemination, citations or credit should be given to the U.S. Geological Survey. The data are for non-commercial use only. No third party distribution is permitted. It is strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data to evaluate data set limitations, restrictions or intended use. It is the responsibility of the data user to use the data appropriately and consistent with the limitations of data in general and these data in particular.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Gary S. Drew
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Research Biologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: Alaska Science Center
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7168
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gdrew@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 7 Service Pack 1 ESRI ArcGIS 10.1 Microsoft Access 2010

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The data set is organized into 2 tables, a location table with spatial and survey information, and a table for observations of marine birds and marine mammals. The fields in all tables were standardized for comparability. The location table also includes information that can be used to filter that data based on observation platform, kind of survey, behaviour (flying or on the water), and method used for counting flying birds. Both counts and densities are provided for most observations, however, no densities are provided for observations outside the sampling strip or for stations, where sample area interacts with observation time. All densities are reported in birds/km2. Bias due to observers as well as attraction and avoidance of observing vessels was outside of our control. All surveys were conducted by trained observers. Data may be used to generate presence/absence, trends in and estimates of relative abundance and to examine patterns in temporal and spatial distribution, however, due to the opportunistic nature of the surveys, both in space and time, these data may not be sufficent to determine absolute abundance. A new species code list was created to standardized observations. Over the 40 years represented by the NPPSD v2.0, both common and Latin names have undergone some changes. Additionally, individual researchers commonly created their own unique codes for species. All of these were crosswalked into a new consistent table.
Logical_Consistency_Report: Not applicable
Completeness_Report: Not applicable
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Horizontal positions were collected using Loran-C (1974-1993) and GPS (1994-2008). Data collected using Loran-C was collected using NAD 27 and were converted to NAD 83. Consequently, there may be some variations in locational accuracy of Loran-C data during data shifting. Data in subsequent years, were assumed to have been collected using NAD 83 and hence were not converted. Each sample transect is located using a single point. Many of the early surveys (pre 1984) only recorded each transect's starting x- and y-coordinates. Most of the later surveys included both start and stop locations and transect locations are centroids. There is a field "Loc Method" in the location table that designates whether the start or the centroid of the sample transect was used for the observation location.
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
Data Standardization- Survey data was originally input and stored in various formats. Data fields and organization were variable and required several steps to provide standardized records. Incoming data sets were first imported into Microsoft Access data tables and proofed against a set of standard field values. If necessary, data fields were renamed and cross-walked to the standard values.
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
Creation of relational database - The database was designed to be usable both as a stand-alone product and as an ArcMap Geodatabase. A single key identifier "Masterkey" uniquely identifies all samples. These samples link features in the "Location" and "Observation" tables (one-to-many data relationship). The Masterkey was generally a combination of originator's identifier (“Tansect ID”) and date, though many came directly from contributors and if they were unique were not amended.
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
Density calculation- Survey area in square kilometers was generated for each survey transect based on transect width. Density calculations were made by dividing the recorded number of observations for each species by behavior and survey area in square kilometers. Behavior was split so researchers could select only birds on the water or combine these classes.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Beverly Agler
Originator: Jeffrey Allen
Originator: Patricia Baird
Originator: James Bartonek
Originator: Judith Benson
Originator: John Blackenship
Originator: Mike Bonnell
Originator: Ken T. Briggs
Originator: Vernon Byrd
Originator: Robert Day
Originator: Anthony DeGange
Originator: Matthew Dick
Originator: George Divoky
Originator: Don Dragoo
Originator: Gary Drew
Originator: William Drury
Originator: Thomas Early
Originator: R. Glenn Ford
Originator: Doug Forsell
Originator: David Frazer
Originator: Robert Gill, Jr.
Originator: Patrick Gould
Originator: G.A. Green
Originator: Juan Guzman
Originator: Colleen Handel
Originator: Craig Harrison
Originator: Scott Hatch
Originator: David Hardy
Originator: Karen Henderson
Originator: Eric Hoberg
Originator: George L. Hunt
Originator: David Irons
Originator: Malcolm Isleib
Originator: Robert Jones
Originator: Matthew Kirchhoff
Originator: Michelle L. Kissling
Originator: David Kline
Originator: Lynne Krasnow
Originator: Kathy Kuletz
Originator: Richard MacIntosh
Originator: Keith Metzner
Originator: Alan Moe
Originator: Kathleen Moore
Originator: Ken Morgan
Originator: Jay Nelson
Originator: David Nysewander
Originator: Mark Phillips
Originator: John F. Piatt
Originator: Mark Rauzon
Originator: Jerry Ruehle
Originator: Gerald Sanger
Originator: Theodore Schad
Originator: V. P. Shuntov
Originator: Arthur Sowls
Originator: Suzann Speckman
Originator: Michael Spindler
Originator: Irving Warner
Originator: Ed Wickersham
Originator: John Wells
Originator: John Wiens
Originator: Kent Wohl
Originator: Denny Zwiefelhofer
Originator: Alaska Maritime NWR
Originator: Canadian Wildlife Service
Originator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Migratory Bird Management
Originator: Alaska Science Center
Originator: Point Blue
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title: Survey Data
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: observed
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Not Applicable
Source_Contribution:
Data from at sea surveys was collected by a variety of sources, including state and federal scientists, international cooperators and independent researchers.
