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ABOUT THE ALASKA
SCIENCE CENTER

SCIENCE OFFICES

CONFERENCES

USGS ALASKA DATA RESOURCES

OTHER ALASKA AREA
SCIENCE OFFICES

Sandra L. Talbot

Title: Research Wildlife Geneticist
Address: 4210 University Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508-4626
Phone: (907) 786-7188
Fax: (907) 786-7021
Email: stalbot@usgs.gov

Image of Sandra L. Talbot

Education and/or Training

Ph.D.1999University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AKBiology
M.S.1985Brigham Young University, Salt Lake City, UTZoology
B.S.1981Brigham Young University, Provo, UTRange and Wildlife Management
BFAFine Arts University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, Alaska

Areas of Specialization and/or Research Interests

Evolutionary and population genetics of circumpolar vertebrate and plant species, conservation biology of circumpolar wildlife species.

Professional Experience

1998 - PresentResearch Geneticist (Wildlife), USGS, Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, Alaska
1997Wildlife Geneticist, Self-employed contractor
1991 - 1994Research Fellow, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
1991 - 1994Biological Technician, USFWS, Anchorage, Alaska
1990 - 1991Teaching Assistant, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska
1987 - 1989Biological Technician, USFWS, Anchorage, Alaska
1987Veterinary Assistant, Faith Veterinary Clinic, Eagle River, Alaska
1985 - 1986Wildlife Biologist, USFWS, Nowitna NWR, Galena, Alaska
1984 - 1985Research Associate, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
1981 - 1984Teaching Assistant, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah
1981 - 1984Editorial Assistant, Raptor research Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah
1978 - 1981Research Technician, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah
1974 - 1977Morse Systems Operator, U.S. Air Force

Professional Activities and/or Memberships

Present:
Society for the Study of Evolution
Society of Molecular Biology and Evolution
Society of Systematic Biologists
The Guild of Natural Science Illustrators
The Audubon Society
Past:
The Raptor Research Foundation
The International Bear Association

Significant Recent Publications

Hope, A. G., S. Y. W. Ho, J. L. Malaney, J. A. Cook, and S. L. Talbot. 2014. Accounting for rate variation among lineages in comparative demographic analyses. Evolution. in press. doi: 10.1111/evo.12469

Roffler, G. H., S. L. Talbot, G. Luikart, G. K. Sage, K. Pilgrim, L. G. Adams, and M. K. Schwartz. 2014. Lack of sex-biased dispersal promotes fine-scale genetic structure in alpine ungulates. Conservation Genetics. doi:10.1007/s10592-014-0583-2

Pearce, J. M., J. M. Eadie, J-P. L. Savard, T. K. Christensen, J. Berdeen, E. J. Taylor, S. Boyd, A. Einarsson, and S. L. Talbot. 2014. Comparative population structure of cavity-nesting sea ducks. Auk, In Press.

Sonsthagen, S. A., K. Fales, C. V. Jay, G. K. Sage, and S. L. Talbot. 2014. Spatial variation and low diversity in the Major Histocompatibility Complex in walrus (Odobenus rosmarus). Polar Biology, In Press.

Farley, S. D., S. L. Talbot, G. K. Sage, R. Sinnott, and J. Coltrane. 2013. Use of DNA from bite marks to determine species and individuals animals that attack humans. Wildlife Society Bulletin: in press.

Walker, L. R., D. S. Sikes, A. R. DeGange, S. C. Jewett, G. Michaelson, S. L. Talbot, S. S. Talbot, B. Wang, and J. C. Williams. Biological legacies direct early ecosystem recovery and food web reorganization after a volcanic eruption in Alaska. EcoScience 20(3): In press.

Bayard del Volo, S., R. T. Reynolds, S. A. Sonsthagen, S. L. Talbot, and M. F. Antolin. 2013. Phylogeography, post-glacial gene flow and population history of North American Goshawks. Auk 130(2): 342-354. doi: 10.1525/auk.2013.12120.

Dawson, N. G., A. G. Hope, S. L. Talbot, and J. A. Cook. 2013. A multi-locus evaluation of ermine (Mustela erminea) across the Holarctic, testing hypotheses of Quaternary diversification in response to climate change. Journal of Biogeography, In Press.

Deardorff, E. R., R. A. Nofchissey, J. A. Cook, A. G. Hope, A. Tsvetkova, S. L. Talbot, and G. D. Ebel. 2013. Serological evidence of Powassen Virus in mammals from Russia, Alaska, and New Mexico, 2004-2007. Emerging Infectious Disease, In Press.

