North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database (NPPSD)

Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Gary Drew (ORCID: 0000-0002-6789-0891)
Originator: John Piatt (ORCID: 0000-0002-4417-5748)
Publication_Date: 20200211
Title: North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database (NPPSD)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: NPPSD
Issue_Identification: 3.0
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, AK
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Other_Citation_Details:
Drew, G.S., Piatt, J.F., 2015, North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database (NPPSD): U.S. Geological Survey data release (ver. 3.0, February, 2020), https://doi.org/10.5066/F7WQ01T3.
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7WQ01T3
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John Piatt
Publication_Date: 2002
Title: Seabirds and Forage Fish Ecology Program
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: website
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Alaska Science Portal
Issue_Identification: 11
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, AK
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Other_Citation_Details:
This is a link to the broader USGS Alaska Science Center research project supported by these data. Users will find a description of the research project and links to associated reports, publications, and data products.
Online_Linkage: https://alaska.usgs.gov/portal/project.php?project_id=11
Description:
Abstract:
The North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database (NPPSD) was created in 2005 to consolidate data on the oceanic distribution of marine bird species in the North Pacific. Most of these data were collected using at-sea strip-transect surveys within defined areas and at known locations. The NPPSD also contains observations of other bird species and marine mammals. The original NPPSD combined data from 465 surveys conducted between 1973 and 2002, primarily in waters adjacent to Alaska. These surveys included 61,195 sample transects with location, environment, and metadata information, and the data were organized in a flat-file format. In developing revising the NPPSD (2.0), our goals were to add new datasets, to make significant improvements to database functionality and to provide the database online. The NPPSD 2.0 included data from a broadened geographic range within the North Pacific, including new observations made offshore of the Russian Federation, Japan, Korea, British Columbia (Canada), Oregon, and California. These data were imported into a relational database, proofed, and structured in a common format. The NPPSD 2.0 contained 351,674 samples (transects) collected between 1973 and 2012, representing a total sampled area of 270,259 square kilometers, and extends the time series of samples in some areas-notably the Bering Sea-to four decades. It contained observations of 16,988,138 birds and 235,545 marine mammals. The third edition of the NPPSD database corrects several data duplication errors, updates the taxonomy to the current standard, and added additional data collected since 2012. The NPPSD 3.0 includes 460,2985 samples; a 30% increase in the number of transects. It contains observations of 20,098,635 birds and 365,227 marine mammals. This updated version of the NPPSD database and is available on the USGS Alaska Science Center NPPSD web site. Supplementary materials include an updated set of standardized taxonomic codes, reference maps that show the spatial and temporal distribution of the survey efforts and a downloadable query tool.
Purpose:
To provide data on presence/absence, total numbers and densities, spatial and temporal distribution of seabirds and marine mammals across the North Pacific.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19730627
Ending_Date: 20190726
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
North Pacific, Gulf of Alaska, Bering Sea, Chukchi Sea, Beaufort Sea, Arctic Ocean, Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 129.166667
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -104.968399
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 88.453743
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 0
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:ASC29
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Marine Bird
Theme_Keyword: Marine Mammal
Theme_Keyword: Seabird
Theme_Keyword: Sea Ducks
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NASA GCMD Earth Science Keywords
Theme_Keyword: Birds
Theme_Keyword: Albatross and Allies
Theme_Keyword: Ducks/Geese/Swans
Theme_Keyword: Eagles/Falcons/Hawks and Allies
Theme_Keyword: Grebes
Theme_Keyword: Loons
Theme_Keyword: Pelicans and Allies
Theme_Keyword: Sandpipers
Theme_Keyword: Waders/Gulls/Auks and Allies
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Biocomplexity
Theme_Keyword: Marine Mammals
Theme_Keyword: Aquatic Birds
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Marine Biology
Theme_Keyword: Marine Ecosystems
Theme_Keyword: Population Dynamics
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: North Pacific
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Bering Sea
Place_Keyword: Chukchi Sea
Place_Keyword: Beaufort Sea
Place_Keyword: Arctic Ocean
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: NGIA GeoNames System Geographic Keywords
Place_Keyword: Sea of Japan
Place_Keyword: Sea of Okhotsk
Place_Keyword: Canada
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: marine mammals
Taxonomic_Keywords: seabirds
Taxonomic_Keywords: sea ducks
Taxonomic_Keywords: multiple species
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Classification_System_Modifications:
Over the 47 years represented by the NPPSD v3.0, some common and scientific names have undergone changes.
Identification_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Online
Publisher: ITIS-North America
Other_Citation_Details:
Retrieved (month, day, year)11/6/2019, from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System on-line database, https://www.itis.gov
Online_Linkage: https://www.itis.gov
Taxonomic_Procedures:
Field identifications of seabird and marine mammal species were made by trained observers using standard taxonomic field guides. All taxonomic classifications are based on standards published by ITIS as of 11/6/2019 and available at their web site.
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Applicable_Common_Name: animals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subkingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bilateria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infrakingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Deuterostomia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Applicable_Common_Name: cords
Applicable_Common_Name: cordado
Applicable_Common_Name: chordates
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Applicable_Common_Name: vertebrado
Applicable_Common_Name: vertebrates
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gnathostomata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tetrapoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aves
Applicable_Common_Name: Birds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gaviiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Loons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gaviidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Loons
Applicable_Common_Name: Divers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia
Applicable_Common_Name: Loons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia immer
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Northern Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Northern Diver
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia adamsii
Applicable_Common_Name: Yellow-billed Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: White-billed Diver
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia arctica
Applicable_Common_Name: Arctic Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-throated Loon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia stellata
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-throated Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-throated Diver
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gavia pacifica
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Loon
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Diver
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podicipediformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Grebes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podicipedidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Grebes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podiceps
Applicable_Common_Name: Typical Grebes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podiceps grisegena
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-necked Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podiceps auritus
Applicable_Common_Name: Zambullidor cornudo
Applicable_Common_Name: Horned Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Podiceps nigricollis
Applicable_Common_Name: Eared Grebe
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-necked Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aechmophorus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aechmophorus occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aechmophorus clarkii
Applicable_Common_Name: Clark's Grebe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procellariiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Tube-nosed Swimmers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Diomedeidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Albatrosses
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoebastria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoebastria albatrus
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-tailed Albatross
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoebastria immutabilis
Applicable_Common_Name: Laysan Albatross
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoebastria nigripes
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-footed Albatross
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procellariidae
Applicable_Common_Name: fulmars
Applicable_Common_Name: Fulmars
Applicable_Common_Name: Petrels
Applicable_Common_Name: Shearwaters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fulmarus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fulmarus glacialis
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Fulmar
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus creatopus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pink-footed Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus carneipes
Applicable_Common_Name: Flesh-footed Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus pacificus
Applicable_Common_Name: Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus bulleri
Applicable_Common_Name: Buller's Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus griseus
Applicable_Common_Name: Sooty Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus tenuirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-tailed Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus puffinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Manx Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus auricularis
Applicable_Common_Name: Newell's Townsend's Shearwater
Applicable_Common_Name: Townsend's Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus lherminieri
Applicable_Common_Name: Audubon's Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus nativitatis
Applicable_Common_Name: Christmas Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Puffinus opisthomelas
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-vented Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma inexpectata
Applicable_Common_Name: Mottled Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma arminjoniana
Applicable_Common_Name: Herald Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Trindade Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma neglecta
Applicable_Common_Name: Kermadec Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma externa
Applicable_Common_Name: Juan Fernandez Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma alba
Applicable_Common_Name: Phoenix Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma hypoleuca
Applicable_Common_Name: Bonin Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma nigripennis
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-winged Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma solandri
Applicable_Common_Name: Providence Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma longirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Stejneger's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma leucoptera
Applicable_Common_Name: Gould's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma ultima
Applicable_Common_Name: Murphy's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma cervicalis
Applicable_Common_Name: White-necked Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma cookii
Applicable_Common_Name: Cook's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma pycrofti
Applicable_Common_Name: Pycroft's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pterodroma sandwichensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Hawaiian Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Hawaiian Dark-rumped Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procellaria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procellaria parkinsoni
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Parkinson's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bulweria
Applicable_Common_Name: Bulwer's Petrels
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bulweria bulwerii
Applicable_Common_Name: Bulwer's Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calonectris
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calonectris leucomelas
Applicable_Common_Name: Streaked Shearwater
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydrobatidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Storm Petrels
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanitinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanites
Applicable_Common_Name: Wilson's Storm-Petrels
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanites oceanicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Wilson's Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Wilson's Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydrobatinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma
Applicable_Common_Name: Dark Storm Petrels
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma furcata
Applicable_Common_Name: Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Fork-tailed Storm Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Applicable_Common_Name: Leach's Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Leach's Storm Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma socorroensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Townsend's Storm Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma homochroa
Applicable_Common_Name: Ashy Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Ashy Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma castro
Applicable_Common_Name: Band-rumped Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Band-rumped Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma tethys
Applicable_Common_Name: Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Wedge-rumped Storm Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma melania
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma tristrami
Applicable_Common_Name: Sooty Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Tristram's Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Tristram's Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma monorhis
Applicable_Common_Name: Swinhoe's Storm Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Swinhoe's Storm-Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oceanodroma microsoma
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Storm-Petrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Storm Petrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecaniformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Pelicans
Applicable_Common_Name: Ibises
