Serological Data on Influenza A from Birds and Mammals on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Northern Alaska, 2011-2017

Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Van Hemert, C.R. (ORCID: 0000-0002-6858-7165)
Originator: Spivey, T.J. (ORCID: 0000-0003-2735-2770)
Originator: Uher-Koch, B.D. (ORCID: 0000-0002-1885-0260)
Originator: Atwood, T.C. (ORCID: 0000-0001-6708-1085)
Originator: Sinnett, D.R.
Originator: Meixell, B.W. (ORCID: 0000-0002-6738-0349)
Originator: Hupp, J.W. (ORCID: 0000-0002-6439-3910)
Originator: Jiang, K.
Originator: Adams, L.G. (ORCID: 0000-0001-6212-2896)
Originator: Gustine, D.D. (ORCID: 0000-0003-1087-1937)
Originator: Ramey, A.M. (ORCID: 0000-0002-3601-8400)
Originator: Wan, X.
Publication_Date: 20181219
Title:
Serological Data on Influenza A from Birds and Mammals on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Northern Alaska, 2011-2017
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Other_Citation_Details:
Van Hemert, C.R., Spivey, T.J.,Uher-Koch, B.D., Atwood, T.C., Sinnett, D.R., Meixell, B.W., Hupp, J.W., Jiang, K., Adams, L.G., Gustine, D.D., Ramey, A.M., Wan, X-F., 2018, Serological data on influenza A from birds and mammals on the Arctic Coastal Plain of northern Alaska, 2011-2017: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9FPXQTP
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/P9FPXQTP
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Publication_Date: 2015
Title: USGS Changing Arctic Ecosystems: cross-cutting science theme
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: website
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Alaska Science Portal
Issue_Identification: 356
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Other_Citation_Details:
This is a link to the broader USGS Alaska Science Center research project supported by these data. Users will find a description of the research project and links to associated reports, publications, and data products.
Online_Linkage: https://alaska.usgs.gov/portal/project.php?project_id=356
Description:
Abstract:
These data (in two spreadsheets) are the results of screening for influenza A viruses (IAV) in blood from wild animals that utilize the Arctic region of Alaska. 758 blood samples from nine wildlife species (3 mammal, 6 waterbird) were collected in Arctic Alaska, 2011-2017. Two different tests were used and the results are presented in separate spreadsheets. All blood samples were screened for IAV antibodies using a blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (bELISA). A subsample of 63 blood samples were screened by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assays to identify hemagglutinin (HA) subtype-specific antibodies for comparison among taxa.
Purpose:
These data provided the basis for a study to: 1) determine seroprevalence of IAVs in sympatric-nesting geese and loons; 2) evaluate whether mammals in the same region are exposed to IAVs; and 3) identify potential sources of exposure based on subtype-specific IAV antibodies detected in birds and mammals.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 201107
Ending_Date: 201704
Currentness_Reference: observed
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Arctic Alaska including the Brooks Range and the Arctic Coastal Plain from the Canadian border west to Utqiagvik.
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -157.3074
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -141.3817
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 72.0601
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 67.0167
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NASA GCMD Earth Science Keywords
Theme_Keyword: Earth Science
Theme_Keyword: Biological Classification
Theme_Keyword: Animals/Vertebrates
Theme_Keyword: Birds
Theme_Keyword: Ducks/Geese/Swans
Theme_Keyword: Loons
Theme_Keyword: Mammals
Theme_Keyword: Even-toed Ungulates
Theme_Keyword: Deer/Moose
Theme_Keyword: Carnivores
Theme_Keyword: Dogs/Foxes/Wolves
Theme_Keyword: Bears
Theme_Keyword: Viruses
Theme_Keyword: Biosphere
Theme_Keyword: Ecological Dynamics
Theme_Keyword: Species/Population Interactions
