Doubly-labeled Water, Deuterium Dilution, Body Mass, and Blood Biochemistry Data from Female Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) in the Southern Beaufort Sea by the USGS in April 2014-2016

Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Pagano, Anthony M. (ORCID:0000-0003-2176-0909)
Publication_Date: 2018
Title:
Doubly-labeled Water, Deuterium Dilution, Body Mass, and Blood Biochemistry Data from Female Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) in the Southern Beaufort Sea by the USGS in April 2014-2016
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, AK
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Other_Citation_Details:
Suggested citation: Pagano, Anthony M., 2018, Doubly-labeled Water, Deuterium Dilution, Body Mass, and Blood Biochemistry Data from Female Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) in the Southern Beaufort Sea by the USGS in April 2014-2016: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/F7XW4H0P.
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7XW4H0P
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USGS Alaska Science Center, Polar Bear Research Program
Publication_Date: 2013
Title:
Changing Arctic Ecosystems: The effects of declining sea ice on polar bear behaviors and energetic rates
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: website
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, AK
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Online_Linkage: https://alaska.usgs.gov/portal/project.php?project_id=379
Description:
Abstract:
This dataset contains specific activity measures of deuterium oxide and oxygen-18, body mass, and blood biochemistry (blood urea nitrogen and creatinine) data for 9 female polar bears without dependent young in the southern Beaufort Sea in April 2014-2016.
Purpose:
These data were collected to gain insights into the spring field metabolic rate, body composition, and feeding success of female polar bears without dependent young in the southern Beaufort Sea.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20140407
Ending_Date: 20160421
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: southern Beaufort Sea
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -161.47
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -141.00
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 72.60
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 70.30
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:ASC155
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Biocomplexity Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Animals
Theme_Keyword: Marine mammals
Theme_Keyword: Metabolism
Theme_Keyword: Bioenergetics
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NASA GCMD Earth Science Keywords Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: mammals
Theme_Keyword: vertebrates
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Theme_Keyword: Ursus maritimus
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: southern Beaufort Sea
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Taxonomic_Keywords: single species
Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: vertebrates
Taxonomic_Keywords: mammals
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Alfred L. Gardner
Originator: W. Christopher Wozencraft
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title: Ursus maritimus Phipps, 1774
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: profile
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Integrated Taxonomic Classification System
Issue_Identification: 180542
Online_Linkage:
Taxonomic_Procedures: none
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mammalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carnivora
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus maritimus
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
For purposes of publication or dissemination, citations or credit should be given to the author and the U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center. It is strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data to evaluate limitations, restrictions or intended use.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Pagano, Anthony M.
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Pagano, Anthony M.
Originator: Durner, George M.
Originator: Rode, Karyn D.
Originator: Atwood, Todd C.
Originator: Atkinson, Stephen N.
Originator: Peacock, Elizabeth
Originator: Costa, Daniel P.
Originator: Owen, Megan A.
Originator: Williams, Terrie M.
Publication_Date: 2018
Title:
High-energy, high-fat lifestyle challenges an Arctic apex predator, the polar bear
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, D.C.
Publisher: Science
Other_Citation_Details:
Science 02 Feb 2018: Vol. 359, Issue 6375, pp. 568-572
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aan8677
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Measures of specific activity were made by Metabolic Solutions, Inc. (Nashua, NH, USA).
Logical_Consistency_Report: Not applicable.
Completeness_Report:
Data set is considered complete for the information presented. Bears in 2015 and 2016 were dosed with deuterium oxide at recapture. Bears in 2014 were not dosed with deuterium oxide at recapture.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Not applicable.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Not applicable.
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
Specific activity of deuterium oxide and oxygen-18 in serum samples collected from 9 female polar bears without dependent young captured in April 2014-2016 were measured by Metabolic Solutions, Inc. (Nashua, NH).