Applicable_Common_Name: ibis
Applicable_Common_Name: Herons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecanidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Pelicans
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pelicans
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Applicable_Common_Name: American White Pelican
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecanus occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Brown Pelican
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardeidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Bitterns
Applicable_Common_Name: Egrets
Applicable_Common_Name: Herons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardeinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardea
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Herons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardea herodias
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Blue Heron
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardea alba
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Egret
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Butorides
Applicable_Common_Name: Green-backed Herons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Butorides virescens
Applicable_Common_Name: Green Heron
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Egretta
Applicable_Common_Name: Plumed Egrets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Egretta thula
Applicable_Common_Name: Snowy Egret
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Threskiornithidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Ibises
Applicable_Common_Name: Spoonbills
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Threskiornithinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Plegadis
Applicable_Common_Name: Glossy Ibises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anseriformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Ducks
Applicable_Common_Name: Geese
Applicable_Common_Name: Screamers
Applicable_Common_Name: Swans
Applicable_Common_Name: Waterfowl
Applicable_Common_Name: canards
Applicable_Common_Name: cygnes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anatidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Ducks
Applicable_Common_Name: Geese
Applicable_Common_Name: Swans
Applicable_Common_Name: canards
Applicable_Common_Name: cygnes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anserinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cygnus
Applicable_Common_Name: Swans
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cygnus olor
Applicable_Common_Name: Mute Swan
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cygnus columbianus
Applicable_Common_Name: Tundra Swan
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cygnus buccinator
Applicable_Common_Name: Trumpeter Swan
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta
Applicable_Common_Name: Brent Geese
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta canadensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Canada Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta bernicla
Applicable_Common_Name: Brant Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: Brent Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Brant
Applicable_Common_Name: Brant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Branta hutchinsii
Applicable_Common_Name: Cackling Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anser
Applicable_Common_Name: Bean Geese
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anser albifrons
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater White-fronted Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chen
Applicable_Common_Name: Snow Geese
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chen caerulescens
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue Goose
Applicable_Common_Name: Snow Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chen canagica
Applicable_Common_Name: Emperor Goose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anatinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas
Applicable_Common_Name: Dabbling Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas platyrhynchos
Applicable_Common_Name: Mallard
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas rubripes
Applicable_Common_Name: American Black Duck
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas strepera
Applicable_Common_Name: Gadwall
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas acuta
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Pintail
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas crecca
Applicable_Common_Name: Eurasian Teal
Applicable_Common_Name: Green-winged Teal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas discors
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue-winged Teal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas querquedula
Applicable_Common_Name: Garganey
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas americana
Applicable_Common_Name: American Wigeon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas clypeata
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Shoveler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aix
Applicable_Common_Name: Wood Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aix sponsa
Applicable_Common_Name: Wood Duck
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya
Applicable_Common_Name: Diving Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya americana
Applicable_Common_Name: Redhead
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya valisineria
Applicable_Common_Name: Canvasback
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya marila
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Scaup
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aythya affinis
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Scaup
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bucephala
Applicable_Common_Name: Goldeneyes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bucephala clangula
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Goldeneye
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bucephala islandica
Applicable_Common_Name: Barrow's Goldeneye
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bucephala albeola
Applicable_Common_Name: Bufflehead
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clangula
Applicable_Common_Name: Oldsquaws
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clangula hyemalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-tailed Duck
Applicable_Common_Name: Oldsquaw
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Histrionicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Harlequin Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Histrionicus histrionicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Harlequin Duck
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polysticta
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's Eiders
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polysticta stelleri
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's Eider
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Somateria
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Eiders
Applicable_Common_Name: Typical Eiders
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Somateria mollissima
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Eider
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Somateria spectabilis
Applicable_Common_Name: King Eider
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Somateria fischeri
Applicable_Common_Name: Spectacled Eider
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanitta
Applicable_Common_Name: Scoters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanitta fusca
Applicable_Common_Name: Velvet Scoter
Applicable_Common_Name: White-winged Scoter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanitta perspicillata
Applicable_Common_Name: Surf Scoter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanitta nigra
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Scoter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oxyura
Applicable_Common_Name: Stiff-tailed Ducks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oxyura jamaicensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Ruddy Duck
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lophodytes
Applicable_Common_Name: Hooded Mergansers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lophodytes cucullatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Hooded Merganser
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mergus
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Mergansers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mergus merganser
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Merganser
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mergus serrator
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-breasted Merganser
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falconiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Falcons
Applicable_Common_Name: Falconiforms
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falconidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Caracaras
Applicable_Common_Name: Falcons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falconinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco
Applicable_Common_Name: Falcons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco rusticolus
Applicable_Common_Name: Gyrfalcon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco peregrinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Peregrine Falcon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco columbarius
Applicable_Common_Name: Merlin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gruiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Cranes
Applicable_Common_Name: Rails
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gruidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Cranes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gruinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Grus
Applicable_Common_Name: Cranes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Grus canadensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Sandhill Crane
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rallidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Coots
Applicable_Common_Name: Rails
Applicable_Common_Name: Waterhens
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fulica
Applicable_Common_Name: Coots
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fulica americana
Applicable_Common_Name: American Coot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadriiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Shore Birds
Applicable_Common_Name: Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Alcids
Applicable_Common_Name: Plovers
Applicable_Common_Name: Oystercatchers
Applicable_Common_Name: Auks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haematopodidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Oystercatchers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haematopus
Applicable_Common_Name: Oystercatchers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haematopus bachmani
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Oystercatcher
Applicable_Common_Name: American Black Oystercatcher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadriidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Plovers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius
Applicable_Common_Name: Ringed Plovers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius semipalmatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Semipalmated Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius alexandrinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Snowy Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Kentish Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius mongolus
Applicable_Common_Name: Mongolian Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Sand-Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Sand Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pluvialis
Applicable_Common_Name: Golden-Plovers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pluvialis dominica
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Golden-Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: American Golden-Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: American Golden Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pluvialis squatarola
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-bellied Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Grey Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pluvialis fulva
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Golden-Plover
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific Golden Plover
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Scolopacidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Sandpipers
Applicable_Common_Name: Snipes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arenaria
Applicable_Common_Name: Turnstones
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arenaria interpres
Applicable_Common_Name: Ruddy Turnstone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arenaria melanocephala
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Turnstone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Numenius
Applicable_Common_Name: Curlews
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Numenius americanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-billed Curlew
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Numenius phaeopus
Applicable_Common_Name: Whimbrel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bartramia
Applicable_Common_Name: Upland Sandpipers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bartramia longicauda
Applicable_Common_Name: Upland Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actitis
Applicable_Common_Name: Spotted Sandpipers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actitis macularius
Applicable_Common_Name: Spotted Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa
Applicable_Common_Name: Redshanks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa solitaria
Applicable_Common_Name: Solitary Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa glareola
Applicable_Common_Name: Wood Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa melanoleuca
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Yellowlegs
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa flavipes
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Yellowlegs
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa incana
Applicable_Common_Name: Wandering Tattler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tringa semipalmata
Applicable_Common_Name: Willet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris
Applicable_Common_Name: Stints
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris canutus
Applicable_Common_Name: Red Knot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris ptilocnemis
Applicable_Common_Name: Rock Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris acuminata
Applicable_Common_Name: Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris melanotos
Applicable_Common_Name: Pectoral Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris fuscicollis
Applicable_Common_Name: White-rumped Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris bairdii
Applicable_Common_Name: Baird's Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris minutilla
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris alpina
Applicable_Common_Name: Dunlin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris pusilla
Applicable_Common_Name: Semipalmated Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris mauri
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris alba
Applicable_Common_Name: Sanderling
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calidris himantopus
Applicable_Common_Name: Stilt Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aphriza
Applicable_Common_Name: Surfbirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aphriza virgata
Applicable_Common_Name: Surfbird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limnodromus
Applicable_Common_Name: Dowitchers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limnodromus griseus