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Biocomplexity Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Birds
Theme_Keyword: Aquatic Birds
Theme_Keyword: Waterfowl
Theme_Keyword: Mammals
Theme_Keyword: Ungulates
Theme_Keyword: Canidae
Theme_Keyword: Bears
Theme_Keyword: Viral Diseases
Theme_Keyword: Influenza
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Life sciences
Theme_Keyword: Pathology
Theme_Keyword: Health and disease
Theme_Keyword: Wildlife disease
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NIH MeSH Keywords Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Diagnosis
Theme_Keyword: Immunologic Techniques
Theme_Keyword: Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Theme_Keyword: Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
Theme_Keyword: Virus Diseases
Theme_Keyword: Respiratory Tract Infections
Theme_Keyword: Influenza A Virus
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Black Brant
Theme_Keyword: Greater White-fronted Goose
Theme_Keyword: Lesser Snow Goose
Theme_Keyword: Pacific Loon
Theme_Keyword: Yellow-billed Loon
Theme_Keyword: Red-throated Loon
Theme_Keyword: Caribou
Theme_Keyword: Arctic Fox
Theme_Keyword: Polar Bear
Theme_Keyword: IAV
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: State of Alaska
Place_Keyword: North Slope
Place_Keyword: Chipp River
Place_Keyword: Beaufort Sea
Place_Keyword: Chandalar Lake
Place_Keyword: Colville River Delta
Place_Keyword: Utqiagvik
Place_Keyword: Lonely Air Station
Place_Keyword: Ackerman Lake
Place_Keyword: Indian Creek
Place_Keyword: Robert Creek
Place_Keyword: Tobin Creek
Place_Keyword: Tobin Pass
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Taxonomic_Keywords: Multiple Species
Taxonomic_Keywords: Animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: Vertebrates
Taxonomic_Keywords: Birds
Taxonomic_Keywords: Black Brant
Taxonomic_Keywords: Greater White-fronted Goose
Taxonomic_Keywords: Lesser Snow Goose
Taxonomic_Keywords: Pacific Loon
Taxonomic_Keywords: Yellow-billed Loon
Taxonomic_Keywords: Red-throated Loon
Taxonomic_Keywords: Mammals
Taxonomic_Keywords: Caribou
Taxonomic_Keywords: Arctic Fox
Taxonomic_Keywords: Polar Bear
Taxonomic_Keywords: Viruses
Taxonomic_Keywords: Influenza A Virus
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Series_Information:
Series_Name: ITIS
Issue_Identification:
TSN 175011, 175029, 175020, 174474, 174475, 174470, 622025, 180542, 180701
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: ITIS-North America
Other_Citation_Details:
Taxonomic details for birds and mammals were retrieved July 2, 2018, from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System on-line database: http://www.itis.gov
Online_Linkage: https://www.itis.gov
Classification_System_Modifications:
ITIS currently lists Snow Geese in the genus Chen. However, the most current taxonomic designation by the American Ornithological Society's (AOU) Check-list of North American Birds lists Snow Geese in the genus Anser. Here, we follow the current AOU designation as described in: Chesser, R.T., Burns, K.J., Cicero, C., Dunn, J.L., Kratter, A.W., Lovette, I.J., Rasmussen, P.C., Remsen, J.V., Jr., Rising, J.D., Stotz, D.F., Winker, K. 2017. Fifty-eighth supplement to the American Ornithological Society's Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk:134(3)751-773. doi:10.1642/AUK-17-72.1.
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV)
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses
Other_Citation_Details:
Taxonomic details for influenza A virus were retrieved 22-Oct-2018, from the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses online database https://talk.ictvonline.org/
Online_Linkage: https://talk.ictvonline.org/
Taxonomic_Procedures:
Vertebrate species were identified by skilled observers in the field based on general appearance of feathers and plumage, fur and pelage, behavior, and vocalization. Influenza A viruses were identified by the successful amplification of an RNA influenza A matrix gene-target using real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR).
Taxonomic_Completeness:
Taxonomy is complete for all samples. No voucher specimens were collected.