Hope, A. G., N. Panter, J. A. Cook, S. L. Talbot, and D. W. Nagorsen. 2013. Multi-locus phylogeography and systematic revision of North American water shrews (genus: Sorex). Journal of Mammalogy, In Press.

Roffler, G. H., L. G. Adams, S. L. Talbot, G. K. Sage, and B. W. Dale. 2012. Range overlap and individual movements during breeding season influence genetic relationships of caribou herds in south-central Alaska. Journal of Mammalogy 93(5):1318-1330. doi: 10.1644/11-MAMM-A-275.1

Hope, A. G., E. Waltari, D. C. Payer, J. A. Cook, and S. L. Talbot. 2013. Future distribution of tundra refugia in northern Alaska. Nature Climate Change. doi:10.1038/nclimate1926.

White, C. M., S. A. Sonsthagen, S. L. Talbot, G. K. Sage, C. M. Anderson, T. Maechtle, and J. Longmire. 2013. Genetic relationships among some subspecies of Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus L.), inferred from mitochondrial DNA control region sequences. Auk. 130(1):78-87. doi: 10.1525/auk.2012.11173

Pearce, J., T. DeGange, P. Flint, T. Fondell, D. Gustine, L. Holland-Bartels, A. Hope, J. Hupp, J. Koch, S. Talbot, D. Ward, and M. Whalen. 2012. Changing Arctic Ecosystems—Measuring and forecasting the response of Alaska's terrestrial ecosystem to a warming climate. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2012-3144, 4 p.

Sonsthagen, S. A., G. K. Sage, M. Fowler, A. G. Hope, J. A. Cook, and S. L.Talbot. 2012. Development and characterization of 21 polymorphic microsatellite markers for the barren-ground shrew, Sorex ugyunak (Mammalia: Sorcidae), through next-generation sequencing, and cross-species amplification in the masked shrew, S. cinereus. Conservation Genetics Resources, doi: 10.1007/s12686-012-9792-5.

Hope, A. G., N. Takebayashi, K. E. Galbreath, S. L. Talbot, and J. A. Cook. 2012. Temporal, spatial, and ecological dynamics of speciation among amphi-Beringian small mammals. Journal of Biogeography 40(3):415-429. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12056

Dial C. R. S. L. Talbot, G. K. Sage, M. T. Seidensticke and D. W. Holt. 2012. Cross-species amplification of microsatellite markers in the Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus and Snowy Owl B. scandiacus for use in population genetics, individual identification and parentage studies. Yamashina Institute for Ornithology 44:1–12.

Miller, W., S. C. Schuster, A. J. Welch, A. Ratan, O. C. Bedoya-Reina, F. Zhao, H. Lim Kim, R. C. Burhans, D. I. Drautz, N. E. Wittekindt, L. P. Tomsho, E. Ibarra-Laclette, L. Herrera-Estrella, E. Peacock, S. Farley, G. K. Sage, K. Rode, M. Obbard, R. Montiel, L. Bachmann, Ó. Ingólfsson, J. Aars, T. Mailund, Ø. Wiig, S. L. Talbot, and C. Lindqvist. 2012. Polar and brown bear genomes reveal ancient admixture and demographic footprints of past climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210506109

Hope, A. G., E. Waltari, V. B. Fedorov, A. V. Goropashnaya, S. L. Talbot, and J. A. Cook. 2011. Persistence and diversification of the Holarctic shrew (Sorex tundrensis), in response to climate change. Molecular Ecology 20(20):4346-4370. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05226.x

Sonsthagen, S. A., S. L. Talbot, R. E. Wilson, M. R. Petersen, G. V. Byrd, J. C. Williams, and K. G. McCracken. 2013. Genetic structure of the Common Eiders in the western Aleutian Islands prior to fox eradication. Condor 115:28-39. doi: 10.1525/cond.2012.110054

Gangoso, L., M. Alcaide, J. M. Grande, J. Munoz, S. L. Talbot, S. A. Sonsthagen, G. K. Sage, and J. Figuerola. 2012. Colonizing the world in spite of reduced MHC variation. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25(7):1438-1447. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2012.02529.x

Hope, A. G., K. A. Speer, J. R. Demboski, S. L. Talbot, and J. A. Cook. 2012. A climate for speciation: Rapid spatial diversification within the Sorex cinereus complex of shrews. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64:671-684. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.05.021