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-billed Dowitcher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limnodromus scolopaceus
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-billed Dowitcher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tryngites
Applicable_Common_Name: Buff-breasted Sandpipers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tryngites subruficollis
Applicable_Common_Name: Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limosa
Applicable_Common_Name: Godwits
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limosa fedoa
Applicable_Common_Name: Marbled Godwit
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Limosa lapponica
Applicable_Common_Name: Bar-tailed Godwit
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gallinago
Applicable_Common_Name: Snipes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gallinago gallinago
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Snipe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gallinago delicata
Applicable_Common_Name: Wilson's Snipe
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalaropus
Applicable_Common_Name: Phalaropes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalaropus fulicarius
Applicable_Common_Name: Red Phalarope
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalaropus lobatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-necked Phalarope
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorariidae
Applicable_Common_Name: sternes
Applicable_Common_Name: Skuas
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius
Applicable_Common_Name: Jaegers
Applicable_Common_Name: Skuas
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius pomarinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pomarine Jaeger
Applicable_Common_Name: Pomarine Skua
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius parasiticus
Applicable_Common_Name: Parasitic Jaeger
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius longicaudus
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-tailed Jaeger
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stercorarius maccormicki
Applicable_Common_Name: South Polar Skua
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Laridae
Applicable_Common_Name: Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Terns
Applicable_Common_Name: Skimmers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus
Applicable_Common_Name: Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Ivory Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Kittiwakes
Applicable_Common_Name: Ross' Gulls
Applicable_Common_Name: Sabine's Gulls
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus hyperboreus
Applicable_Common_Name: Glaucous Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus glaucoides
Applicable_Common_Name: Iceland Gull
Applicable_Common_Name: Thayer's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus glaucescens
Applicable_Common_Name: Glaucous-winged Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus marinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Black-backed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus schistisagus
Applicable_Common_Name: Slaty-backed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus argentatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Herring Gull
Applicable_Common_Name: European Herring Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus thayeri
Applicable_Common_Name: Thayer's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus californicus
Applicable_Common_Name: California Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus delawarensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Ring-billed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus crassirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-tailed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus canus
Applicable_Common_Name: Mew Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus heermanni
Applicable_Common_Name: Heermann's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Larus dominicanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Kelp Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhodostethia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhodostethia rosea
Applicable_Common_Name: Ross's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Xema
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Xema sabini
Applicable_Common_Name: Sabine's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rissa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rissa brevirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-legged Kittiwake
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rissa tridactyla
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-legged Kittiwake
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pagophila
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pagophila eburnea
Applicable_Common_Name: Ivory Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna
Applicable_Common_Name: Typical Terns
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna trudeaui
Applicable_Common_Name: Snowy-crowned Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna forsteri
Applicable_Common_Name: Forster's Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna hirundo
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sterna paradisaea
Applicable_Common_Name: Arctic Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thalasseus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thalasseus elegans
Applicable_Common_Name: Elegant Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thalasseus maximus
Applicable_Common_Name: Royal Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydroprogne
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydroprogne caspia
Applicable_Common_Name: Caspian Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anous
Applicable_Common_Name: Noddys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anous stolidus
Applicable_Common_Name: Brown Noddy
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anous minutus
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Noddy
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procelsterna
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue-gray Noddys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Procelsterna cerulea
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue-gray Noddy
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue Noddy
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gygis
Applicable_Common_Name: White Terns
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gygis alba
Applicable_Common_Name: White Tern
Applicable_Common_Name: Angel Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chlidonias
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Terns
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chlidonias niger
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rynchops
Applicable_Common_Name: Skimmers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chroicocephalus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Applicable_Common_Name: Bonaparte's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Black-headed Gull
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-headed Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Leucophaeus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Leucophaeus atricilla
Applicable_Common_Name: Laughing Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Leucophaeus pipixcan
Applicable_Common_Name: Franklin's Gull
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Onychoprion
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Onychoprion aleuticus
Applicable_Common_Name: Aleutian Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Onychoprion fuscatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Sooty Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Onychoprion lunatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Spectacled Tern
Applicable_Common_Name: Gray-backed Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sternula
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sternula antillarum
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Tern
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alcidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Murres
Applicable_Common_Name: Auks
Applicable_Common_Name: Guillemots
Applicable_Common_Name: Murrelets
Applicable_Common_Name: Puffins
Applicable_Common_Name: guillemots
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Uria
Applicable_Common_Name: Murres
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Uria aalge
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Murre
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Uria lomvia
Applicable_Common_Name: Thick-billed Murre
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alle
Applicable_Common_Name: Dovekies
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alle alle
Applicable_Common_Name: Dovekie
Applicable_Common_Name: Little Auk
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cepphus
Applicable_Common_Name: Guillemots
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cepphus grylle
Applicable_Common_Name: Black Guillemot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cepphus columba
Applicable_Common_Name: Pigeon Guillemot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cepphus carbo
Applicable_Common_Name: Spectacled Guillemot
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Brachyramphus
Applicable_Common_Name: Marbled Murrelets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Brachyramphus marmoratus
Applicable_Common_Name: Marbled Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Brachyramphus brevirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Kittlitz's Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Brachyramphus perdix
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-billed Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus
Applicable_Common_Name: Ancient Murrelets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus antiquus
Applicable_Common_Name: Ancient Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus wumizusume
Applicable_Common_Name: Japanese Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus craveri
Applicable_Common_Name: Craveri's Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus hypoleucus
Applicable_Common_Name: Xantus' Murrelet
Applicable_Common_Name: Xantus's Murrelet
Applicable_Common_Name: Guadalupe Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synthliboramphus scrippsi
Applicable_Common_Name: Scripps's Murrelet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ptychoramphus
Applicable_Common_Name: Cassin's Auklets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ptychoramphus aleuticus
Applicable_Common_Name: Cassin's Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Auklets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia cristatella
Applicable_Common_Name: Crested Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia pusilla
Applicable_Common_Name: Least Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia pygmaea
Applicable_Common_Name: Whiskered Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aethia psittacula
Applicable_Common_Name: Parakeet Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cerorhinca
Applicable_Common_Name: Rhinoceros Auklets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cerorhinca monocerata
Applicable_Common_Name: Rhinoceros Auklet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fratercula
Applicable_Common_Name: Puffins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fratercula corniculata
Applicable_Common_Name: Horned Puffin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fratercula cirrhata
Applicable_Common_Name: Tufted Puffin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strigiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Owls
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strigidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Typical Owls
Applicable_Common_Name: Owls
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asioninae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asio
Applicable_Common_Name: Eared Owls
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asio flammeus
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-eared Owl
Applicable_Common_Name: hibou des marais
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Coraciiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Kingfishers
Applicable_Common_Name: Rollers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alcedinidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Kingfishers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cerylinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megaceryle
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megaceryle alcyon
Applicable_Common_Name: Belted Kingfisher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Passeriformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Perching Birds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cinclidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Dippers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cinclus
Applicable_Common_Name: Dippers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cinclus mexicanus
Applicable_Common_Name: American Dipper
Applicable_Common_Name: Mirlo-acu�tico norteamericano
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corvidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Crows
Applicable_Common_Name: Jays
Applicable_Common_Name: Magpies
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Suliformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Cormorants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sulidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Boobies
Applicable_Common_Name: Gannets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sula
Applicable_Common_Name: Boobies
Applicable_Common_Name: Gannets
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sula dactylatra
Applicable_Common_Name: Masked Booby
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sula granti
Applicable_Common_Name: Nazca Booby
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sula leucogaster
Applicable_Common_Name: Brown Booby
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sula sula
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-footed Booby
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Morus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Morus bassanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Gannet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocoracidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Cormorants
Applicable_Common_Name: Shags
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax
Applicable_Common_Name: Cormorants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax carbo
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax auritus
Applicable_Common_Name: Double-crested Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax penicillatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Brandt's Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax pelagicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pelagic Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalacrocorax urile
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-faced Cormorant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fregatidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Frigatebirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fregata
Applicable_Common_Name: Frigatebirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fregata minor
Applicable_Common_Name: Great Frigatebird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fregata ariel
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Frigatebird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipitriformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Hawks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipitridae
Applicable_Common_Name: Eagles
Applicable_Common_Name: Hawks
Applicable_Common_Name: Kites
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter
Applicable_Common_Name: Bird Hawks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter gentilis
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Goshawk
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter striatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Sharp-shinned Hawk
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Buteo
