Pacific Walrus Coastal Haulout Database 1852-2016

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fischbach, A.S.
Originator: Kochnev A.A.
Originator: Garlich-Miller, J.M.
Originator: Jay, C.V
Publication_Date: 201607
Title: Pacific Walrus Coastal Haulout Database 1852-2016
Edition: 1
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Online_Linkage: http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7RX994P
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USGS Alaska Science Center Walrus Research Program
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Understanding and Forecasting the Response of Pacific Walrus Populations to a Diminishing Sea Ice Environment
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: website
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, AK
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Online_Linkage: http://alaska.usgs.gov/portal/project.php?project_id=96
Description:
Abstract:
We summarize available information on Pacific walrus haulouts from available reports, interviews with coastal residents and aviators, and personal observations of the authors. We provide this in the form of a georeferenced database that may be queried and displayed with standard geographic information system and database management software. The database contains 150 records of Pacific walrus haulouts, with a summary of basic characteristics on maximum haulout size, age-sex composition, season of use, and decade of most recent use. Citations to reports are provided as a bibliographic database.
Purpose:
These data were compiled to provide resource managers with a consolidated and comprehensive source of information about location, history and summary characteristics of reported Pacific walrus haulouts throughout their range.
Supplemental_Information:
The database consists of a set of interrelated digital files, including the geographic representation of the haulouts and a bibliographic database of the reports cited for each haulout record. The georeferenced component of the database is provided in two digitally accessible forms: one intended for display and query in a Geographic Information System (GIS), and another for display and query in a virtual globe. The form of the database intended for display and query in a GIS is provided in two file formats: a tabular comma separated value (CSV) file (PacificWalrusHauloutDatabase.csv) and a shape file (PacificWalrusHauloutsDatabaseLinearFeatures.shp). The CSV file is encoded using the UTF-8 character encoding and can include all fields of the database, including the Cyrillic script field containing Russian language names of the haulouts. The shape file contains a geographic representation of spatial lines representing haulouts that are depicted as linear features. Linear features contained in the shape file may be linked back to the full record of the haulout contained within the CSV file based on a key field. The form of the database intended for display and query in a virtual globe is provided as a single keyhole markup language (KML) file (PacificWalrusHauloutDatabase.kml) that contains all points and linear features, including the Cyrillic script field with the Russian language names of the haulouts. The KML file can be viewed in a virtual globe such as Google Earth (http://www.google.com/earth/), Marble (http://marble.kde.org/), or World Wind (http://worldwind.arc.nasa.gov/java/). The bibliographic component of the database (the file PacificWalrusHauloutDatabaseBibliography_DS.RIS) provides a listing of all reports cited in the database. This machine readable bibliographic data file is a complete copy of the citations listed in appendix A of the summary report.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1852
Ending_Date: 2016
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
The coasts of the Bering, Chukchi, southern Beaufort, and eastern East Siberian Seas
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 159.908022
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -147.9605
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 71.602669
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 53.26667
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: haulout
Theme_Keyword: coast
Theme_Keyword: Arctic
Theme_Keyword: marine
Theme_Keyword: marine mammals
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO
Theme_Keyword: biota
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Bering Sea
Place_Keyword: Chukchi Sea
Place_Keyword: Beaufort Sea
Place_Keyword: East Siberian Sea
Place_Keyword: Russian Far East
Place_Keyword: Chukotka
Place_Keyword: Kamchatka
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Arctic Ocean
Place_Keyword: Pacific Ocean
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: coastal
Stratum_Keyword: shore
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Taxonomic_Keywords: Walruses
Taxonomic_Keywords: Pacific Walruses
Taxonomic_Keywords: Odobenus rosmarus divergens
Taxonomic_Keywords: marine mammals
Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: mammals
Taxonomic_Keywords: vertebrates
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Illiger, J. C.
Publication_Date: 1815
Title:
Üeberblick der Säugethiere nach ihrer Vertheilung über die Welttheile. [A review of mammal distribution on a world basis]
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Abhandlung Physkaler Klasse der Koniglich-Pruessische Academie der Wissenschaft
Issue_Identification: 1804-1811
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Berlin
Publisher: Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin
Other_Citation_Details: pp 39-159
Taxonomic_Procedures:
Taxonomy of the study species was accepted from the available reports, personal communications and personal observations with the assurance that the only walrus sub-species observed to date within the study area is the Pacific walrus. Aerial observations of Pacific walrus coastal haulouts were only accepted if the observers clearly indicated that the observations could not be confused with coastal haulouts of sea lions, or harbor and ice seals.
Taxonomic_Completeness:
Polar bears are easily distinguishable from other species by physical characteristics and habitat use patterns. In most cases, species was confirmed genetically.
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Applicable_Common_Name: animals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Applicable_Common_Name: chordates
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mammalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Theria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eutheria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carnivora
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caniformia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odobenidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odobenus
Applicable_Common_Name: Walruses
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odobenus rosmarus divergens
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific walrus
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
It is requested that the authors and the USGS Alaska Science Center be cited for any subsequent publications that reference this dataset. It is strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data to evaluate data set limitations, restrictions or intended use. It is the responsibility of the user to use the data appropriately and consistent with the limitations of the data in general and these data in particular.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (907) 786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
Nikita Platonov, Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fischbach, A.S.
Originator: Kochnev, A.A.
Originator: Garlich-Miller, J.L.
Originator: Jay, C.V.
Publication_Date: 2016
Title:
Pacific Walrus Coastal Haulout Database, 1852–2016—Background Report
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Peer Reviewed Report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2016–1108
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: 27 p.
Online_Linkage: http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161108