Process_Step:
Process_Description: No process steps have been described for this data set
Process_Date: Unknown

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Ellipsoid_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: tbl_LOCATION
Entity_Type_Definition:
Microsoft Access 2003-2007 data table. The location table contains uniquely identified sea bird survey information which includes spatial, temporal, transect and occasionally environmental observation data.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Master Key
Attribute_Definition:
Up to 25-digit unique identifier of each sample location which provides the link between the location and observation tables. Each unique record in the location table is associated with multiple or no observation records in the observation table.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Not Applicable
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Survey_ID
Attribute_Definition:
Additional survey identifier associated with incoming data which is sometimes provided by originator. This field often is not unique and primarily is useful for linking back to raw datasets.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Originator
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Not Applicable
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Station_Number
Attribute_Definition:
Optional sequential transect/station number within a Survey ID number. This field was provided in some surveys by researchers collecting repeated samples over time and is included for their benefit.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Originator
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Not Applicable
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Modified_Platform_Type
Attribute_Definition: The platform used to collect observations.
Attribute_Definition_Source: OCSEAP-U.S. Fish and Wildlife (FWS) protocols
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Platform Type
Codeset_Source: Aircraft, Land, Large Boat, Small Boat, and Station
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Modified_Survey_Type
Attribute_Definition:
: Type of survey methodology. Most of the data were classified as “Pelagic Survey.” Some missing survey types were assumed to be “Pelagic Survey” if they included transect duration, width, and distance. During the OCSEAP data collection there also were station surveys, where species were counted in a fixed area (from a non-moving platform) over a fixed time period. The survey type “Off Transect Observation” is used only on a few samples from the OCSEAP data. Survey types of “Station” and “Off Transect Observation” do not have a sample area, so they are automatically excluded from density calculations.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Pelagic Survey, Station, and Off Transect Observation
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Fly_Bird_Method
Attribute_Definition:
How flying birds were counted on surveys. In most surveys, flying birds were counted at regular intervals (snapshots), not continuously, to minimize overestimation of bird densities owing to the flux of rapidly moving birds across the transect.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Continuous, Snapshot, Unk
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Loc_Method
Attribute_Definition:
Identifies the method used to determine the latitude-longitude location of the sample. This location is the beginning of the transect for older surveys and are based on the centroid of the sample transect for newer surveys.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Centroid, Start
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lat
Attribute_Definition:
Latitude of the sample location in decimal degrees using the WGS 84 datum.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 88.453743
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Degrees
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lon
Attribute_Definition:
Longitude of the sample location in decimal degrees using the WGS 84 datum. These longitudes are based on a -180 to 180 degree coordinate system. The 180th meridian runs through the middle of the NPPSD study area; thus, the dataset includes both positive and negative longitudes.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Easting--104.968399999701, Westing-129.166666666667
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Year
Attribute_Definition: Four digit year of the survey.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1973
Range_Domain_Maximum: 2012
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Year
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Month
Attribute_Definition: Two digit month of the survey.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 12
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Day
Attribute_Definition: Two digit day of the survey.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 31
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Day
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Julian Date
Attribute_Definition: Numeric day-of-the-year.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 366
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Day
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Hour
Attribute_Definition:
Two digit hour of the start time of the survey. Based on a 24 hour scale.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 23
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Minutes
Attribute_Definition: Two digit minute at the start time of the survey.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 59
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Minute
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Elapsed_Time
Attribute_Definition: Elapsed time of the survey sample in minutes.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Minute
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Transect Width
Attribute_Definition: Strip (bin) width in meters.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 600
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Speed
Attribute_Definition:
Average boat speed in kilometers per hour. Note there are numerous missing values and non-aircraft speeds greater than 25 kph are suspect.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 10483
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: kilometers per hour
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Depth
Attribute_Definition:
Depth to bottom in meters. Note depths of 9999 meters or greater are represented as 9999.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 9999
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Surface Temperature
Attribute_Definition: Surface temperature in degrees C.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -6
Range_Domain_Maximum: 33.2
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Information:
Attribute_Value_Accuracy: 0.1
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Explanation: Temperature to the tenth degree C
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Surface Salinity
Attribute_Definition: Ocean surface salinity.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 40.3
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Salinity in ppt
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.01
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Information:
Attribute_Value_Accuracy: 0.01
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Explanation: Salinity in nearest tenth of a part per thousand
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Barometric Pressure
Attribute_Definition: Barometric pressure to nearest tenths of a millibar (haPa).