Applicable_Common_Name: Buteonine Hawks
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Buteo jamaicensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-tailed Hawk
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aquila
Applicable_Common_Name: Golden Eagles
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aquila chrysaetos
Applicable_Common_Name: Golden Eagle
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haliaeetus
Applicable_Common_Name: Fish Eagles
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: Bald Eagle
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Haliaeetus pelagicus
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's Sea-Eagle
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's Sea Eagle
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Circus
Applicable_Common_Name: Harriers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Circus cyaneus
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Harrier
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pandionidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Ospreys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pandion
Applicable_Common_Name: Ospreys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pandion haliaetus
Applicable_Common_Name: Osprey
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Osprey
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethontiformes
Applicable_Common_Name: Tropicbirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethontidae
Applicable_Common_Name: Tropicbirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethon
Applicable_Common_Name: Tropicbirds
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethon aethereus
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-billed Tropicbird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethon lepturus
Applicable_Common_Name: White-tailed Tropicbird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phaethon rubricauda
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-tailed Tropicbird
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mammalia
Applicable_Common_Name: mammals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Theria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eutheria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cetacea
Applicable_Common_Name: cetaceans
Applicable_Common_Name: whales
Applicable_Common_Name: dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: marine mammals
Applicable_Common_Name: porpoises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odontoceti
Applicable_Common_Name: toothed whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinidae
Applicable_Common_Name: dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: killer whales
Applicable_Common_Name: pilot whales
Applicable_Common_Name: marine dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tursiops
Applicable_Common_Name: bottlenose dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tursiops truncatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Bottlenose Dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: Bottlenosed Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stenella
Applicable_Common_Name: spotted dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: spinner dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: striped dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stenella longirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: long-snouted spinner dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: Spinner Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stenella coeruleoalba
Applicable_Common_Name: Striped Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinus
Applicable_Common_Name: common dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinus delphis
Applicable_Common_Name: saddle-backed dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: common dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-beaked Common Dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: short-beaked saddle-backed dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinus capensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Long-beaked Common Dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: long-beaked common dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: long-beaked saddle-backed dolphin
Applicable_Common_Name: long-beaked saddleback dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lagenorhynchus
Applicable_Common_Name: white-sided dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: white-beaked dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
Applicable_Common_Name: Pacific White-sided Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lissodelphis
Applicable_Common_Name: right-whale dolphins
Applicable_Common_Name: right whale dolphins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lissodelphis borealis
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Right Whale Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Grampus
Applicable_Common_Name: grampus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Grampus griseus
Applicable_Common_Name: Risso's Dolphin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pseudorca
Applicable_Common_Name: false killer whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pseudorca crassidens
Applicable_Common_Name: False Killer Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Globicephala
Applicable_Common_Name: pilot whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Globicephala macrorhynchus
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-finned Pilot Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Orcinus
Applicable_Common_Name: killer whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Orcinus orca
Applicable_Common_Name: Killer Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: orca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Monodontidae
Applicable_Common_Name: white whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinapterus
Applicable_Common_Name: white whales
Applicable_Common_Name: belugas
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Delphinapterus leucas
Applicable_Common_Name: white whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Beluga
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Physeteridae
Applicable_Common_Name: sperm whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Physeter
Applicable_Common_Name: sperm whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Physeter macrocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: Sperm Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoenidae
Applicable_Common_Name: porpoises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoena
Applicable_Common_Name: common porpoises
Applicable_Common_Name: harbor porpoises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoena phocoena
Applicable_Common_Name: Harbor Porpoise
Applicable_Common_Name: common porpoise
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoenoides
Applicable_Common_Name: Dall's porpoises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocoenoides dalli
Applicable_Common_Name: True's Porpoise
Applicable_Common_Name: Dall's Porpoise
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Kogiidae
Applicable_Common_Name: small sperm whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Kogia
Applicable_Common_Name: pygmy sperm whales
Applicable_Common_Name: small sperm whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Kogia breviceps
Applicable_Common_Name: Pygmy Sperm Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hyperoodontidae
Applicable_Common_Name: beaked whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Berardius
Applicable_Common_Name: giant bottle-nosed whales
Applicable_Common_Name: giant beaked whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Berardius bairdii
Applicable_Common_Name: north Pacific bottle-nosed whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Baird's Beaked Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ziphius
Applicable_Common_Name: goose-beaked whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ziphius cavirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: goose-beaked whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Cuvier's Beaked Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: goosebeak whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mesoplodon
Applicable_Common_Name: beaked whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mysticeti
Applicable_Common_Name: baleen whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eschrichtiidae
Applicable_Common_Name: grey whales
Applicable_Common_Name: gray whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eschrichtius
Applicable_Common_Name: grey whales
Applicable_Common_Name: gray whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eschrichtius robustus
Applicable_Common_Name: Gray Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: grey whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenopteridae
Applicable_Common_Name: rorquals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera
Applicable_Common_Name: rorquals
Applicable_Common_Name: finback whales
Applicable_Common_Name: baleen whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera acutorostrata
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Minke Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Minke Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: northern minke whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera borealis
Applicable_Common_Name: Sei Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera physalus
Applicable_Common_Name: Fin Whale
Applicable_Common_Name: finback whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenoptera musculus
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megaptera
Applicable_Common_Name: humpback whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megaptera novaeangliae
Applicable_Common_Name: Humpback Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaenidae
Applicable_Common_Name: bowhead whales
Applicable_Common_Name: right whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaena
Applicable_Common_Name: right whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Balaena mysticetus
Applicable_Common_Name: black right whale
Applicable_Common_Name: bowhead whale
Applicable_Common_Name: Bowhead
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eubalaena
Applicable_Common_Name: right whales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eubalaena japonica
Applicable_Common_Name: North Pacific Right Whale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carnivora
Applicable_Common_Name: carnivores
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caniformia
Applicable_Common_Name: dog-like carnivores
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursidae
Applicable_Common_Name: bears
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus
Applicable_Common_Name: bears
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ursus maritimus
Applicable_Common_Name: Polar Bear
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mustelidae
Applicable_Common_Name: mustelids
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutrinae
Applicable_Common_Name: otters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Enhydra
Applicable_Common_Name: sea otters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Enhydra lutris
Applicable_Common_Name: Sea Otter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lontra
Applicable_Common_Name: river otters
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lontra canadensis
Applicable_Common_Name: North American River Otter
Applicable_Common_Name: northern river otter
Applicable_Common_Name: river otter
Applicable_Common_Name: common otter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Otariidae
Applicable_Common_Name: eared seals
Applicable_Common_Name: sea lions
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zalophus
Applicable_Common_Name: California sea lions
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zalophus californianus
Applicable_Common_Name: California Sealion
Applicable_Common_Name: California sea lion
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eumetopias
Applicable_Common_Name: northern sea lions
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eumetopias jubatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller Sea Lion
Applicable_Common_Name: steller sealion
Applicable_Common_Name: Steller's sea lion
Applicable_Common_Name: northern sea lion
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Callorhinus
Applicable_Common_Name: northern fur seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Callorhinus ursinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Fur Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arctocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: southern fur seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arctocephalus townsendi
Applicable_Common_Name: Guadalupe Fur Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odobenidae
Applicable_Common_Name: walruses
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odobenus
Applicable_Common_Name: walruses
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Odobenus rosmarus
Applicable_Common_Name: Walrus
Applicable_Common_Name: morse
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phocidae
Applicable_Common_Name: earless seals
Applicable_Common_Name: true seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoca
Applicable_Common_Name: hair seals
Applicable_Common_Name: harbor seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoca largha
Applicable_Common_Name: Spotted Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phoca vitulina
Applicable_Common_Name: Harbor Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Erignathus
Applicable_Common_Name: bearded seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Erignathus barbatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Bearded Seal
Applicable_Common_Name: squareflipper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mirounga
Applicable_Common_Name: elephant seals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mirounga angustirostris
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Elephant Seal
Applicable_Common_Name: northern sea elephant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pusa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pusa hispida
Applicable_Common_Name: Ringed Seal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Histriophoca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Histriophoca fasciata
Applicable_Common_Name: Ribbon Seal
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
It is requested that the authors and the USGS Alaska Science Center be cited for any subsequent publications that reference this dataset. Bias due to observers as well as attraction and avoidance of observing vessels was outside of our control. All surveys were conducted by trained observers. Data may be used to generate presence/absence, trends in and estimates of relative abundance and to examine patterns in temporal and spatial distribution, however, due to the opportunistic nature of the surveys, both in space and time, these data may not be sufficient to determine absolute abundance. Note that the species code list has been updated since version 2 of the NPPSD database. Over the 47 years represented by the NPPSD v3.0, both common and scientific names have undergone some changes. Additionally, individual researchers commonly created their own unique codes for species. All of these were crosswalked into a new consistent table.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Gary S. Drew
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Research Biologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: Alaska
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 10 ESRI ArcGIS 10.7. Microsoft Access- version 1902 Office 365
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Gary S. Drew
Originator: John F. Piatt
Originator: Martin Renner
Publication_Date: 2015
Title:
User’s guide to the North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database 2.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2015-1123
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Online
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
User guide, documentation, additional information about the NPPSD database.