Sonsthagen, S. A., T. J. Coonan, B. C. Latta, G. K. Sage, and S. L. Talbot. 2012. Effect of a recent colonization on genetic diversity of a territorial raptor the Golden Eagle. Biological Conservation 146:116-122.doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2011.11.031

Sonsthagen, S. A., C. V. Jay, A. S. Fischbach, G. K. Sage, and S. L. Talbot. 2012. Spatial genetic structure and asymmetrical gene flow within the Pacific walrus. Journal of Mammalogy 93(6):1512-1524. doi: 10.1644/11-MAMM-A-344.1

Sonsthagen, S. A., E. L. McClaren, F. I. Doyle, K. Titus, G. K. Sage, R. E. Wilson, J. R. Gust, and S. L. Talbot. 2012. Identification of metapopulation dynamics in Northern Goshawk of the Alexander Archipelago and coastal British Columbia. Conservation Genetics, 13:1045-1057. doi: 10.1007/s10592-012-0352-z

Sonsthagen, S. A., R. N. Rosenfield, J. Bielefeldt, R. K. Murphy, A. C. Stewart, W. E. Stout, T. G. Driscoll, M. A. Bozek, B. L. Sloss, and S. L. Talbot. 2012. Genetic and morphological divergence among Cooper’s Hawk (Accipiter cooperi) populations breeding in north-central and western North America. The Auk 129:1-11.

Toussaint, R., D. Scheel, G.K. Sage, and S.L. Talbot. 2012. Nuclear and mitochondrial markers reveal evidence for genetically segregated cryptic speciation in giant Pacific octopuses from Prince William Sound, Alaska. Conservation Genetics 13:1483-1497. doi: 10.1007/s10592-012-0392-4

Williams, I., B. M. Guzzetti, J. R. Gust, G. K. Sage, R. E. Gill Jr., T. L. Tibbitts, S. A. Sonsthagen, and S.L. Talbot. 2012. Polymorphic microsatellite loci identified through development and cross-species amplification within shorebirds. Journal of Ornithology. 153:593-601. doi: 10.1007/s10336-011-0811-1

Booms, T. L., S. L. Talbot, G. K. Sage, B. J. McCaffery, K. G. McCracken, and P. L. Schempf. 2011. Nest-site fidelity and dispersal of gyrfalcons estimated by noninvasive genetic sampling. Condor 113:768-778.

Harding, A. M., J. Welker, H. Steen, K. C. Hamer, A. S. Kitaysky, J. Fort, S. L. Talbot, L. A. Cornick, N. J. Karovsky, G. W. Gabrielsen, and D. Grémillet. 2011. Adverse foraging conditions may impact body mass and survival of a high Arctic seabird. Oecologia 167:49-59. doi: 10.1007/s00442-011-1971-7

Handel, C. M., L. M. Pajot, S. M. Matsuoka, C. V. Hemert, J. Terenzi, S. L. Talbot, D. M. Mulcahy, C. U. Meteyer, and K. A. Trust. 2010. Epizootic of beak deformities among wild birds in Alaska: An emerging disease in North America? The Auk 127(4):882-898.

Hull, J. M., D. P. Mindell, S. L. Talbot, E. H. Kay, H. E. Hoekstra, and H. B. Ernest. 2010. Population structure and plumage polymorphism: The intraspecific evolutionary relationships of a polymorphic raptor, Buteo jamaicensis harlani. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010 10:224.

Johnson, J.A., S. L. Talbot, G. K. Sage, K. K. Burnham, J. W. Brown, T. L. Maechtle, W. S. Seegar, M. A. Yates, B. Anderson, and D. P. Mindell. 2010. Relevance of genetics for the management of recovering populations: Temporal assessment of migratory Peregrine Falcons in North America. PloS One 5(11):e14042. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014042

Lindqvist, C., S. C. Schuster, Y. Sun, S. L. Talbot, J. Qi, A. Ratan, L. P. Tomsho, L. Kasson, E. Zeyl, J. Aars, W. Miller, Ó. Ingólfsson, L. Bachmann, and Øystein Wiig. 2010. Complete mitochondrial genome of a Pleistocene jawbone unveils the origin of polar bear. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 107:5053-5057.

Sonsthagen, S. A., S. L. Talbot, K. Scribner, and K. McCracken. 2010. Multilocus phylogeography and population structure of Common Eiders breeding in North America and Scandinavia. Journal of Biogeography: in press.