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Please refer to the Open File Report (Pacific Walrus Coastal Haulout Database, 1852–2016—Background Report referenced in the cross-reference section of this metadata report) for details on the data collection and compilation effort.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Please refer to the Open File Report (Pacific Walrus Coastal Haulout Database, 1852–2016—Background Report referenced in the cross-reference section of this metadata report) for details on the data collection and compilation effort.
Completeness_Report:
Pacific walrus haulouts information was summarized from available reports, interviews with coastal residents and aviators, and personal observations of the authors. This dataset contains a summary of basic characteristics on maximum haulout size, age-sex composition, season of use, and decade of most recent use.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
We assigned a geographic location to each haulout based on available data sources, and adjusted the location based on publicly available geo-referenced imagery (Digital Globe, Longmont, Colorado, USA, viewed through the virtual digital globe geographical information system Google Earth TM ). Spatial accuracy varies among the haulout records, but is generally within 5 kilometers of the actual reported haulout location.
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Scholarly compilation
Methodology_Description:
Data on Pacific haulout locations and their historical use was compiled from available data sources and entered into a Microsoft Access database.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
We exported a comma separated value file encoded in UTF-8 that contained all fields within the database. We used the plotKML contributed package in r (plotKML v 0.5-6; http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/plotKML accessed 16 April 2016) to construct a Keyhole Markup Language file from the database with all fields including the Cyrillic script field containing the Russian language names of the haulout locations. We used the ESRI software ArcGIS (v 10.1) to digitize coastal linear features represented haulouts that occurred along an extended coastline.
Process_Date: Unknown

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 150
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: String
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 18
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: String
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 18

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Ellipsoid_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.25722210088