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151123
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Field data collected by USGS (after 1993) were collected using a digital data recorder. Daily records were reviewed nightly to correct miss-transcriptions and reconcile data with handwritten notes. We had no way to determine the level of QA/QC applied to data sets contributed from other sources as they varied and were rarely documented. Once provided to us, contributed datasets were reviewed to check for attribute consistency. When inconsistencies were found we contacted the contributor to resolve errors.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Although many of the variables do not have set limits, most have logical constraints, e.g. Speed must be numeric, could not be less than 0. Note that many of the data fields have null values for various fields. The taxonomic list was checked with lists of marine bird and mammal taxa for the North Pacific region. Unusual identifications were confirmed with the contributor.
Completeness_Report:
Few contributed surveys included all variables in the database; however, all survey data were required to have Lat, Lon, and Sample Area or some way to calculate sample area, e.g. Transect Width x Transect Length, and species observations. If environmental data was provided it is in the database; null values should be treated as missing.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Horizontal positions were collected using Loran-C (1974-1993) and GPS (1994-2008). Data collected using Loran-C was collected using NAD 27 and were converted to WGS84. Consequently, there may be some variations in locational accuracy of Loran-C data during data shifting. Data in subsequent years, were assumed to have been collected using NAD 83 or WGS84 and hence were not converted. Each sample transect is located using a single point. Many of the early surveys (pre 1984) only recorded each transect's starting x- and y-coordinates. Most of the later surveys included both start and stop locations and transect locations are centroids. There is a field "Loc Method" in the location table that designates whether the start or the centroid of the sample transect was used for the observation location.
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
At-sea Boat Surveys - Surveys of marine birds using strip transects.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Gould, P.J.
Originator: Forsell, D.J
Publication_Date: 1989
Title:
Techniques for shipboard surveys of marine birds: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Technical Report
Issue_Identification: 25
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Tasker, M. L.
Originator: Jones, P. H.
Originator: Dixon, T. I. M.
Originator: Blake, B. F.
Publication_Date: 1984
Title:
Counting seabirds at sea from ships: a review of methods employed and a suggestion for a standardized approach.
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Auk
Issue_Identification: 101(3)
Other_Citation_Details: 567-577
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1093/auk/101.3.567
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Thomas, L.
Originator: Buckland, S.T.
Originator: Rexstad, E.A.
Originator: Laake, J.L.
Originator: Strindberg, S.
Originator: Hedley, S.L.
Originator: Bishop, J.R.
Originator: Marques, T.A.
Originator: Burnham, K.P,
Publication_Date: 2010
Title:
Distance software: design and analysis of distance sampling surveys for estimating population size
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Applied Ecology
Issue_Identification: 47(1): 5-14.
Online_Linkage: https://www.jstor.org/stable/25623132
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
Contributed survey data was staged in a relational database designed for ingest of that data. The data was evaluated for completion, accuracy and field collection standards. The data was then evaluated for steps needed to bring it to NPPSD standards for migration and integration into the master database. For more information see the "User’s Guide to the North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database 2.0".
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Gary S. Drew
Originator: John F. Piatt
Originator: Martin Renner
Publication_Date: 2015
Title:
User’s guide to the North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database 2.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2015-1123
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Online
Publisher: USGS
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151123
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
Aerial Surveys - Methodologies were only partially standardized. In general, aerial surveys were flown at 30-50 m and 75-100 kph depending on the aircraft. Transect widths varied between 50-150 m and all birds observed within that band were counted.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: George Hunt Jr.
Originator: Patrick J. Gould
Originator: Douglas J. Forsell
Originator: Harold Peterson
Publication_Date: 1981
Title: Pelagic distribution of marine birds in the Eastern Bering Sea
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: book chapter
Series_Information:
Series_Name: The Eastern Bering Sea Shelf: Oceanography and Resources
Issue_Identification: 2
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington
Publisher: University of Washington Press
Other_Citation_Details:
Hunt Jr, G.L., Gould, P.J., Forsell, D.J. and Peterson, H., 1981. Pelagic distribution of marine birds in the eastern Bering Sea. The eastern Bering Sea shelf: oceanography and resources, 2, pp.689-718.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Multiple federal agencies -archived by NOAA
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: disc
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V1_OCSEAP
Source_Contribution:
The Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) was a project aimed at developing scientific information about the continental shelf region of Alaska during the 1970s, in advance of potential oil development. At-sea seabird surveys were one part of this program. The OCSEAP data set consists of 273 separate survey files. Data was collected primarily over the shelf region, but the majority of the North Pacific was represented. These files were archived by NOAA in hierarchical data format. These files were sub-divided into tables in a relational database (Location, Environment, Ice, Comments and Data).
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: FWS TAP Archival Data
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: magnetic tape
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V1_FWS_TAP
Source_Contribution:
These files were recovered from several 9-track tapes labeled “FWS TAP Archival Data.” Out of the 243 surveys found on these tapes, 100 were identical to surveys already contained within the OCSEAP dataset. Like the OCSEAP dataset, this data was wide ranging. After thorough proofing and cleaning, 142 surveys remain in the TAP dataset. We also found hard copies of datasheets for several surveys that could not be found in digital format. These surveys were entered into data tables.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Denny Zwiefelhofer
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Kodiak Small Boat Coastal Surveys
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: disc
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 197911
Ending_Date: 200305
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V1_FWS_KODIAK
Source_Contribution:
The Kodiak Winter Surveys are a compilation of small boat transects conducted around Kodiak from November 1979 to February 2003. Denny Zwiefelhofer (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) cleaned and proofed all data. We received 40 surveys from him in May 2004. All surveys were conducted using OCSEAP format and coding systems. Only minor changes and corrections were necessary to integrate this dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: V.P. Shuntov
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Surveys of the Sea of Okhotsk Datasets conducted by V.P Shuntov 1984-1997
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1984
Ending_Date: 1997
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_RUSSIA_SHUNTOV_84_97
Source_Contribution:
Surveys of the Sea of Okhotsk Datasets conducted by V.P Shuntov 1984-1997
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Konyukhov
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Coastal Surveys of Russian West coast conducted by Konyukhov 1985-1991
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: disc
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1985
Ending_Date: 1991
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_RUSSIA_KONYUKHOV_85_91
Source_Contribution:
Coastal Surveys of Russian West coast conducted by Konyukhov 1985-1991
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Artukhin
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Coastal Surveys of Russian West coast conducted by Artukhin 2004-2005
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: disc
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2004
Ending_Date: 2005
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_RUSSIA_ARTUKHIN_04_05
Source_Contribution:
Coastal Surveys of Russian West coast conducted by Artukhin 2004-2005
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Vyalatkin
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Coastal Surveys of Russian West coast conducted by Vyalatkin 1973-1995
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: disc
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1973
Ending_Date: 1995
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_RUSSIA_VYALATKIN_73_95
Source_Contribution:
Coastal Surveys of Russian West coast conducted by Vyalatkin 1973-1995
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: David Irons
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Surveys of Prince William Sound, Alaska by David Irons 1989-2000
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_FWS_PWS_89_00
Source_Contribution:
Surveys of Prince William Sound, Alaska by David Irons 1989-2000
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Kuletz
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: At-sea surveys of Kachemak Bay conducted by Kuletz
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_FWS_KACHEMAK_KULETZ
Source_Contribution: At-sea surveys of Kachemak Bay conducted by Kuletz
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Kuletz
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: At-sea surveys of the Bering Sea conducted by Kuletz
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_FWS_BERING_KULETZ
Source_Contribution: At-sea surveys of the Bering Sea conducted by Kuletz
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge-SMMOCI surveys 1995-2006
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1995
Ending_Date: 2006
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_FWS_AMNWR_SMMOCI_95_06
Source_Contribution:
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge-SMMOCI surveys 1995-2006
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Michelle L. Kissling
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Surveys of Southeast Alaska 2002-2004 by Michelle L. Kissling
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2002
Ending_Date: 2004
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_FWS_SE_KISSLING_02_04
Source_Contribution: Surveys of Southeast Alaska 2002-2004 by Michelle L. Kissling
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Beverly Agler
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Beverly Agler collected data in SE Alaska and Cook Inlet 1993-1994
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2002
Ending_Date: 2004
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_FWS_SE_CI_AGLER_93_94
Source_Contribution:
Beverly Agler collected data in SE Alaska and Cook Inlet 1993-1994
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Denny Zwiefelhofer
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Denny Zwiefelhofer conducted surveys of seabirds around Kodiak Island 1979-2002
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1979
Ending_Date: 2002
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_FWS_KODIAK_ZWIEFELHOFER_79_02
Source_Contribution:
Denny Zwiefelhofer conducted surveys of seabirds around Kodiak Island 1979-2002
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John Piatt
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Surveys of Cook Inlet Alaska collected by Piatt 1995-2000
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1995
Ending_Date: 2000
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_USGS_CI_PIATT_95_00
Source_Contribution: Surveys of Cook Inlet Alaska collected by Piatt 1995-2000
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John Piatt
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Surveys of Glacier Bay Alaska collected by Piatt 1998-2002
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1998
Ending_Date: 2002
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_USGS_GB_PIATT_98_02
Source_Contribution: Surveys of Glacier Bay Alaska collected by Piatt 1998-2002
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John Piatt
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Various Surveys of Aleutian Islands Alaska collected by Piatt 1989-2012
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1989
Ending_Date: 2012
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_USGS_AI_PIATT_89_12
Source_Contribution: Surveys of Glacier Bay Alaska collected by Piatt 1998-2002
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Tom VanPelt
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Surveys of the Alaska Peninsula by Tom VanPelt 2005
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_USGS_AP_VANPELT_05
Source_Contribution: Surveys of the Alaska Peninsula by Tom VanPelt 2005
