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Christian E. Zimmerman

Title: Research Fishery Biologist
Address: 4210 University Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508-4626
Phone: (907) 786-7071
Fax: (907) 786-7150

Image of Christian E. Zimmerman

Education and/or Training

Ph.D.2000Oregon State University, Corvallis, ORFishery Science
M.S.1996Oregon State University, Corvallis, ORFishery Science
B.S.1992Humboldt State University, Arcata, CAFishery Biology

Areas of Specialization and/or Research Interests

Population biology and ecology of salmonids. Life history variation in salmonids. Otolith microchemistry and microstructure. Community ecology.

Professional Experience

2001 - PresentResearch Fishery Biologist, USGS, Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, Alaska
2002 - PresentChair Scientific and Technical Committee, Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim Sustainable Salmon Initiative, Anchorage, Alaska
2000 - 2001Scientist, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
1997 - 2000Graduate Research Assistant, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
1995 - 1997Fishery Biologist, U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station, Corvallis, Oregon
1993 - 1995Graduate Research Assistant, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
1992Fishery Biologist, Thomas R. Payne and Associates/Pacific Land and Water Resources Consultants, Arcata, California
1991Teaching Assistant, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California
1990 - 1991Research Assistant, Institute of Limnology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
1989 - 1990Biological Technician, Redwood National Park, Arcata, California

Professional Activities and/or Memberships

American Fisheries Society
American Institute of Research Fishery Biologists – Fellow and Alaska District Director
Society for Freshwater Science

Significant Recent Publications

Walsworth, T. E., D. E. Schindler, J. R. Griffiths, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2014. Diverse juvenile life-history behaviours contribute to the spawning stock of an anadromous fish population. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. doi: 10.1111/eff.12135

Carey, M. P. and C. E. Zimmerman. 2014. Physiological and ecological effects of increasing temperature on fish production in lakes of Arctic Alaska. Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1002/ece3.1080

Hoem Neher, T. D., A. E. Rosenberger, C. E. Zimmerman, C. M. Walker, and S. J Baird. In Press. Use of glacier river-fed estuary channels by juvenile coho salmon: Transitional or rearing habitats. Environmental Biology of Fishes.

Black, B. A., V. R. von Biela, C. E. Zimmerman and R. J. Brown. 2013. Lake trout otolith chronologies as multidecadal indicators of high-latitude freshwater ecosystems. Polar Biology. 36:147-153. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-012-1245-9.

Hoem Neher, T. D., A. E. Rosenberger, C. E. Zimmerman, C. M. Walker, and S. J. Baird. 2013. Estuarine environments as rearing habitats for juvenile coho salmon in contrasting South-central Alaska watersheds. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 142(6):1481-1494. doi: 10.1080/00028487.2013.815660

Nielsen, J. L., G. T. Ruggerone, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2013. Adaptive strategies and life history characteristics in a warming climate: Salmon in the Arctic? Environmental Biology of Fishes 96(10-11):1187-1226. doi: 10.1007%2Fs10641-012-0082-6

von Biela, V. R., C. E. Zimmerman, B. R. Cohn, and J. M. Welker. 2013. Terrestrial and marine trophic pathways support young-of-year growth in a nearshore Arctic fish. Polar Biology 36(1):137-146. Published online 14 September 2012. doi:10.1007/s00300-012-1244-x

Zimmerman, C. E., A. M. Ramey, S. M. Turner, F. J. Mueter, S. M. Murphy, and J. L. Nielsen. 2013. Genetics, recruitment, and migration patterns of Arctic cisco (Coregonus autumnalis) in the Colville River, Alaska and Mackenzie River, Canada. Polar Biology 36(11):1543-1555. doi: 10.1007/s00300-013-1372-y

Zimmerman, C. E., H. K. Swanson, E. C. Volk, and A. J. R. Kent. 2013. Species and life-history affect utility of otolith chemical composition to determine natal stream-of-origin in Pacific salmon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142:1370-1380. doi: 10.1080/00028487.2013.811102

Zimmerman C. E. and J. E. Finn. 2012. A simple method for in situ monitoring of water temperature in substrates used by spawning salmonids. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 3(2):288-295; e1944-687X; doi: 10.3996/032012-JFWM-025

Zimmerman, C. E., P. R. Rand, M. Fukushima, and S. F. Zolotukhin. 2011. Migration of Sakhalin taimen (Parahucho perryi): Evidence of freshwater resident life history types. Environmental Biology of Fishes. DOI: 10.1007/s10641-011-9908-x

Mills, J. S., J. B. Dunham, G. H. Reeves, J. R. MacMillan, C. E. Zimmerman, and C. E. Jordan. 2012. Variability in expression of anadromy by female Oncorhynchus mykiss within a river network. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 93:505-517. doi: 10.1007/s10641-011-9946-4

Nielsen, J. L., S. M. Turner, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2011. Electronic tags and genetics explore variation in migrating steelhead kelts, Ninilchik River, Alaska. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 68:1-16. DOI: 10.1139/F10-124

von Biela, V. R., C. E. Zimmerman, and L. L. Moulton. 2011. Long-term increases in young-of-the-year growth of Arctic cisco (Coregonus autumnalis) and environmental influences. Journal of Fish Biology 78(1):39-56. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02832.x

Burril, S. E., C. E. Zimmerman, and J. E. Finn. 2010. Characteristics of fall chum salmon spawning habitat on a mainstem river in interior Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey, Open File Report 2010-1164.