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Thorsen, T., T. Shriver, N. Racine, B.A. Richman, and D. A. Schoeller
Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
Doubly labeled water analysis using cavity ring-down spectroscopy
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Malden, MA
Publisher: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Other_Citation_Details: 1:3-8
Online_Linkage: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4795
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
Clinical serum chemistry parameters of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine were measured from 9 female polar bears without dependent young captured in April 2014-2016.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Norberg, S.E., V.N. Burkanov, and R.D. Andrews
Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Serum chemistry values of free-ranging, lactating northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Lawrence, KS
Publisher: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Other_Citation_Details: 45:843-848
Online_Linkage: http://dx.doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-45.3.843
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
Bears that had not been previously captured were aged based on counts of cementum annuli from an extracted vestigial premolar.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Calvert, W., M.A. Ramsay
Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
Evaluation of age determination of polar bears by counts of cementum growth layer groups
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: USA
Publisher: Ursus
Other_Citation_Details: 10:449-453
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
To measure the specific activity of deuterium oxide and oxygen-18 in serum samples, we immobilized 9 female polar bears without dependent young. Following immobilization, we inserted an external jugular catheter to facilitate blood sampling and administration of isotopes. An initial blood sample was collected to serve as a baseline measure of 18O (oxygen-18) and 2H (deuterium). The bear was then injected intravenously with a precisely weighed dose containing 0.12 – 0.25 g/kg of 97% enriched 18O (Isoflex USA, San Francisco, CA) and 0.06 – 0.10 g/kg of 99.9% enriched 2H (Isotec, Inc., Miamisburg, OH or Cambridge Isotope Laboratories, Inc., Tewksbury, MA) with NaCl added to make it 0.9% isotonic and sterilized using a 0.2 µ Millipore filter. On injection, the syringe was back washed with blood three times to ensure all the DLW had been injected into the bear. The bear was kept immobilized for 2 hours after the injection of DLW to allow isotope equilibration. We collected serial blood samples 60, 90, and 120 minutes after dosing. We recaptured bears 8 – 11 days later to obtain a blood sample to measure final enrichment. At recapture, we weighed bears to measure changes in body mass. In 2015 and 2016, we dosed recaptured bears with 0.09 – 0.14 g/kg of 99.9% enriched deuterated water (D2O, Cambridge Isotope Laboratories, Inc.) and collected serial blood samples 60 and 90 minutes after dosing to measure changes in body composition between captures. Blood was collected in 10 ml glass evacuated tubes without anticoagulants (Serum Vacutainer, Becton Dickinson, Franklin Lakes, NJ) and centrifuged to separate serum from red blood cells. Serum was stored frozen in 2 ml cryogenic vials (Corning, Inc., Corning, NY) at -20°C until analysis.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Serum samples were analyzed for the concentrations of 18O and 2H by Metabolic Solutions, Inc. (Nashua, NH).
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
To obtain blood urea nitrogen and creatinine concentrations, serum samples from capture and recapture were analyzed using an Abaxis Vetscan VS2 chemistry analyzer (Abaxis, Inc., Union City, CA). Each sample was analyzed twice with the exception of bears 8 and 9 whose samples were only analyzed once.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Age was determined by counts of cementum annuli from an extracted vestigial premolar by C-D & Associates Biological Consulting (Spruce Grove, AB, Canada).
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
We measured total body mass at each capture using an electronic load cell suspended from an aluminum tripod.
Process_Date: Unknown
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: southern Beaufort Sea
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Ellipsoid_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257223563
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label:
PolarBear_doubly-labeled_water_and_blood_biochemistry_southernBeaufortSea_2014_2016
Entity_Type_Definition:
Metabolic rate, body composition, and blood biochemistry from 9 female polar bears in the southern Beaufort Sea in April 2014-2016.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Bear
Attribute_Definition: Sample identifier.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 9
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Capture_Recapture
Attribute_Definition:
Data are from the animal's first capture or from a subsequent recapture.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Capture
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Recapture
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Age
Attribute_Definition: The age of the bear in years.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 3
Range_Domain_Maximum: 22
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: years.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: TBM
Attribute_Definition: Total body mass of the bear in kg.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 126.55
Range_Domain_Maximum: 220.45
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: kg.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Dosage_Datetime
Attribute_Definition:
Date time (mmm dd, yyyy hh:mm) isotopes were injected into the bear in Universal Coordinated Time (UTC).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: Apr 07, 2014 03:11
Range_Domain_Maximum: Apr 21, 2016 18:23
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: UTC.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Final_Enrichment_Datetime
Attribute_Definition:
Date time (mmm dd, yyyy hh:mm) final enrichment of isotopes were measured from the bear via a blood sample in Universal Coordinated Time (UTC).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: Apr 14, 2014 19:26
Range_Domain_Maximum: Apr 21, 2016 18:20
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: UTC.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Background_enrichment_D2O
Attribute_Definition:
Background concentration of deuterium oxide in the bear as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -149.48
Range_Domain_Maximum: 893.68
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Background_enrichment_18O
Attribute_Definition:
Background concentration of oxygen-18 in the bear as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -15.79
Range_Domain_Maximum: -11.89