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Ken Morgan
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Ken Morgan 1982-2010
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Canada
Publisher: Canada-Department of Fisheries and Oceans
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1982
Ending_Date: 2010
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_CANADA_MORGAN_82_10
Source_Contribution: Ken Morgan 1982-2010
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Ted Swem
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Surveys conducted in the Chukchi Sea by Ted Swem 2009-2010
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2009
Ending_Date: 2010
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_UNIV_CHUKCHI_SWEM_09_10
Source_Contribution: Surveys conducted in the Chukchi Sea by Ted Swem 2009-2010
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: George L. Hunt
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Surveys of the Bering Sea by George L. Hunt 1975-2004
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1975
Ending_Date: 2004
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_UNIV_BERING_HUNT_75_04
Source_Contribution: Surveys of the Bering Sea by George L. Hunt 1975-2004
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Point Ryes Bird Observatory
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Surveys off the West Coast of the U.S. by the Point Ryes Bird Observatory 1987-1989
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1987
Ending_Date: 1989
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_PT_RYES_WEST_87_89
Source_Contribution:
Surveys off the West Coast of the U.S. by the Point Ryes Bird Observatory 1987-1989
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Adrian Gall
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
ABR Inc. Consulting - Adrian Gall collected data in the Chukchi Sea 2008-2011
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Unknown
Publisher: ABR Inc.
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2008
Ending_Date: 2011
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_ABR_CHUKCHI_GALL_08_11
Source_Contribution:
ABR Inc. Consulting - Adrian Gall collected data in the Chukchi Sea 2008-2011
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Robert Day
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
ABR Inc. Consulting Robert Day collected surveys around Alaska 1985-2010
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Unknown
Publisher: ABR Inc.
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1985
Ending_Date: 2010
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_ABR_DAY_85_10
Source_Contribution:
ABR Inc. Consulting Robert Day collected surveys around Alaska 1985-2010
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: G.A. Green
Originator: M. L. Bonnell
Originator: K. T. Briggs
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Surveys of WA and OR coast by G.A. Green, M. L. Bonnell and K. T. Briggs 1989-1990
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1980
Ending_Date: 1990
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V2_GREEN_89_90
Source_Contribution:
Surveys of WA and OR coast by G.A. Green, M. L. Bonnell and K. T. Briggs 1989-1990
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Kathy Kuletz
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Bering, Chukchi and Gulf of Alaska – Combined datasets from surveys conducted in 2013-2018
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2013
Ending_Date: 2018
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_FWS_BERING_CHUKCHI_GOA_KULETZ_13_18
Source_Contribution:
Bering, Chukchi and Gulf of Alaska – Combined datasets from surveys conducted in 2013-2018 by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service under BOEM and NPRB funded projects led by Kathy Kuletz (USFWS, Reg. 7). This dataset consists of 36,309 transects. This data has gone through QA/QC and was integrated into the NPPSD.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Kathy Kuletz
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Survey data from the GAK1 line during 2011-2018
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2011
Ending_Date: 2018
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_FWS_GOA_KULETZ_11_18
Source_Contribution:
Gulf of Alaska (the “GAK1 Line”)— USFWS (K. Kuletz et al.) survey data from the GAK1 line during 2011-2018. Survey transects (n=3829) yielded 11,019 observations of 83,988 marine birds and mammals.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: R. Corcoran
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Coastal surveys around Kodiak Island in 2011-2016
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2011
Ending_Date: 2016
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_FWS_KODIAK_CORCORAN_11_16
Source_Contribution:
Kodiak Island - USFWS (R. Corcoran) coastal surveys around Kodiak Island in 2011-2016. These summer surveys comprised 904 transects with observations of 276,139 marine birds and mammals.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Originator: U.S. Forest Service
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Dataset from the USFWS/USFS Marbled Murrelet monitoring program on the coast of California, Oregon, and Washington, 1989-2009
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Unknown
Publisher: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1989
Ending_Date: 2009
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_FWS_CA_OR_WA_89_09
Source_Contribution:
US West Coast, California, Oregon and Washington – Dataset from the USFWS/USFS Marbled Murrelet monitoring program on the coast of California, Oregon, and Washington. This includes data collected between 1989-2009. There was a total of 23,146 transects and 109,730 observations of 1,373,327 birds and mammals.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Forest Service
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: Southeast Alaska USFS Surveys conducted in 1991-1995
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Unknown
Publisher: U.S. Forest Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1991
Ending_Date: 1995
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_USFS_SOUTHEAST_91_95
Source_Contribution:
Southeast Alaska USFS originally designed for waterfowl but including other species. Surveys conducted in 1991-1995 includes 1917 transects.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John Piatt
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Aleutian Islands/Northern Gulf of Alaska Tufted Puffin surveys conducted in 1991-1995
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1991
Ending_Date: 1995
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_USGS_AI_GOA_PIATT_12_14
Source_Contribution:
Aleutian Islands/Northern Gulf of Alaska — USGS (J. Piatt) surveys conducted during 2012-2014 around Tufted Puffin colonies from Cook Inlet to Attu Island. The data consists of 315 transects, with 2,965 observations of 149,262 marine birds and mammals.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: G. Drew
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Aleutian Islands/Bering Sea surveys conducted by G. Drew in 2009, 2012, 2014 and 2016
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Multiple_Dates/Times:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2009
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2012
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2014
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2016
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_USGS_AI_BERING_DREW_09_12_14_16
Source_Contribution:
Aleutian Islands/Bering Sea, AK— Surveys by USGS (G. Drew) around volcanically disturbed Aleutian Islands including Kasatochi Island in 2009, 2012, 2014, and 2016 and Bogoslof Island in 2018. The dataset consists of 191 transects with 2,090 observations of 34,628 marine birds and mammals.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: M. Arimitsu
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Prince William Sound surveys conducted by M. Arimitsu in 2010, 2012, 2013 and 2015-2019
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Anchorage, Alaska
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Multiple_Dates/Times:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2010
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2012
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2013
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2015
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2016
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2017
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2018
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2019
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_USGS_PWS_ARMITSU_10_12_13_15_19
Source_Contribution:
Aleutian Islands/Bering Sea, AK- Surveys by USGS (G. Drew) around volcanically disturbed Aleutian Islands including Kasatochi Island in 2009, 2012, 2014, and 2016 and Bogoslof Island in 2018. The dataset consists of 191 transects with 2,090 observations of 34,628 marine birds and mammals.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: H. Coletti
Originator: D. Esler
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Coastal Gulf of Alaska surveys conducted by the National Park Service and the USGS 2007-2018
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Unknown
Publisher: National Park Service
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2007
Ending_Date: 2018
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_NPS_USGS_GOA_COLLETI_ESLER_07_18
Source_Contribution:
Coastal Gulf of Alaska — Surveys conducted by the National Park Service (H. Coletti) and USGS (D. Esler et al.) include annual summer (June) surveys for Kenai Fjords NP (2007-2018) and winter (Mar-early April) surveys for KEFJ (2008, 2010, 2013, 2017). For Katmai NPP, data include annual (late June/early July) surveys (2006 - 2010; 2012-2018) and winter surveys (Mar-early April) in KATM (2009, 2012, 2016 and 2018). Dataset included a total of 1,460 transects with observations of 321,495 marine birds and mammals.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: M.A. Bishop
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Prince William Sound surveys conducted by M.A. Bishop in 2007-2016
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Unknown
Publisher: Prince William Sound Science Center
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2007
Ending_Date: 2016
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_PWSC_PWS_BISHOP_07_16
Source_Contribution:
Prince William Sound, AK - M.A. Bishop conducted surveys in PWS 2007-2016. Dataset includes a total of 2,859 transects with 56,657 marine bird observations.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: K. Morgan
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: British Columbia surveys conducted by K. Morgan in 2011-2017
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Unknown
Publisher: Environment Canada
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2011
Ending_Date: 2017
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_CANADA_BC_MORGAN_11_17
Source_Contribution:
British Columbia - 2011-2017 (K. Morgan) offshore surveys dataset includes 7,408 survey transects, 14,016 observations of 65,410 marine birds and mammals.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: C. Fox
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
British Columbia surveys conducted by C. Fox, Dalhousie University in 2005-2008
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Unknown
Publisher: Environment Canada
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2005
Ending_Date: 2008
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_CANADA_BC_FOX_05_08
Source_Contribution:
British Columbia – Surveys conducted around Queen Charlotte Islands in 2005-2008 by Dalhousie University (C. Fox). The dataset includes 5,539 transects and 9,622 observations of 58,854 birds.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: William Sydeman
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Coastal California and Oregon surveys led by William Sydeman, Farallon Institute, NMFS
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Unknown
Publisher: Farallon Institute
Type_of_Source_Media: digital database file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: Unknown
Ending_Date: Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: V3_CA_OR_FARALLON_NMFS
Source_Contribution:
Coastal California and Oregon - Surveys conducted by various researchers at the Farallon Institute led by William Sydeman, in conjunction with the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). Datasets include 25,785 transects and 46,404 observations of 351,055 seabirds and Marine mammals.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Create Data Tables - Import contributed datasets into new working databases. Each dataset had its own database used to perform QA/QC and modify the format to conform to the NPPSD standard. Fields were checked for data integrity, i.e. numeric fields could not include characters. Additional details can be found in the “User’s guide to the North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database 2.0”: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151123