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Life
Taxon_Rank_Value: Life
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subkingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bilateria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infrakingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Deuterostomia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gnathostomata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tetrapoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aves
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aves
Applicable_Common_Name: Birds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anseriformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Waterfowl
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anatidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Ducks
Applicable_Common_Name: Geese
Applicable_Common_Name: Swans
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anserinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta bernicla
Applicable_Common_Name: Brant Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: Brent Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: Brant
Applicable_Common_Name: TSN: 175011
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anser
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anser caerulescens
Applicable_Common_Name: Snow Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: TSN: 175029
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anser albifrons
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater White-fronted Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: TSN: 175020
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gaviiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gaviidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia stellata
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-throated Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-throated Diver
Applicable_Common_Name: TSN 174474
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia pacifica
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Diver
Applicable_Common_Name: TSN 174475
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia adamsii
Applicable_Common_Name: Yellow-billed Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: White-billed Diver
Applicable_Common_Name: TSN 174470
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mammalia
Applicable_Common_Name: mammals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Theria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eutheria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carnivora
Applicable_Common_Name: carnivores
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caniformia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Canidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vulpes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vulpes lagopus
Applicable_Common_Name: Arctic Fox
Applicable_Common_Name: TSN: 622025
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursidae
Applicable_Common_Name: bears
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus
Applicable_Common_Name: bears
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus maritimus
Applicable_Common_Name: Polar Bear
Applicable_Common_Name: TSN: 180542
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Artiodactyla
Applicable_Common_Name: artiodactyls
Applicable_Common_Name: even-toed ungulates
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cervidae
Applicable_Common_Name: cervids
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Capreolinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rangifer
Applicable_Common_Name: caribou
Applicable_Common_Name: reindeer
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rangifer tarandus
Applicable_Common_Name: reindeer
Applicable_Common_Name: caribou
Applicable_Common_Name: TSN: 180701
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: viruses
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Negarnaviricota
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polyploviricotina
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Insthoviricetes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Articulavirales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Orthomyxoviridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alphainfluenzavirus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Influenza A virus
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
It is requested that the authors and the USGS Alaska Science Center be cited for any subsequent publications that reference this dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (907)786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
Hemagglutination inhibition assays were conducted at the College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, USA.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Van Hemert, C.R. (ORCID: 0000-0002-6858-7165)
Originator: Spivey, T.J. (ORCID: 0000-0003-2735-2770)
Originator: Uher-Koch, B.D. (ORCID: 0000-0002-1885-0260)
Originator: Atwood, T.C. (ORCID: 0000-0001-6708-1085)
Originator: Sinnett, D.R.
Originator: Meixell, B.W. (ORCID: 0000-0002-6738-0349)
Originator: Hupp, J.W. (ORCID: 0000-0002-6439-3910)
Originator: Jiang, K.
Originator: Adams, L.G. (ORCID: 0000-0001-6212-2896)
Originator: Gustine, D.D. (ORCID: 0000-0003-1087-1937)
Originator: Ramey, A.M. (ORCID: 0000-0002-3601-8400)
Originator: Wan, X.
Publication_Date: 2019
Title:
Survey of Arctic Alaskan wildlife for influenza A antibodies: limited evidence for exposure of mammals
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Issue_Identification: 55(2):387-398
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: Wildlife Disease Association
Other_Citation_Details:
Van Hemert, C.R., Spivey, T.J., Uher-Koch, B.D., Atwood, T.C., Sinnett, D.R., Meixell, B.W., Hupp, J.W., Jiang, K., Adams, L.G., Gustine, D.D., Ramey, A.M., Wan, X. 2019. Survey of arctic Alaskan wildlife for influenza A antibodies: limited evidence for exposure of mammals. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 55(2):387-398 doi:10.7589/2018-05-128
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.7589/2018-05-128
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Individual sample ID's, species identification, age, collection dates, and sampling locations were cross-checked and verified to match field data. We observed sterile techniques in the handling of all blood samples. bELISA plates each included a negative control sample to account for background absorbance by reagents. For quality assurance and quality control, we performed replicate bELISA assays on 15% of samples (n=119).
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Attribute values fall within expected ranges. The level of reported precision for geographic coordinates varies for each of the taxa sampled project, due to the specific goals of the field sampling.
Completeness_Report:
No data were omitted. Cells with blanks or NA are explained in the appropriate attribute section. For hemagglutinin inhibition assays, we selected a subset of 63 samples with a range of sample-to-negative control(S/N) values, including both those deemed positive (<0.50000; n=13) and negative (>=0.50000; n=50) by bELISA. Our selections were restricted by available sera volume, but included all taxa except Lesser Snow Geese and Black Brant. Due to limited serum volume, we tested only one avian influenza A virus strain for each hemagglutinin subtype.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Positions collected with Garmin hand held GPS with average accuracy to within 3 m.
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
Blood Collection: All birds were live-captured on their breeding areas (June-August); 3-5 ml of whole blood was drawn from the jugular vein. Arctic Foxes were shot or trapped near Utqiagvik (May-June); blood was drawn from the heart post-euthanasia. Caribou were live-captured on their wintering area in the east-central Brooks Range (April); blood was drawn from the jugular or cephalic veins. Polar Bears were captured on the sea ice of the southern Beaufort Sea (March-April); blood was drawn from the jugular or femoral veins.
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
Serum/plasma Collection: Whole blood was drawn into either additive-free or EDTA-treated evacuated tubes. Tubes were kept cool until they could be centrifuged at 3500 rpm for 5-15 minutes on the day of collection. Serum or plasma were removed and aliquoted into cryovials and stored at 20°C in the field and then -80°C upon receipt in the lab.