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: 60min_enrichment_D2O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of deuterium oxide in the bear 60 minutes after injection as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 543.08
Range_Domain_Maximum: 2374.62
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: 60min_enrichment_18O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of oxygen-18 in the bear 60 minutes after injection as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 88.01
Range_Domain_Maximum: 205.21
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: 90min_enrichment_D2O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of deuterium oxide in the bear 90 minutes after injection as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 521.36
Range_Domain_Maximum: 2373.29
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: 90min_enrichment_18O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of oxygen-18 in the bear 90 minutes after injection as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 86.19
Range_Domain_Maximum: 204.66
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: 120min_enrichment_D2O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of deuterium oxide in the bear 120 minutes after injection as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 513.41
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1266.27
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: 120min_enrichment_18O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of oxygen-18 in the bear 120 minutes after injection as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 85.84
Range_Domain_Maximum: 203.64
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Final_enrichment_D2O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of deuterium oxide in the bear at final enrichment as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 168.14
Range_Domain_Maximum: 893.68
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Final_enrichment_18O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of oxygen-18 in the bear at final enrichment as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 15.73
Range_Domain_Maximum: 106.15
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Injectate_enrichment_D2O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of deuterium oxide injected into the bear as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1670.71
Range_Domain_Maximum: 3114.21
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Injectate_enrichment_18O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of oxygen-18 injected into the bear as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 242.57
Range_Domain_Maximum: 336.19
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Tap_enrichment_D2O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of deuterium oxide in a control sample of tap-water as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -70.82
Range_Domain_Maximum: -57.06
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Tap_enrichment_18O
Attribute_Definition:
Concentration of oxygen-18 in a control sample of tap-water as a delta relative to the Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (V-SMOW).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -12.87
Range_Domain_Maximum: -9.75
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Delta vs V-SMOW.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Mass_DLW_injected
Attribute_Definition:
Mass of doubly-labeled water (2H18O) injected into the bear in grams.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 36.22
Range_Domain_Maximum: 54.93
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: grams.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Mass_D2O_injected
Attribute_Definition: Mass of deuterium oxide injected into the bear in grams.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 15.69
Range_Domain_Maximum: 20.14
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: grams.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Mass_sample_injectate
Attribute_Definition:
Mass of doubly-labeled water (2H18O) or deuterium oxide sample that was analyzed to assess concentrations in grams.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.03
Range_Domain_Maximum: 0.06
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: grams.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Mass_tap
Attribute_Definition: Mass of control sample of tap water in grams.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 29.68
Range_Domain_Maximum: 63.11
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: grams.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: BUN_1
Attribute_Definition: Blood urea nitrogen concentration in mg/dl from first analysis.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 2.00
Range_Domain_Maximum: 27.00
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: mg/dl.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CRE_1
Attribute_Definition: Creatinine concentration in mg/dl from first analysis.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.50
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1.15
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: mg/dl.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: BUN_2
Attribute_Definition:
Blood urea nitrogen concentration in mg/dl from second analysis.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 3.00
Range_Domain_Maximum: 28.00
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: mg/dl.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CRE_2
Attribute_Definition: Creatinine concentration in mg/dl from second analysis.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.50
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1.20
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: mg/dl.
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Comma-separated values tabular data file.
Distribution_Liability:
Although used by the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the U.S. government as to the accuracy of the data nor shall the fact of distribution constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in connection therewith. It is strongly recommended that the data described or contained herein be acquired directly from the U. S. Geological Survey and not indirectly through some other sources which may have changed the data in some way. Any use of trade, firm or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data, and aggregate use with other data. These data files and any derived products are not legal documents and are not intended to be used as such.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: CSV
Format_Version_Number: None
File_Decompression_Technique: Winzip
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7XW4H0P
Access_Instructions:
You will be prompted to open or save a zipped file. When you open, you will specify a location to unzip the files to.
Fees: None
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20201125
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999

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