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Standardization- Survey data was originally input and stored in various formats. Data fields and organization were variable and required several steps to provide standardized records. Incoming data sets were first imported into Microsoft Access data tables and proofed against a set of standard field values. Where necessary, data fields were renamed and cross-walked to the standard values. Taxonomy codes varied between contributors as well as changing over time, so taxonomy of all surveys was cross-referenced to the current American Ornithological Society for birds and Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) for marine mammals. The (“User’s guide to the North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database 2.0”: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151123) provides additional details on data standardization.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Density calculation- Survey area in square kilometers was generated for each survey transect based on transect width. Density calculations were made by dividing the recorded number of observations for each species by behavior and survey area in square kilometers. Behavior was split so researchers could select only birds on the water or combine these classes.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Distance to Strip - For surveys collected using the distance methodology, we converted observations into strip equivalents. When using the distance methodology, a distance from the boat is calculated. Based on the size of the boat we choose a distance of 100 m to each side for small boats and 150 m for large boats as our strip. All birds within that strip were considered on-transect, all birds beyond that distance were included as off-transect observations.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Add DOI Number - We added a field for the DOI number. Few datasets had them, but in the future this will become a way to access incoming data prior to standardization.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Off transect Field (OT-OBS) modification - Some users had suggested that "Yes" for off transect and "No" on transect was confusing. To make this unambiguous we changed "No" to "On" and "Yes" to "Off".
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
NPPSD 2.0 Revisions - Version 2.0 involved revising the flat file structure of version 1 to create an Access relational database. Additionally, version 2 added approximately 290,000 new sample transects. See the "NPPSD Version History" for more details.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Gary Drew
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Dr.
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99515
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
NPPSD 3.0 Revisions - Version 3 of the NPPSD made three changes to version 2 of the dataset: (1) approximately 2000 duplicate transect entries around Kodiak island were removed, (2) A DOI number field was added for linkage to contributed data sources, and (3) An we added approximately 110,000 new sample transects to the dataset. See the "NPPSD Version History" for more details.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Gary Drew
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Dr.
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99515
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Ellipsoid_Name: World Geodetic System of 1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.25722356
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: tbl_LOCATION
Entity_Type_Definition:
Microsoft Access 2003-2007 data table. The location table contains uniquely identified sea bird survey information which includes spatial, temporal, transect and occasionally environmental observation data.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Master_Key
Attribute_Definition:
Up to 25-digit unique identifier of each sample location which provides the link between the location and observation tables. Each unique record in the location table is associated with multiple or no observation records in the observation table. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Unique name field, identifying a named survey transect typically provided by the contributor.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Survey_ID
Attribute_Definition:
Additional survey identifier associated with incoming data which is sometimes provided by originator. This field often is not unique and primarily is useful for linking back to raw datasets. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Non-unique name field, identifying a named survey trip provided by the contributor.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Station_Number
Attribute_Definition:
Optional sequential transect/station number within a Survey ID number. This field was provided in some surveys by researchers collecting repeated samples over time and is included for their benefit. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Unique name field, identifying a specific transect or segment within a survey trip provided by the contributor.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Survey_Target
Attribute_Definition:
Focus of the survey. A few surveys were Taxa specific. These taxa specific surveys should only be excluded from assessments of other species. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: All
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: All marine birds and mammals were recorded.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Marine Birds
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Marine birds observed were recorded.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Brachyramphous Murrelets
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Only Marbled and Kittlitz's Murreletts were recorded.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Kittlitz's Murrelets
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Only Kittlitz's Murrelets were recorded.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Modified_Platform_Type
Attribute_Definition:
The platform used to collect observations. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: OCSEAP-U.S. Fish and Wildlife (FWS) protocols
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Large Boat
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: > 30 ft and/or elevated viewing platform 3 m or greater.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Small Boat
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Skiff or boat < 30 ft
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Fixed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Boat at anchor
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Observations made from land.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Aircraft
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Fixed-wing or helicoptor
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Modified_Survey_Type
Attribute_Definition:
Type of survey methodology. Most of the data were classified as “Pelagic Survey.” Some missing survey types were assumed to be “Pelagic Survey” if they included transect duration, width, and distance. During the OCSEAP data collection there also were station surveys, where species were counted in a fixed area (from a non-moving platform) over a fixed time period. The survey type “Off Transect Observation” is used only on a few samples from the OCSEAP data. Survey types of “Station” and “Off Transect Observation” do not have a sample area, so they are automatically excluded from density calculations. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Pelagic_Survey
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Offshore survey
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Station
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Fixed observation point
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Off_Transect
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Transects tagged as off transect by the contributing researcher.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Fly_Bird_Method
Attribute_Definition:
How flying birds were counted on surveys. In most surveys, flying birds were counted at regular intervals (snapshots), not continuously, to minimize overestimation of bird densities owing to the flux of rapidly moving birds across the transect. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Continuous
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: All flying birds counted continuously
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Snapshot
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Flying birds counted at set intervals to counter the positive bias related to the speed of flying birds.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Gould, P.J., and Forsell, D.J., 1989, Techniques for shipboard surveys of marine birds: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Technical Report 25, 12 p.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Unk
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No methodology for counting birds was provided.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Loc_Method
Attribute_Definition:
Identifies the method used to determine the latitude-longitude location of the sample. This location is the beginning of the transect for older surveys and are based on the centroid of the sample transect for newer surveys. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Centroid
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Center of transect,
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Start
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The Lat Long Location is the start of the transect. Used when no end location was provided.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Unk
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Used when locations were provided but their basis (Centroid or Start) was not.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lat
Attribute_Definition:
Latitude of the sample location in decimal degrees using the WGS 84 datum.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 88.453743
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Degrees
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lon
Attribute_Definition:
Longitude of the sample location in decimal degrees using the WGS 84 datum. These longitudes are based on a -180 to 180 degree coordinate system. The 180th meridian runs through the middle of the NPPSD study area; thus, the dataset includes both positive and negative longitudes.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 104.96840
Range_Domain_Maximum: 180
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Degrees
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -180
Range_Domain_Maximum: -129.16667
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: degrees
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Year
Attribute_Definition: Four digit year of the survey.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1973
Range_Domain_Maximum: 2012
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Year
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Month
Attribute_Definition: Two digit month of the survey.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 12
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Day
Attribute_Definition: Two digit day of the survey.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 31
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Day
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Julian_Date
Attribute_Definition:
Numeric day-of-the-year. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 366
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Day
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Hour
Attribute_Definition:
Two digit hour of the start time of the survey. Based on a 24 hour scale.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 23
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Minutes
Attribute_Definition: Two digit minute at the start time of the survey.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 59
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Minute
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Elapsed_Time
Attribute_Definition:
Elapsed time of the survey sample in minutes. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 400
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Minute
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Transect_Width
Attribute_Definition:
Strip (bin) width in meters. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 600
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Speed
Attribute_Definition:
Average boat speed in kilometers per hour. Note there are numerous missing values and non-aircraft speeds greater than 25 kph are suspect.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 10483
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: kilometers per hour
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Depth
Attribute_Definition:
Depth to bottom in meters. Note depths of 9999 meters or greater are represented as 9999.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 9999
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Surface_Temperature
Attribute_Definition:
Surface temperature in degrees C. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -3
Range_Domain_Maximum: 33.2
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Information:
Attribute_Value_Accuracy: 0.1
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Explanation: Temperature to the tenth degree C
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Surface_Salinity
Attribute_Definition:
Ocean surface salinity. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 40.3
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Salinity in parts per thousand
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.01
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Information:
Attribute_Value_Accuracy: 0.01
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Explanation: Salinity in nearest tenth of a part per thousand
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Barometric_Pressure
Attribute_Definition:
Barometric pressure to nearest tenths of a millibar (haPa). Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 902.9
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1113
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.01
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Information:
Attribute_Value_Accuracy: 0.01
Attribute_Value_Accuracy_Explanation: Pressure to nearest tenths of a millibar (haPa).