Burril, S. E., C. E. Zimmerman, J. E. Finn, and D. Gillikin. 2010. Abundance, timing of migration, and egg-to-smolt survival of juvenile chum salmon, Kwethluk River, Alaska, 2007 and 2008. U.S. Geological Survey, Open File Report 2010-1028.

Donohoe, C. J., and C. E. Zimmerman. 2010. A method of mounting multiple otoliths for beam-based microchemical analyses. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 89:473-477. DOI 10.1007/s10641-010-9680-3.

Krueger C. C. and C. E. Zimmerman, editors. 2009. Pacific salmon: Ecology and management of western Alaska’s populations. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 70, Bethesda, Maryland.

Hillgruber, N. and C. E. Zimmerman. 2009. Estuarine ecology of juvenile salmon in western Alaska: A review. Pages 183 – 199 in C.C. Krueger and C.E. Zimmerman, editors. Pacific salmon: Ecology and management of western Alaska’s populations. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 70, Bethesda, Maryland.

Zimmerman, C. E., G. W. Edwards, and K. Perry. 2009. Maternal origin and migratory history of Oncorhynchus mykiss captured in rivers of the Central Valley, California. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 138:280-291. DOI: 10.1577/T08-044.1

Zimmerman, C. E., C. A. Neal, and P. J. Haeussler. 2008. Natural Hazards, Fish Habitat, and Fishing Communities in Alaska. Pages 375 - 388 In Mc Laughlin, K. [editor]. Mitigating Impacts of Natural Hazards on Fishery Ecosystems. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 64, Bethesda, Maryland.

Helle, J. H., L. B. Eisner, E. V. Farley, E. C. Martinson, A. Middleton, J. H. Moss, J. M. Murphy, J. A. Orsi, J. Pohl, M. V. Sturdevant, A. C. Wertheimer, B. L. Wing, R. D. Brodeur, R. Emmett, C. Bucher, B. MacFarlane, J. Harding, A. Ammann, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2007. Overview of current marine juvenile salmon research by the United States. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Technical Report No. 7:12-13.

Zimmerman, C. E. and L. M. Zabkar. 2007. Weirs: Counting and sampling adult salmonids in streams and rivers. pp. 385 to 398. In Johnson, D.H., B.M Schrier, J.S. O’Neal, J.A. Knutzen, X. Augerot, T.A. O’Neil, and T.N. Pearsons. Salmonid field protocols handbook: techniques for assessing status and trends in salmon and trout populations. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Zimmerman, C. E. 2005. Relationship of otolith strontium-to-calcium ratios and salinity: Experimental validation for juvenile salmonids. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 62:88-97. DOI: 10.1139/F04-182

Zimmerman, C. E., N. Hillgruber, S. E. Burril, M. A. St. Peters, and J. D. Wetzel. 2005. Offshore marine observation of willow ptarmigan including water landings, Kuskokwim Bay, Alaska. Wilson Bulletin. 117:12-14.

Zimmerman, C. E., R. W. Stonecypher, and M. C. Hayes. 2003. Migration of precocious male hatchery Chinook salmon in the Umatilla River, Oregon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 23:1007-1015. DOI: 10.1577/M02-015

Zimmerman, C. E., and R. L. Nielsen. 2003. Effect of analytical conditions in wavelength dispersive electron microprobe analysis on the measurement of strontium-to-calcium (Sr/Ca) ratios in otoliths of anadromous salmonids. Fishery Bulletin. 101:712-718.

Zimmerman, C. E., and D. E. Ratliff. 2003. Controls on the distribution and life history of fish populations in the Deschutes River: Geology, hydrology, and dams. pp. 53-70. In: O’Connor, J.E, and G.E. Grant. A peculiar River: Geology, geomorphology, and hydrology of the Deschutes River, Oregon. Water Science and Application 7, American Geophysical Union.

Nielsen, J. L., I. Williams, G. K. Sage, and C. E. Zimmerman. 2003. The importance of genetic verification for determination of Atlantic salmon in north Pacific waters. Journal of Fish Biology. 62:871-878. DOI: 10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00072.x

Zimmerman, C. E., and G. H. Reeves. 2002. Identification of steelhead and resident rainbow trout progeny in the Deschutes River, Oregon revealed with otolith microchemistry. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 131:986-993. DOI: 10.1577/1548-8659(2002)131<0986:IOSARR>2.0.CO;2

Zimmerman, C. E., and G. H. Reeves. 2000. Population structure of sympatric anadromous and non-anadromous Oncorhynchus mykiss: evidence from spawning surveys and otolith microchemistry. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 57:2152-2162. DOI: 10.1139/f00-192

Zimmerman, C., and H. Mosegaard. 1992. Initial feeding in migratory brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) alevins. Journal of Fish Biology. 40:647-650. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1992.tb02612.x

Websites of Interest

Fish and Aquatic Ecology Research at the Alaska Science Center
Research Planning, Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim

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