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: PacificWalrusHauloutDatabase.csv
Entity_Type_Definition:
Comma separated value UTF-8 tabulation. This file contains all fields of the database in tabular format, including both the Latin script and the Cyrillic script fields of the database. Each record represents a single haulout with details on its geography, history and summary characteristics.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source:
The data contents are defined by USGS. The data structure follows Shafranovich (2005). Shafranovich, Y. (2005). Common Format and MIME Type for Comma-Separated Values (CSV) Files. The Internet Society, Network Working Group 4180 (https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4180)
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PK
Attribute_Definition:
Primary key uniquely identifying each haulout record with an integer value that may be used to link this record to linear features within a GIS context.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Name
Attribute_Definition:
Primary name used to reference the haulout in English language reports.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AlternateName
Attribute_Definition:
Alternate names used to reference the haulout in English language reports. Each alternative name is separated by a semi-colon.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: RU_Name
Attribute_Definition:
Primary names used to reference the haulout in Russian language reports.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Country
Attribute_Definition:
Abbreviation of the country on whose shores the haulout is found.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: RU
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Russian Federation
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: US
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: United States of America
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sea
Attribute_Definition: Name of the sea on which shores the haulout is found.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Beaufort
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Beaufort Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Bering
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Chukchi
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Chukchi Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: East Siberian
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: East Siberian Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: North Pacific
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: North Pacific Ocean
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Region
Attribute_Definition: Name of the region in which the haulout is found.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Alaska Peninsula
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast extending from the mouth of Naknek River to Cape Sarichef in the south-eastern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Aleutian Islands
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Islands extending from the Alaska Peninsula out to and including the Commander Islands
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Beaufort Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Coast extending east of Point Barrow
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Bering Strait and Chirikov Basin
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The region north of Saint Lawrence Island encompassing Cape Chaplina, the Bering Strait, and Sledge Island in the northern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Bristol Bay
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast between Cape Newenham and the Naknek River in the south-eastern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Central Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coasts of Saint Matthew and Hall Islands in the central Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: East Siberian coast
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Coast west of Long Strait in the eastern East Siberian Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Eastern Chukchi Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Eastern coast of the Chukchi Sea north of Kotzebue Sound
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Gulf of Anadyr
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast between Cape Chukotskiy and Cape Navarin in the north-western Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Kamchatka
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Western coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula south of Cape Anana in the south-western Bering Sea and north Pacific Ocean
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Koryak Coast
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast of the Koryak mountains between Cape Anana and Cape Navarin in the western Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Kotzebue Sound
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast between Cape Krusenstern and Cape Espenberg in the south-eastern Chukchi Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Kuskokwim Bay
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast at the mouth of the Kuskokwim River between Cape Newenham and the village of Kipnik
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Norton Sound
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast between the mouth of the Yukon River and the town of Nome in the north-eastern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Nunivak Island
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Coast of Nunivak Island in the eastern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Pribilof Islands
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Pribilof Islands in the central Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Saint Lawrence Island
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Saint Lawrence and Punuk Islands in the northern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Western Chukchi Coast
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Russian coast west of the Bering Strait and east of Long Strait in the western Chukchi Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Wrangel Island area
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast of Wrangel Island and adjacent islands in the western Chukchi and eastern East Siberian Seas
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lon
Attribute_Definition: Longitude expressed in decimal degrees east of Greenwich
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lat
Attribute_Definition: Latitude expressed in decimal degrees north of the equator
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Notes
Attribute_Definition:
Notes describing the haulout location and history of use with citations to original reports, as well as personal communications and observations of the authors
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OrderOfLargestUse
Attribute_Definition:
Order of magnitude of the maximum number of walruses reported (0 to 5 on the log10 scale, indicating the range from less than 10 to over 100,000)
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: The maximum number of walruses was not reported.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Fewer than 10 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 10 and fewer than 100 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 100 and fewer than 1,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 10,000 and fewer than 100,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 100,000 walruses or more reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LargestUse
Attribute_Definition:
Order of magnitude of the maximum number of walruses reported (0 to 5 on the log10 scale, indicating the range from less than 10 to over 100,000)
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Not Reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: The maximum number of walruses was not reported.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Fewer than 10 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Fewer than 10 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: At least 10 and fewer than 100 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 10 and fewer than 100 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: At least 100 and fewer than 1,000 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 100 and fewer than 1,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: At least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: At least 10,000 and fewer than 100,000 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 10,000 and fewer than 100,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: more than 100,000 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 100,000 walruses or more reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DecadeOfMostRecentReportedUse
Attribute_Definition: The decade of the most recent reported haulout use
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: HerdCompositions
Attribute_Definition: The reported composition of walruses using the haulout.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Predominately males
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Predominately males were reported at the haulout.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: not reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No herd composition is reported for the haulout.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Mixed age and sex classes
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Both males, adult females and their young are reported at the haulout.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Predominately females and dependent calves
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Predominately females and dependent calves are reported at the haulout.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Use_in_Jan_Feb_Mar
Attribute_Definition: Haulout use reported during the months of January through March
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Yes, haulout use was reported during the months of January through March.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
No, haulout use was not reported during the months of January through March.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Use_in_Apr_May_Jun
Attribute_Definition: Haulout use reported during the months of April through June
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Yes, haulout use was reported during the months of April through June.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
No, haulout use was not reported during the months of April through June.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Use_in_Jul_Aug_Sep
Attribute_Definition:
Haulout use reported during the months of July through September
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Yes, haulout use was reported during the months of July through September.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
No, haulout use was not reported during the months of July through September.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Use_in_Oct_Nov_Dec
Attribute_Definition:
Haulout use reported during the months of October through December
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Yes, haulout use was reported during the months of October through December.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
No, haulout use was not reported during the months of October through December.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LinearFeature
Attribute_Definition:
Is this haulout described with a linear feature? Some have repeatedly formed along an extended stretch of coastline and are best presented as a linear geographic feature in addition to a point feature.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Yes, the haulout is described with a linear feature.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No, the haulout is not described with a linear feature.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: PacificWalrusHauloutsDatabaseLinearFeatures.shp
Entity_Type_Definition:
Digital Geographic Information System representation of linear features of haulouts that required a linear feature for their geographic representation.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: http://www.gdal.org/drv_shapefile.html
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI, also known as Environmental Systems Research Institute founded 1969 in Redlands, California
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI, also known as Environmental Systems Research Institute founded 1969 in Redlands, California
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Coordinates defining the features in the coordinate system defined for the overall dataset.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Id
Attribute_Definition:
Integer identifier used to link linear features to tabular data in the PacificWalrusHauloutDatabase.csv table.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Values assigned by data producer during the digitizing of the linear coastal features.
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: PacificWalrusHauloutDatabase.KML
Entity_Type_Definition:
Keyhole Markup Language file containing all fields of the database in tabular format, including the Cyrillic script field (Русскоеназвание) that contains the Russian language name of the haulout. Each record represents a single haulout with details on it's geography, history and summary characteristics. Each haulout is represented as a point, and haulouts that are represented as linear features are also represented with a linear feature within this file.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PK
