Resting Metabolic Rates of a Captive Adult Female Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) at the San Diego Zoo.

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Pagano, Anthony M. (ORCID:0000-0003-2176-0909)
Publication_Date: 2018
Title:
Resting Metabolic Rates of a Captive Adult Female Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) at the San Diego Zoo.
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, AK
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Other_Citation_Details:
Suggested citation: Pagano, Anthony M., 2018, Resting Metabolic Rates of a Captive Adult Female Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) at the San Diego Zoo: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/F7XW4H0P.
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7XW4H0P
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USGS Alaska Science Center, Polar Bear Research Program
Publication_Date: 2013
Title:
Changing Arctic Ecosystems: The effects of declining sea ice on polar bear behaviors and energetic rates
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: website
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, AK
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Online_Linkage: https://alaska.usgs.gov/portal/project.php?project_id=379
Description:
Abstract:
This dataset contains measures of oxygen consumption from an adult female polar bear resting in a metabolic chamber.
Purpose:
These data were collected to gain insights into the energy expenditure of adult female polar bears.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20170205
Ending_Date: 20170208
Currentness_Reference: observed
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: San Diego Zoo
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -117.1611
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -117.1611
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 32.7157
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 32.7157
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:ASC157
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Biocomplexity Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Animals
Theme_Keyword: Marine mammals
Theme_Keyword: Metabolism
Theme_Keyword: Bioenergetics
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NASA GCMD Earth Science Keywords Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: mammals
Theme_Keyword: vertebrates
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Theme_Keyword: Ursus maritimus
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Taxonomic_Keywords: single species
Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: vertebrates
Taxonomic_Keywords: mammals
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Alfred L. Gardner
Originator: W. Christopher Wozencraft
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title: Ursus maritimus Phipps, 1774
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: profile
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Integrated Taxonomic Classification System
Issue_Identification: 180542
Online_Linkage:
Taxonomic_Procedures: none
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mammalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carnivora
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus maritimus
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
For purposes of publication or dissemination, citations or credit should be given to the author and the U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center. It is strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data to evaluate limitations, restrictions or intended use.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Pagano, Anthony M.
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Data_Set_Credit: San Diego Zoo
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Pagano, Anthony M.
Originator: Durner, George M.
Originator: Rode, Karyn D.
Originator: Atwood, Todd C.
Originator: Atkinson, Stephen N.
Originator: Peacock, Elizabeth
Originator: Costa, Daniel P.
Originator: Owen, Megan A.
Originator: Williams, Terrie M.
Publication_Date: 2018
Title:
High-energy, high-fat lifestyle challenges an Arctic apex predator, the polar bear
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, D.C.
Publisher: Science
Other_Citation_Details:
Science 02 Feb 2018: Vol. 359, Issue 6375, pp. 568-572
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aan8677
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The entire O2 system was calibrated prior to measurements with dry ambient air (20.95% O2) and on 2 of the 3 days with dry N2 gas.
Logical_Consistency_Report: Not applicable.
Completeness_Report: Data set is considered complete for the information presented.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Not applicable.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Not applicable.
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
Fractional concentration of oxgyen measured by an oxygen analyzer. Air was pulled from a metabolic chamber using a vacuum pump (FlowKit Mass Flow Controller, Sable Systems International, Inc., Las Vegas, NV) at 450 – 500 L•min-1. Sub-samples of air from the exhaust port of the chamber were drawn through a series of 6 columns, bi-alternatingly filled with desiccant (Drierite, W. A. Hammond Drierite, Xenia, OH) and scrubbed of carbon dioxide (Sodasorb, W.R. Grace & Co, Chicago, IL) before entering the oxygen analyzer (Sable Systems International, Inc.).
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Lighton, J.R.B.
Publication_Date: 2008
Title: Measuring Metabolic Rates: a Manual for Scientists
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Book
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: New York, NY
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The fractional concentration of oxgyen was measured by an oxygen analyzer (Sable Systems International, Inc., Las Vegas, NV) while an adult female polar bear laid in sternal recumbency and rested for 11-13 minutes while receiving food (i.e., meat and fish) every 20 seconds. Food intake per session ranged from 728 – 963 g. We calibrated the entire system prior to measurements with dry ambient air (20.95% O2) and on 2 of the 3 days with dry N2 gas.
Process_Date: Unknown
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: San Diego Zoo
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: PolarBear_resting_metabolic_rate_data_2017
Entity_Type_Definition:
Percent oxygen concentration measures from an adult female polar bear.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Body_Mass
Attribute_Definition: Total body mass of the bear in kg.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 264
Range_Domain_Maximum: 264
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: kg.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Air_Temperature
Attribute_Definition:
Air temperature within the metabolic chamber during measurements.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 15.9
Range_Domain_Maximum: 16.6
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: degrees Celsius
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Relative_Humidity
Attribute_Definition:
Relative humidity within the metabolic chamber during measurements.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 86.3
Range_Domain_Maximum: 99.9
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: %
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Pressure
Attribute_Definition: Barometric pressure recorded during measurements.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 758.2
Range_Domain_Maximum: 760.8
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: mmHg (Torr)
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Flow_Rate
Attribute_Definition:
Measured excurrent flow rate at standard temperature pressure (STP).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 450
Range_Domain_Maximum: 500
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Liters/Minute
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FI_O2_Start
Attribute_Definition:
Fractional concentration of oxygen at the start of the experiment.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 20.944
Range_Domain_Maximum: 20.955
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: %
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FI_O2_End
Attribute_Definition: Fractional concentration of oxygen following the experiment.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 20.912
Range_Domain_Maximum: 20.962
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: %
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FEO2
Attribute_Definition:
Mean fractional concentration of oxygen during the resting measurement.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 20.683
Range_Domain_Maximum: 20.740
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: %
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Comma-separated values tabular data file.
Distribution_Liability:
Although used by the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the U.S. government as to the accuracy of the data nor shall the fact of distribution constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in connection therewith. It is strongly recommended that the data described or contained herein be acquired directly from the U. S. Geological Survey and not indirectly through some other sources which may have changed the data in some way. Any use of trade, firm or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data, and aggregate use with other data. These data files and any derived products are not legal documents and are not intended to be used as such.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: CSV
Format_Version_Number: None
File_Decompression_Technique: Winzip
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7XW4H0P
Access_Instructions:
You will be prompted to open or save a zipped file. When you open, you will specify a location to unzip the files to.
Fees: None
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20201125
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999

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