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Christian E. Zimmerman

Title: Research Fishery Biologist
Address: 4210 University Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508-4626
Phone: (907) 786-7071
Fax: (907) 786-7150
Email: czimmerman@usgs.gov

Image of Christian E. Zimmerman

Education and/or Training

Ph.D.2000Oregon State University, Corvallis, ORFishery Science
M.S.1996Oregon State University, Corvallis, ORFishery Science
B.S.1992Humboldt State University, Arcata, CAFishery Biology

Areas of Specialization and/or Research Interests

Population biology and ecology of salmonids. Life history variation in salmonids. Otolith microchemistry and microstructure. Community ecology.

Professional Experience

2001 - PresentResearch Fishery Biologist, USGS, Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, Alaska
2002 - PresentChair Scientific and Technical Committee, Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim Sustainable Salmon Initiative, Anchorage, Alaska
2000 - 2001Scientist, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
1997 - 2000Graduate Research Assistant, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
1995 - 1997Fishery Biologist, U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station, Corvallis, Oregon
1993 - 1995Graduate Research Assistant, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
1992Fishery Biologist, Thomas R. Payne and Associates/Pacific Land and Water Resources Consultants, Arcata, California
1991Teaching Assistant, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California
1990 - 1991Research Assistant, Institute of Limnology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
1989 - 1990Biological Technician, Redwood National Park, Arcata, California

Professional Activities and/or Memberships

American Fisheries Society
American Institute of Research Fishery Biologists Fellow and Alaska District Director
Society for Freshwater Science

Websites of Interest

Fish and Aquatic Ecology Research at the Alaska Science Center
Research Planning, Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim

Publications

Total pubs: 39

Carey, M. P. and C. E. Zimmerman. 2014. Physiological and ecological effects of increasing temperature on fish production in lakes of Arctic Alaska. Ecology and Evolution 4(10):1981-1993. doi:10.1002/ece3.1080 [Details] [Full Publication]

Walsworth, T. E., D. E. Schindler, J. R. Griffiths, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2014. Diverse juvenile life-history behaviours contribute to the spawning stock of an anadromous fish population. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. doi:10.1111/eff.12135 [Details] [Full Publication]

Von Biela, V. R., C. E. Zimmerman, B. R. Cohn, and J. M. Welker. 2013. Terrestrial and marine trophic pathways support young-of-year growth in a nearshore Arctic fish. Polar Biology 36(1):137-146. doi:10.1007/s00300-012-1244-x [Details] [Full Publication]

Black, B. A., V. R. Von Biela, C. E. Zimmerman, and R. J. Brown. 2013. Lake trout otolith chronologies as multidecadal indicators of high-latitude freshwater ecosystems. Polar Biology 36(1):147-153. doi:10.1007/s00300-012-1245-9 [Details] [Full Publication]

Nielsen, J. L., G. T. Ruggerone, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2013. Adaptive strategies and life history characteristics in a warming climate: salmon in the Arctic? . Environmental Biology of Fishes 96(10-11):1187-1226. doi:10.1007/s10641-012-0082-6 [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E., A. M. Ramey, S. M. Turner, F. J. Mueter, S. M. Murphy, and J. L. Nielsen. 2013. Genetics, recruitment, and migration patterns of Arctic Cisco (Coregonus autumnalis) in the Colville River, Alaska and Mackenzie River, Canada. Polar Biology 36(11):1543-1555. doi:10.1007/s00300-013-1372-y [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E., H. K. Swanson, E. C. Volk, and A. J. R. Kent. 2013. Species and life-history affect utility of otolith chemical composition to determine natal stream-of-origin in Pacific salmon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142:1370-1380. doi:10.1080/00028487.2013.811102 [Details] [Full Publication]

Hoem Neher, T. D., A. E. Rosenberger, C. E. Zimmerman, C. M. Walker, and S. J. Baird. 2013. Estuarine environments as rearing habitats for juvenile coho salmon in contrasting South-central Alaska watersheds. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142(6):1481-1494. doi:10.1080/00028487.2013.815660 [Details] [Full Publication]

Hoem Neher, T. D., A. E. Rosenberger, C. E. Zimmerman, C. M. Walker, and S. J. Baird. 2013. Use of glacier river-fed estuary channels by juvenile coho salmon: Transitional or rearing habitats. Environmental Biology of Fishes. doi:10.1007/s10641-013-0183-x [Details] [Full Publication]