Attribute_Definition:
Primary key uniquely identifying each haulout record with an integer value that may be used to link this record to linear features within a GIS context.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Name
Attribute_Definition:
Primary name used to reference the haulout in English language reports.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AlternateName
Attribute_Definition:
Alternate names used to reference the haulout in English language reports. Each alternative name is separated by a semi-colon.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Русское название
Attribute_Definition:
Primary names used to reference the haulout in Russian language reports.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Country
Attribute_Definition:
Abbreviation of the country on whose shores the haulout is found.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: RU
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Russian Federation
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: US
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: United States of America
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sea
Attribute_Definition: Name of the sea on which shores the haulout is found.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Beaufort
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Beaufort Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Bering
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Chukchi
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Chukchi Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: East Siberian
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: East Siberian Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: North Pacific
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: North Pacific Ocean
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Region
Attribute_Definition: Name of the region in which the haulout is found.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Alaska Peninsula
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast extending from the mouth of Naknek River to Cape Sarichef in the south-eastern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Aleutian Islands
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Islands extending from the Alaska Peninsula out to and including the Commander Islands
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Beaufort Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Coast extending east of Point Barrow
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Bering Strait and Chirikov Basin
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The region north of Saint Lawrence Island encompassing Cape Chaplina, the Bering Strait, and Sledge Island in the northern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Bristol Bay
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast between Cape Newenham and the Naknek River in the south-eastern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Central Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coasts of Saint Matthew and Hall Islands in the central Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: East Siberian coast
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Coast west of Long Strait in the eastern East Siberian Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Eastern Chukchi Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Eastern coast of the Chukchi Sea north of Kotzebue Sound
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Gulf of Anadyr
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast between Cape Chukotskiy and Cape Navarin in the north-western Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Kamchatka
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Western coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula south of Cape Anana in the south-western Bering Sea and north Pacific Ocean
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Koryak Coast
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast of the Koryak mountains between Cape Anana and Cape Navarin in the western Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Kotzebue Sound
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast between Cape Krusenstern and Cape Espenberg in the south-eastern Chukchi Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Kuskokwim Bay
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast at the mouth of the Kuskokwim River between Cape Newenham and the village of Kipnik
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Norton Sound
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast between the mouth of the Yukon River and the town of Nome in the north-eastern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Nunivak Island
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Coast of Nunivak Island in the eastern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Pribilof Islands
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Pribilof Islands in the central Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Saint Lawrence Island
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Saint Lawrence and Punuk Islands in the northern Bering Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Western Chukchi Coast
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Russian coast west of the Bering Strait and east of Long Strait in the western Chukchi Sea
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Wrangel Island area
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Coast of Wrangel Island and adjacent islands in the western Chukchi and eastern East Siberian Seas
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lon
Attribute_Definition: Longitude expressed in decimal degrees east of Greenwich
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lat
Attribute_Definition: Latitude expressed in decimal degrees north of the equator
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Notes
Attribute_Definition:
Notes describing the haulout location and history of use with citations to original reports, as well as personal communications and observations of the authors
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OrderOfLargestUse
Attribute_Definition:
Order of magnitude of the maximum number of walruses reported (0 to 5 on the log10 scale, indicating the range from less than 10 to over 100,000)
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: The maximum number of walruses was not reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Fewer than 10 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 10 and fewer than 100 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 100 and fewer than 1,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 10,000 and fewer than 100,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 100,000 walruses or more reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LargestUse
Attribute_Definition:
Order of magnitude of the maximum number of walruses reported (0 to 5 on the log10 scale, indicating the range from less than 10 to over 100,000)
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Not Reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: The maximum number of walruses was not reported.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Fewer than 10 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Fewer than 10 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: At least 10 and fewer than 100 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 10 and fewer than 100 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: At least 100 and fewer than 1,000 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 100 and fewer than 1,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: At least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: At least 10,000 and fewer than 100,000 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: At least 10,000 and fewer than 100,000 walruses reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: more than 100,000 walruses
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: 100,000 walruses or more reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DecadeOfMostRecentReportedUse
Attribute_Definition: The decade of the most recent reported haulout use
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Domain not known
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: HerdCompositions
Attribute_Definition: The reported composition of walruses using the haulout
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Predominately males
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Predominately males were reported at the haulout.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: not reported
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No herd composition is reported for the haulout.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Mixed age and sex classes
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Both males, adult females and their young are reported at the haulout.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Predominately females and dependent calves
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Predominately females and dependent calves are reported at the haulout.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Use_in_Jan_Feb_Mar
Attribute_Definition: Haulout use reported during the months of January through March
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Yes, haulout use was reported during the months of January through March.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
No, haulout use was not reported during the months of January through March.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Use_in_Apr_May_Jun
Attribute_Definition: Haulout use reported during the months of April through June
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Yes, haulout use was reported during the months of April through June.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
No, haulout use was not reported during the months of April through June.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Use_in_Jul_Aug_Sep
Attribute_Definition:
Haulout use reported during the months of July through September
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Yes, haulout use was reported during the months of July through September.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
No, haulout use was not reported during the months of July through September.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Use_in_Oct_Nov_Dec
Attribute_Definition:
Haulout use reported during the months of October through December
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Yes, haulout use was reported during the months of October through December.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
No, haulout use was not reported during the months of October through December.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: PacificWalrusHauloutDatabaseBibliography_DS.RIS
Entity_Type_Definition:
Machine readable bibliography of the reports cited in the Pacific Walrus Coastal Haulout Database. This bibliography contains 151 citations for reports cited in the Pacific Walrus Coastal Haulout Database. Within the Pacific Walrus Coastal Haulout Database each haulout record includes a narrative summary of reports that mention the haulout along with citations to the reports listed in the bibliography. This machine readable bibliography is provided to enable the use of the biobliography records in bibliographic managment software; and is a complete copy of the bibliography provided as appendix A to the open file report (USGS OFR 2016-110, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161108). The RIS file format was developed by Research Information Systems, which produced the bibliographic management software Refman, and was later acquired by Thomson ISI ResearchSoft. The file format and encoding specification for the RIS file is available from Thomson Reuters at http://refman.com/support/risformat_intro.asp and also available through Wikipedia at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RIS_(file_format).
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
The database consists of a set of interrelated digital files (PacificWalrusHauloutDatabase.csv, PacificWalrusHauloutsDatabaseLinearFeatures.shp, PacificWalrusHauloutDatabase.KML, and PacificWalrusHauloutDatabaseBibliography_DS.RIS). The georeferenced component of the database is provided in two digitally accessible forms: one intended for display and query in a Geographic Information System (GIS), and another for display and query in a virtual globe. The form of the database intended for display and query in a GIS is provided in two file formats: a tabular comma separated value or CSV file (PacificWalrusHauloutDatabase.csv) and a shape file (PacificWalrusHauloutsDatabaseLinearFeatures.shp). The CSV file is encoded using the UTF-8 character encoding and can include all fields of the database, including the Cyrillic script field containing Russian language names of the haulouts. The shape file contains a geographic representation of spatial lines representing haulouts that are depicted as linear features. Linear features contained in the shape file may be linked back to the full record of the haulout contained within the CSV file based on a key field.