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
bELISA Assay: Serum or plasma samples were screened for antibodies to influenza A virus (IAV) using a commercially available blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (bELISA; AI MultiS-Screen Avian Influenza Virus Antibody Test Kit; IDEXX Laboratories, Westbrook, Maine, USA) following the manufacturer's instructions. Results of the bELISA assays indicate the relative concentration of antibodies in the sample. Negative control samples were also tested. Per the manufacturer’s recommendation, we used a sample-to-negative control (S/N) ratio of 0.5 as a cutoff for interpretation of results, with any value <0.50000 considered positive for IAV antibodies.
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
Hemagglutination Inhibition assays: To provide inference regarding assay sensitivity and specificity relative to the bELISA assay and further to identify hemagglutinin (HA) subtype-specific antibodies for comparison among taxa, a subset of samples from each taxonomic group (geese, loons, Arctic foxes, caribou, polar bears) was also analyzed by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay against 15 HA subtypes (H1–H14, H16) of influenza A viruses (IAV). Due to limited sample volume, we tested only one avian IAV strain of each HA subtype; we assumed that the antigenic diversity of low pathogenic avian IAVs in wild birds is limited and that those tested would be representative of a diversity of viruses within these 15 HA subtypes. We selected a subset of 63 samples with a range of sample-to-negative control (S/N) ratios, including both those deemed IAV positive (<0.50000; n=13) and those negative (>=0.50000; n=50) by bELISA. Among the negative samples, we included 20 with S/N values of 0.50000 - 0.70000 because 0.7 has been proposed as a more sensitive threshold for determining presence of antibodies to IAVs in wild birds. Our selections were restricted by available sera volume, but included all taxa (though among geese, only samples from White-fronted Geese had adequate volume for testing by HI). To minimize nonspecific agglutination, the sample was mixed with 10% turkey red blood cells (RBCs) in a volume ratio 1:1 (Kistler et al 2015) and incubated at 37°C for 30 minutes. After centrifugation, the serum was collected without disturbing packed turkey RBCs. In the HI assay, 0.5% turkey RBCs were used; samples were determined to be positive against a specific virus if the HI titer was >=1:40 (Hobson et al 1972) or suspect-positive if the HI titer was 1:10 or 1:20.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Kistler W.M.
Originator: Stallknecht D.E.
Originator: Deliberto T.J.
Originator: Van Why K.
Originator: Yabsley M.J.
Publication_Date: 2015
Title:
Subtype-specific influenza A virus antibodies in Canada geese (Branta canadensis)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Veterinary Microbiology
Issue_Identification: 177
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: Elsevier
Other_Citation_Details:
Kistler W.M., Stallknecht D.E., Deliberto T.J., Van Why K., Yabsley M.J. 2015. Subtype-specific influenza A virus antibodies in Canada geese (Branta canadensis). Veterinary Microbiology 177: 296-301. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2015.03.021
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2015.03.021
Type_of_Source_Media: journal article
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2015
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Kistler et al 2015
Source_Contribution:
Source for lab technique. Use of turkey red blood cells in hemagglutination inhibition assay.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Hobson D.
Originator: Curry R.
Originator: Beare A.
Originator: Ward-Gardner A.
Publication_Date: 1972
Title:
The role of serum haemagglutination-inhibiting antibody in protection against challenge infection with influenza A2 and B viruses
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Epidemiology and Infection
Issue_Identification: 70
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Other_Citation_Details:
Hobson, D., Curry, R., Beare, A., Ward-Gardner, A. 1972. The role of serum haemagglutination-inhibiting antibody in protection against challenge infection with influenza A2 and B viruses. Epidemiology and Infection 70: 767-777. doi: /10.1017/S0022172400022610
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022172400022610
Type_of_Source_Media: journal article
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1972
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Hobson et al 1972
Source_Contribution:
Source for titer ratios used to determine influenza A virus exposure.
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Field notes were transcribed into electronic spreadsheets.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Following laboratory analysis, results were inspected and samples were classified as positive or negative for influenza A virus exposure.
Process_Date: Unknown
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference:
Site names indicate a representative local geographic name. Each site has a representative coordinate.