Mills, J. S., J. B. Dunham, G. H. Reeves, J. R. MacMillan, C. E. Zimmerman, and C. E. Jordan. 2012. Variability in expression of anadromy by female Oncorhynchus mykiss within a river network. Environmental Biology of Fishes 93:505-517. doi:10.1007/s10641-011-9946-4 [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E., P. S. Rand, M. Fukushima, and S. F. Zolotukhin. 2012. Migration of Sakhalin taimen (Parahucho perryi): evidence of freshwater resident life history types. Environmental Biology of Fishes 93(2):223-232. doi:10.1007/s10641-011-9908-x [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E. and J. E. Finn. 2012. A simple method for in situ monitoring of water temperature in substrates used by spawning salmonids. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 3(2):288-295; e1944-687X. doi:10.3996/032012-JFWM-025 [Details] [Full Publication]

Curran, J. H., M. L. McTeague, S. E. Burril, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2011. Distribution, persistence, and hydrologic characteristics of salmon spawning habitats in clearwater side channels of the Matanuska River, southcentral Alaska. USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5102, 38 p. [Details] [Full Publication]

Von Biela, V. R., C. E. Zimmerman, and L. L. Moulton. 2011. Long-term increases in young-of-the-year growth of Arctic cisco (Coregonus autumnalis) and environmental influences. Journal of Fish Biology 78(1):39-56. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02832.x [Details] [Full Publication]

Nielsen, J. L., S. M. Turner, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2011. Electronic tags and genetics explore variation in migrating steelhead kelts, Ninilchik River, Alaska. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 68:1-16. doi:10.1139/F10-124 [Details] [Full Publication]

Donohoe, C. J. and C. E. Zimmerman. 2010. A method of mounting multiple otoliths for beam-based microchemical analyses. Environmental Biology of Fishes 89:473-477. doi:10.1007/s10641-010-9680-3 [Details] [Full Publication]

Burril, S. E., C. E. Zimmerman, J. E. Finn, and D. Gillikin. 2010. Abundance, timing of migration, and egg-to-smolt survival of juvenile chum salmon, Kwethluk River, Alaska, 2007 and 2008. USGS Open-File Report 2010-1028. [Details] [Full Publication]

Burril, S. E., C. E. Zimmerman, and J. E. Finn. 2010. Characteristics of fall chum salmon spawning habitat on a mainstem river in interior Alaska. USGS Open-File Report 2010-1164. [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E., G. W. Edwards, and K. Perry. 2009. Maternal origin and migratory history of steelhead and rainbow trout captured in rivers of the Central Valley, California. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 138(2):280-291. doi:10.1577/T08-044.1 [Details] [Full Publication]

Hillgruber, N. and C. E. Zimmerman. 2009. Estuarine ecology of juvenile salmon in western Alaska: A review. Pages 183-199 in C.C. Krueger and C.E. Zimmerman, (eds). Pacific salmon: Ecology and management of western Alaska's populations. American Fisheries Society Symposium 70. [Details]

Krueger, C. C. and C. E. Zimmerman. 2009. Pacific salmon: Ecology and management of western Alaska's populations. American Fisheries Society Symposium 70. [Details]

Zimmerman, C. E., C. A. Neal, and P. J. Haeussler. 2008. Natural hazards, fish habitat, and fishing communities in Alaska. American Fisheries Society Symposium 64:375-388. [Details] [Full Publication]

Nielsen, J. L., C. E. Zimmerman, A. M. Ramey, S. L. Graziano, and V. R. Von Biela. 2008. Testing molecular and otolith tools to investigate population of origin and migration in Arctic cisco found in the Colville River, Alaska. Technical Report submitted to MMS OCS Program, 51 p. [Details]

Zimmerman, C. E. and L. M. Zabkar. 2007. Weirs: Counting and sampling adult salmonids in streams and rivers. Pages 385-398 in Johnson, D.H., B.M. Schrier, J.S. O'Neal, J.A. Knutzen, X. Augerot, T.A. O'Neil, and T.N. Pearsons. Salmonid field protocols handbook: techniques for assessing status and trends in salmon and trout populations. American Fisheries Society 478 p. [Details] [Full Publication]