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 902.9
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1113
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.01
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Information:
Attribute_Value_Accuracy: 0.01
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Explanation: Pressure to nearest tenths of a millibar (haPa).
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Barometric Trend
Attribute_Definition: Increasing (+) or decreasing (-) pressure.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: 0-5 steady, + rising, or – falling
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Wind Speed
Attribute_Definition: Wind speed in knots.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 55
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: knots
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sea State
Attribute_Definition: Based on the Beaufort Scale.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 9
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: knots
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Weather
Attribute_Definition:
This is a subjective field and not standardized with multiple code lists.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA and USFWS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Gould Code 6 or NODC CODE 0159 or USFWS Table 24: Present Weather dated 02-20-76.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sample Area
Attribute_Definition: Area of the sample bin in square kilometers.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: .000046729509804254
Range_Domain_Maximum: 58.36684
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Source
Attribute_Definition: The person that actually transferred the data to USGS.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
A complete listing of people responsible for data transfers can be found in the NPPSD Users Guide.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PI Credit
Attribute_Definition: The contributing scientist or organization.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
A complete listing of contributing scientists and organizations is provided in the NPPSD Users Guide.
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: tbl_DATA_OBS
Entity_Type_Definition:
Microsoft Access 2003-2007 data table. The observation table contains observations from at-sea bird surveys in the North Pacific.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Master Key
Attribute_Definition:
Up to 25-digit unique identifier of each sample location which provides the link between the location and observation tables. Each unique record in the location table is associated with multiple or no observation records in the observation table.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
A unique charactor string (up to 25) identifying sample locations.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sample Area
Attribute_Definition: Area of the sample bin in square kilometers.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: .000046729509804254
Range_Domain_Maximum: 58.36684
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Common Name
Attribute_Definition: Common name of species observed.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ITIS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Common names were downloaded from the taxonomic ITIS database 03/27/2015.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Number
Attribute_Definition: Sum of a given species with similar behavior at this location.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 350000
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: individuals
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Density
Attribute_Definition:
Number per square kilometer for a given species, behavior, OT-OBS combination.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.01713
Range_Domain_Maximum: 394968.8
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: individuals per square kilometer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: NPPSD 4-Letter Code
Attribute_Definition: Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: NPPSD 4-letter code
Codeset_Source: https://alaska.usgs.gov /science/biology/nppsd/index.php
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Modified Behavior
Attribute_Definition: Standardized behavior of the observed species.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Modified Behavior
Codeset_Source: Boat, Dead, Feed, Fish, Flying, Land, Unk, Water
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Taxon
Attribute_Definition: Bird or Mammal
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Taxon
Codeset_Source: Bird, Mammal
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Comments
Attribute_Definition: Explanatory text with 254-character limit.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Originators.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Not Applicable
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OT-OBS
Attribute_Definition: Field to identify noteble off-transect observations.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Off Transect
Codeset_Source: Yes = Off transect, No = On transect
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Source
Attribute_Definition: The person that actually transferred the data to USGS.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
A complete listing of people responsible for data transfers can be found in the NPPSD Users Guide.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PI Credit
Attribute_Definition: The contributing scientist or organization.
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
A complete listing of contributing scientists and organizations is provided in the NPPSD Users Guide.
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
The Location Table provides all general survey information including Lat, Lon, survey methodology, survey area, and local environmental conditions. Marine Bird and Marine Mammal data include information of species, behavior, number, and density.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Complete descriptions can be found in the "North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database Users Guide" available from the U.S. Geological Survey. https://alaska.usgs.gov /science/biology/nppsd/index.php

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: Alaska Science Center
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Resource_Description:
Zip file of NPPSD database contains the Microsoft Access database NPPSD_V2_Back.mdb as well as this metadata file..
Distribution_Liability:
It is strongly recommended that the data described or contained herein be acquired directly from the U. S. Geological Survey and not indirectly through some other sources which may have changed the data in some way. The data are released on the condition that neither the U.S. Geological Survey nor the United States Government may be held liable for any damages resulting from its authorized or unauthorized use. No warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the accuracy or utility of the data and information on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. Neither the originators of this dataset, nor the U.S. Geological Survey, nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein. Any use of trade, firm or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data and information, and aggregate use with other data and information. These data and any derived products are not legal documents and are not intended to be used as such.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: MDB
File_Decompression_Technique: Winzip
Transfer_Size: 67.4
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7WQ01T3
Fees: None
Technical_Prerequisites:
The data is stored in a Microsoft Access database. Users will need Access 2003 or later to acess the dataset. The dataset is compressed in a zip file of approximately 40 MB. Uncompressed the file will be approximately 350 MB.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20150331
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: U.S.Geological Survey,
Address: Alaska Science Center
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 907-786-7150
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gdrew@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time

Generated by mp version 2.9.32 on Tue Jul 14 16:25:41 2015