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Ellipsoid_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257223563
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: birdsMammals_influenzaA_bElisa_northSlope_vanHemert_2011_2017
Entity_Type_Definition:
Table containing sampling information and results of bELISA test for influenza A viruses in nine wildlife species in arctic Alaska. Presented in a Comma Separated Value (CSV) formatted table.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lab_ID
Attribute_Definition:
Individual identifier for each laboratory sample analyzed. Lab_ID in this table coincides with Lab_ID in the other table included in this data package: "birdsMammals_influenzaA_hemagglutinInhibit_northSlope_2011_2017.csv"
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Unique identifier: the system of sample naming was determined by data collectors to fit their recording needs for each species, period, and location.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Field_ID
Attribute_Definition:
Individual identifier for each field sample collected. Blank cells indicate that samples were collected from unmarked animals.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Unique identifier: the system of sample naming was determined by field personnel to fit their recording needs for each species, period, and location.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Host_species
Attribute_Definition:
Common name of wildlife host-species that was sampled and tested for influenza A viruses.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Black Brant
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Branta bernicla nigricans
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Greater White-fronted Goose
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Anser albifrons frontalis
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Lesser Snow Goose
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Anser caerulescens caerulescens
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Pacific Loon
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Gavia pacifica
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Red-throated Loon
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Gavia stellata
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Yellow-billed Loon
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Gavia adamsii
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Arctic Fox
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Vulpes lagopus
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Caribou
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Rangifer tarandus
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Polar bear
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Ursus maritimus
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Age
Attribute_Definition:
Age class as determined in the field by trained observers for each specific project and taxa.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: AHY
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
After Hatch Year. A bird known to have hatched before the calendar year of banding; year of hatch otherwise unknown.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: ASY
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
After Second Year. A bird known to have hatched earlier than the calendar year preceding the year of banding; year of hatch otherwise unknown. Example: Banded 1997 - Hatched 1995 or earlier.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: ATY
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
After Third Year. A bird known to have hatched two years prior to the year of banding, now in at least its fourth calendar year of life. Example: Banded 1997 - Hatched 1994 or earlier.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Adult
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
A mammal of full breeding size and pelage. In the case of polar bears in this study, an animal at least 4 years of age.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Subadult
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: In this study, only used for polar bears 2-3 years of age.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sampling_date
Attribute_Definition: Date when sample was collected in the field (MM/DD/YYYY).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 7/08/2011
Range_Domain_Maximum: 4/19/2017
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Date (MM/DD/YYYY)
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Location
Attribute_Definition:
Representative name for areas where samples were collected; as assigned by each project.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Colville River Delta
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Sampling area in the Colville River Delta, Alaska.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Chipp River
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Sampling area along the Chipp River, Alaska.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Lonely
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sampling area in the vicinity of the Lonely Air Station, Alaska.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Utqiagvik
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Sampling area in the vicinity of the Utqiagvik, Alaska.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Central Arctic Herd
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Caribou herd sampled in the southern Brooks Range of Alaska.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Southern Beaufort Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Sampling area in the waters adjacent to Alaska.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Location_notes
Attribute_Definition:
Place for specific notes about the sampling location. Blank cells indicate that there are no additional location notes for the record.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Free text for notes.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lat
Attribute_Definition:
Latitude of sampling location in decimal degrees. The level of precision varied with each sampling project/taxa, due to the specific needs of the project.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 67.0167
Range_Domain_Maximum: 72.0610
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Decimal degrees (WGS 84)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: NA
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No coordinates were recorded in the field.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Long
Attribute_Definition:
Longitude of sampling location in decimal degrees. The level of precision varied with each sampling project/taxa, due to the specific needs of the project.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -157.3074
Range_Domain_Maximum: -141.3817
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Decimal degrees (WGS 84)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: NA
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No coordinates were recorded in the field.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Test_Date
Attribute_Definition: Date when sample was tested in laboratory.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 7/14/2015
Range_Domain_Maximum: 8/16/2017
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Date (MM/DD/YYYY)
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sample_ABS
Attribute_Definition:
Raw bELISA result. Spectrophotometer reading of light absorbance (650 nm) from sample (measured as Optical Density).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.08659
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1.44506
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Measure with no units
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Neg_Ctrl
Attribute_Definition:
Negative Control Absorbance. Raw bELISA result. Spectrophotometer reading of light absorbance (650 nm) of Negative Control (measured as Optical Density).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.99258
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1.37974
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Measure with no units
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: S_N_ratio
Attribute_Definition:
Ratio of Sample Absorbance/Negative Control Absorbance. This is an index of antibody concentration.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.07517
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1.33447
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Result
Attribute_Definition:
Whether bELISA tests indicate the presence of antibodies to influenza A virus.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Pos
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sample positive for the presence of antibodies to influenza A virus; sample-to-negative control (S/N) ratio <0.50000.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Neg
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sample negative for the presence of antibodies to influenza A virus; sample-to-negative control (S/N) ratio >=0.50000.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Replicate