Nielsen, J. L., C. E. Zimmerman, S. L. Graziano, and A. M. Ramey. 2007. Testing molecular and otolith tools to investigate population of origin and migration in Arctic cisco found in the Colville River, Alaska. Technical Report submitted to MMS OCS Program, U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center, AK, 39 p. [Details]

Helle, J. H., L. B. Eisner, E. V. Farley, E. C. Martinson, A. Middleton, J. H. Moss, J. M. Murphy, J. A. Orsi, J. Pohl, M. V. Sturdevant, A. C. Wertheimer, B. L. Wing, R. D. Brodeur, R. Emmett, C. Bucher, B. MacFarlane, J. Harding, A. Ammann, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2007. Overview of current marine juvenile salmon research by the United States. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Bulletin Technical Report 7, 12-13. [Details]

AYK SSI, (Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim Sustainable Salmon Initiative). and C. E. Zimmerman. 2006. Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim Salmon Research and Restoration Plan. Bering Sea Fishermen's Association. [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E., N. Hillgruber, S. E. Burril, M. A. St. Peters, and J. D. Wetzel. 2005. Offshore marine observations of Willow Ptarmigan, including water landings, Kuskokwim Bay, Alaska. Wilson Bulletin 117(1):12-14. [Details]

Zimmerman, C. E. 2005. Relationship of otolith strontium-to-calcium ratios and salinity: experimental validation for juvenile salmonids. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62(1):88-97. doi:10.1139/f04-182 [Details] [Full Publication]

Nielsen, J. L., P. J. Richards, D. R. Wilson, C. E. Zimmerman, and T. Tingey. 2004. Testing electronic archival tags in Pacific salmon. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Restoration Project Final Report, (Restoration Project 02404), U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, Alaska. [Details]

Zimmerman, C. E. and J. L. Nielsen. 2004. Introduction: Special Issue Interactions of Hatchery and Wild Fishes in Marine and Estuarine Environments. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 14(3):301-303. [Details]

Nielsen, J. L., I. Williams, G. K. Sage, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2003. The importance of genetic verification for determination of Atlantic salmon in north Pacific waters. Journal of Fish Biology 62(4):871-878. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00072.x [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E. and R. L. Nielsen. 2003. Effect of analytical conditions on the measurement of strontium to calcium (Sr/Ca) ratios in otoliths of anadromous salmonids using wavelength dispersive electron microprobe analysis. Fishery Bulletin 101(3):712-718. [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E., R. W. Stonecypher, Jr., and M. C. Hayes. 2003. Migration of precocious male hatchery chinook salmon in the Umatilla River, Oregon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23(3):1006-1014. doi:10.1577/M02-015 [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E. and D. E. Ratliff. 2003. Controls on the distribution and life history of fish populations in the Deschutes River: Geology, Hydrology, and Dams. Pages 51-70 in Pages 53-70 in O'Connor, J.E., and G.E. Grant. A peculiar River: Geology, geomorphology, and hydrology of the Deschutes River, Oregon. Water Science and Application 7. American Geophysical Union [Details]

Zimmerman, C. E., J. E. Finn, S. H. Maclean, and J. M. Meka. 2003. Freshwater and early life history: Sources of variability in the production of alevins, fry, and smolts. U. S. Geological Survey Review Paper for the Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim Sustainable Salmon Initiative. Review Paper for the Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim Sustainable Salmon Initiative, USGS Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, Alaska, 24 p. [Details]

Zimmerman, C. E. and G. H. Reeves. 2002. Identification of steelhead and resident rainbow trout progeny in the Deschutes River, Oregon, revealed with otolith microchemistry. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131(5):986-993. doi:10.1577/1548-8659(2002)131<0986:IOSARR>2.0.CO;2 [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E. and G. H. Reeves. 2000. Population structure of sympatric anadromous and non-anadromous Oncorhynchus mykiss: evidence from spawning surveys and otolith microchemistry. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57:2152-2162. doi:10.1139/f00-192 [Details] [Full Publication]

Zimmerman, C. E. and H. Mosegaard. 1992. Initial feeding in migratory brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) alevins. Journal of Fish Biology 40:647-650. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1992.tb02612.x [Details] [Full Publication]

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