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Barometric_Trend
Attribute_Definition:
Steady, increasing (+) or decreasing (-) pressure. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Steady barometer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: +
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Rising barometer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Falling barometer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Wind_Speed
Attribute_Definition:
Wind speed in knots. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 55
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: knots
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sea_State
Attribute_Definition:
Based on the Beaufort Scale. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 5
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: knots
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Weather
Attribute_Definition:
This is a subjective field and not standardized with multiple code lists.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA and USFWS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 01
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Clouds generally dissolving
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NOAA F033-0159 Code Table
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 02
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: State of sky unchanged
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NOAA F033-0159 Code Table
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 03
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Clouds generaly forming
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NOAA F033-0159 Code Table
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 00
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Clear to partly cloudy 0-50%
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Gould, P. J., & Forsell, D. J. (1989). Techniques for shipboard surveys of marine birds (No. 25). US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 03
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Cloudy to overcast 51-100%
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Gould, P. J., & Forsell, D. J. (1989). Techniques for shipboard surveys of marine birds (No. 25). US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 41
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Fog (patchy)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Gould, P. J., & Forsell, D. J. (1989). Techniques for shipboard surveys of marine birds (No. 25). US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 43
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Fog (solid)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Gould, P. J., & Forsell, D. J. (1989). Techniques for shipboard surveys of marine birds (No. 25). US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 68
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Rain
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Gould, P. J., & Forsell, D. J. (1989). Techniques for shipboard surveys of marine birds (No. 25). US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 71
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Snow
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Gould, P. J., & Forsell, D. J. (1989). Techniques for shipboard surveys of marine birds (No. 25). US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 87
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Hail
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Gould, P. J., & Forsell, D. J. (1989). Techniques for shipboard surveys of marine birds (No. 25). US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sample_Area
Attribute_Definition:
Area of the sample bin in square kilometers. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: .0003
Range_Domain_Maximum: 58.36684
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Square kilometers
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Source
Attribute_Definition: The person that actually transferred the data to USGS.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
A complete listing of people responsible for data transfers can be found in the NPPSD Users Guide.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PI_Credit
Attribute_Definition:
The contributing scientist or organization. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
A complete listing of contributing scientists and organizations is provided in the NPPSD Users Guide.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DOI_Number
Attribute_Definition:
The Digital Object Identifier associated with the contributed data. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Although most of the datasets incorporated into the NPPSD do not have DOI numbers assigned, this will be more common in the future and provides a permanent link back to original data.
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: tbl_DATA_OBS
Entity_Type_Definition:
Microsoft Access 2003-2007 data table. The observation table contains observations from at-sea bird surveys in the North Pacific.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Master_Key
Attribute_Definition:
Up to 75-digit identifier that links observations to sample locations. Each unique record in the location table is associated with multiple or no observation records in the observation table. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: A character string (up to 75) identifying sample locations.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Sample_Area
Attribute_Definition:
Area of the sample bin in square kilometers. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: .0003
Range_Domain_Maximum: 58.36684
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Square Kilometers
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Common_Name
Attribute_Definition:
Common name of species observed. Note that in the Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: American Ornithological Union
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Common names were compared with the current (2019) American Ornithological Union list.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: NPPSDv3_Species_Codeset.xlsx
Codeset_Source:
Available at USGS-NPPSD website: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7WQ01T3
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Number
Attribute_Definition: Sum of a given species with similar behavior at this location.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 350000
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: individuals
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Density
Attribute_Definition: Number per square kilometer for a given species
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.01713
Range_Domain_Maximum: 339606.12
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: individuals per square kilometer
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: NPPSD_4_Letter_Code
Attribute_Definition:
Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore and hyphen in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: NPPSDv3_Species_Codeset.xlsx
Codeset_Source:
Available at USGS-NPPSD website: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7WQ01T3
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Modified_Behavior
Attribute_Definition:
Standardized behavior of the observed species. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Boat
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Bird was perched on the boat
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Dead
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Marine bird or mammal was observed dead on the water.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Feeding
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Marine bird or mammal observed actively foraging.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Flying
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Marine bird observed flying
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Marine bird or mammal observed on land.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Marine bird or mammal observed in the water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Unk
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No behavior specified
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Taxon
Attribute_Definition: Bird or Mammal
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Bird
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Marine Bird
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Mammal
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Marine mammal
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Comments
Attribute_Definition: Explanatory text with 254-character limit.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Originators.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Not Applicable
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OT_OBS
Attribute_Definition:
Field to identify noteable off-transect observations. Note that in the Access database the hyphen in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: On
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: On Transect
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Off
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Off Transect
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Unk
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Not specified
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Source
Attribute_Definition: The person that actually transferred the data to USGS.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
A complete listing of people responsible for data transfers can be found in the NPPSD Users Guide.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PI_Credit
Attribute_Definition:
The contributing scientist or organization. Code used to identify taxa on sampling surveys. Note that in the Access database the underscore in the field name is replaced with a space. This was required to make the legacy user interface function.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Author Defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
A complete listing of contributing scientists and organizations is provided in the NPPSD Users Guide.
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
The tbl_Location provides all general survey information including latitude, longitude, survey methodology, survey area, and local environmental conditions. The tbl_DATA_OBS contains marine Bird and marine mammal data include information of species, behavior, number, and density.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Complete descriptions can be found in the "North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database Users Guide" available from the U.S. Geological Survey. https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151123
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Distributor of the authoritative copy of the data.
Distribution_Liability:
Unless otherwise stated, all data, metadata and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. Although these data and associated metadata have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness and approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ZIP
Format_Version_Number: 19.0
Format_Specification: 7-Zip
Format_Information_Content:
Data distributed in CSV format. Data also provided in MS Access 2003 MDB format. Metadata provided in XML and HTML formats, along with a version history file.
File_Decompression_Technique:
Zip file has an ~90% compression. It can by unzipped by any number of zip packages. Allocate ~725Mb for decompressed file space.
Transfer_Size: 93.00
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7WQ01T3
Fees: None
Custom_Order_Process:
This distribution is for version 3.0. Version 2.0 is availalbe upon request.
Technical_Prerequisites:
The data is distributed in CSV format. However, the Observations table file size is 135Mb and may not load into MS Excel in entirety. It may be appropriate to use other applications. The data is also distributed in MDB file format and can be loaded into MS Access 2003 or later. The data file (backend) can be loaded independently, or, the custom user interface(frontend) can be loaded, offering additional functionality and data derivations. Please see the readme file (readme.txt) for frontend loading instructions. Please see NPPSD User Guide 2.0 for instructions on use of the user interface.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20201028
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 4210 University Drive,
City: Anchorage
State_or_Province: AK
Postal_Code: 99508
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 907-786-7000
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 907-786-7150
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ascweb@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999

Generated by mp version 2.9.50 on Tue Feb 11 16:27:27 2020