Attribute_Definition:
Number of the replicate bELISA test. For quality assurance and quality control, we replicated bELISA tests for 15% of samples (n=119).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 3
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Count
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label:
birdsMammals_influenzaA_hemagglutinInhibit_northSlope_vanHemert_2011_2017
Entity_Type_Definition:
Table containing results of hemagglutinin inhibition test for influenza A viruses in seven wildlife species in arctic Alaska. Presented in a Comma Separated Value (CSV) formatted table.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lab_ID
Attribute_Definition:
Individual identifier for each laboratory sample analyzed. Lab_ID in this table coincides with Lab_ID in the other table included in this data package: "birdsMammals_influenzaA_bElisa_northSlope_2011_2017.csv"
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Unique identifier: the system of sample naming was determined by data collectors to fit their recording needs for each species, period, and location.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Host_species
Attribute_Definition:
Common name of wildlife host-species that was sampled and tested for influenza A viruses.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Greater White-fronted Goose
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Anser albifrons frontalis
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Pacific Loon
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Gavia pacifica
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Red-throated Loon
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Gavia stellata
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Yellow-billed Loon
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Gavia adamsii
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Arctic Fox
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Vulpes lagopus
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Caribou
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Rangifer tarandus
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Polar bear
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Ursus maritimus
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H1N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H1N2. Virus isolate A/mallard/Ohio/11OS2073/2011.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H1 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 20
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 20; sample considered suspect-positive for H1 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 40
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 40; sample considered positive for H1 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 320
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 320; sample considered positive for H1 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H2N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H2N2. Virus isolate A/mallard/Iowa/10OS2721/2010.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H2 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H3N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H3N2. Virus isolate A/mallard/Wisconsin/A00661712/2009.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H3 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H4N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H4N2. Virus isolate A/herring gull/Iceland/3831/2014.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H4 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 10; sample considered suspect-positive for H4 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H5N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H5N2. Virus isolate A/mallard/Illinois/3974/2009.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H5 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 20
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 20; sample considered suspect-positive for H5 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H6N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H6N2. Virus isolate A/mallard/Wisconsin/10OS3066/2010.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer of less than 10; sample considered negative for H6 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 20
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 20; serum sample considered suspect-positive for H6 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 40
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 40; sample considered positive for H6 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 80
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 80; sample considered positive for H6 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H7N3
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H7N3. Virus isolate A/mallard/RI/A00449368/2009.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; ssample considered negative for H7 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H8N4
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H8N4. Virus isolate A/American black duck/Nova Scotia/02043/2007.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H8 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H9N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H9N2. Virus isolate A/mallard/Ohio/13OS3856/2013.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H9 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 20
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 20; sample considered suspect-positive for H9 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 40
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer = 40; sample considered positive for H9 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H10N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H10N2. Virus isolate A/mallard/Missouri/14OS4111/2014.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H10 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H11N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H11N2. Virus isolate A/mallard/Ohio/11OS2213/2011.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H11 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H12N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H12N2. Virus isolate A/mallard/Ohio/09OS2904/2009.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H12 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H13N6
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H13N6. Virus isolate A/black-legged kittiwake/Quebec/02838-1/2009.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H13 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H14N2
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H14N2. Virus isolate A/northern shoveler/Mississippi/12OS456/2012.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H14 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: H16N3
Attribute_Definition:
Influenza A virus subtype H16N3. Virus isolate A/herring gull/Iceland/4549/2014.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: <10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Titer less than 10; sample considered negative for H16 hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibody.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: HI_Result
Attribute_Definition:
Whether any of the hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibodies tested indicate influenza A virus exposure.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Pos
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sample showed a positive or suspect-positive result for at least one of the hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibodies tested.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Neg
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sample showed no positive or suspect-positive results for any of the hemagglutinin subtype-specific antibodies tested.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99508
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (907)786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Authoritative source for access to these data.
Distribution_Liability:
Unless otherwise stated, all data, metadata and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. Although these data and associated metadata have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness and approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Zip
Format_Version_Number: 19.0
Format_Information_Content:
Zip file containing the data in CSV file format and the FGDC metadata in XML and HTML formats.
File_Decompression_Technique: Winzip legacy compression applied
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://doi.org/10.5066/P9FPXQTP
Fees: No fees
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20190625
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99508
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (907)786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999

Generated by mp version 2.9.50 on Tue Jun 25 13:03:59 2019