The form of the database intended for display and query in a virtual globe is provided as a single keyhole markup language or KML file (PacificWalrusHauloutDatabase.KML) that contains all points and linear features, including he Cyrillic script field with the Russian language names of the haulouts. The KML file can be viewed in a virtual globe such as Google Earth (http://www.google.com/earth/), Marble (http://marble.kde.org/), or World Wind (http://worldwind.arc.nasa.gov/java/).

In addition to the haulout geographic database files, we provided a machine-readable bibliographic file that is a full copy of the references cited in the database (n = 151, PacificWalrusHauloutDatabaseBibliography_DS.RIS). Bibliographic data management software is required to display and manipulate the citations in the machine readable bibliographic file. However, a full listing of these references is provided in a standard bibliographic listing format in Appendix A of the USGS Open File Report (USGS OFR 2016-110, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161108).
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: Producer

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Position: Data Management
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (907)786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Resource_Description:
CSV and KML of the U.S. Geological Survey Pacific Walrus Coastal Haulout Database.
Distribution_Liability:
Unless otherwise stated, all data, metadata and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. Although these data and associated metadata have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness and approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: CSV,KML,shapefile
Format_Version_Date: 2015
File_Decompression_Technique: No compression applied
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7RX994P
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20160627
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: USGS Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: United States of America
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (907) 786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999

Generated by mp version 2.9.33 on Wed Jul 6 10:54:44 2016