Sonsthagen, S. A., S. L. Talbot, R. B. Lanctot, and K. G. McCracken. 2010. Do Common Eiders nest in kin groups? Microgeographic genetic structure in a philopatric sea duck. Molecular Ecology 19:647-657.

Talbot, S. S., W. B. Schofield, S. L. Talbot, and F. J. A. Daniëls. 2010. Vegetation of eastern Unalaska Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Botany 88(4):366-388.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, and L. R. Walker. 2010. Legacy effects and their implications for long-term recovery of the vegetation on Kasatochi Volcano, Alaska. Arctic, Alpine and Antarctic Research 42(3):285-296.

Weckworth, B. V., S. L. Talbot and J. A. Cook. 2010. Phylogeography of wolves in the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Mammalogy 91(2):363-375.

Harding, A. M. A., A. S. Kitaysky, M. E. Hall, J. Welker, N. J. Karnovsky, S.L. Talbot, K. Hamer, and D. Grémillet. 2009. Flexibility in the parental effort of an arctic breeding seabird. Functional Ecology 23(2):348:358.

Harding, A. M. A., A. S. Kitaysky, K. C. Hamer, M. E. Hall, J. Welker, S.L. Talbot, N. J. Karnovsky, G. W. Gabielsen, D. Grémillet. 2009. Impacts of experimentally increased foraging effort on the family: Offspring sex matters. Animal Behaviour 78(2):321-328.

Mulard, H., E. Danchin, S. L. Talbot, A. M. Ramey, S. A. Hatch, J. F. White, F. Helfenstein, and R. H. Wagner. 2009. Evidence that pairing with genetically similar mates is maladaptive in a monogamous bird. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:147.

Sonsthagen, S. A., S. L. Talbot, R. A. Lanctot, K. Scribner, and K. McCracken. 2009. Hierarchical spatial genetic structure of Common Eiders (Somateria mollissima) breeding along a migratory corridor. The Auk 126(4):744-754.

Wylie-Echeverria, S., S. L. Talbot and J. R. Rearick. 2009. Genetic structure and diversity of Zostera marina (eelgrass) in the San Juan Archipelago, Washington, USA. Estuaries and Coasts 33(4):811-827.

Fischbach, A. S., Jay, C., Jackson, J. V., L. W. Andersen, G. K. Sage and S. L. Talbot. 2008. Molecular method for determining the sex of walrus. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(8):1808-1812.

Jackson, J. V., S. L. Talbot and S. Farley. 2008. Genetic characterization of Kenai brown bears (Ursus arctos): microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA control region variation in brown bears of the Kenai Peninsula, south central Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology 86(7): 756-764.

Talbot, S. S. and S. L. Talbot. 2008. Meadow and low shrub vegetation of Tuxedni Wilderness, Alaska. Abhandlungen des Westfälischen Museums für Naturkunde 70:367-378.

Guzzetti, B. M., S. L. Talbot, D. F. Tessler, V. A. Gill and E. C. Murphy. 2008. Secrets in the eyes of Black Oystercatchers: A new sexing technique. Journal of Field Ornithology: 79(2):215-223.

Sonsthagen, S. A., S. L. Talbot and K. G. McCracken. 2007. Genetic characterization of Common Eiders breeding in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. The Condor 109(4):879-894.

Handel, C. M., L. M. Pajot, S. L. Talbot and G. K. Sage. 2006. Use of buccal swabs for sampling DNA from nestling and adult birds. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34(4):1094-1100.

Muniz-Salazar, R., S. L. Talbot, G. K. Sage, D. H. Ward, and A. Cabello-Pasini. 2006. Genetic structure of eelgrass Zostera marina meadows in an embayment with restricted water flow. Marine Ecology Progress Series 309:107-116.

Pearce, J. P. and S. L. Talbot. 2006. Genetics, demography and the value of mixed messages. The Condor 108(2):474–479.

Talbot, S. L. 2006. Molecular systematics and population genetics of Alaska brown bear (Ursus arctos L.). Ph. D. thesis, University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Talbot, S. L., S. Wyllie-Echeverria, D. H. Ward, J. R. Rearick, G. K. Sage and B. Chesney. 2006. Genetic characterization of Zostera asiatica Miki reported on the Pacific Coast of North America. Aquatic Botany 85(3):169-176.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot and W. B. Schofield. 2006. Vascular flora of Izembek National Wildlife Refuge, westernmost Alaska Peninsula, Alaska. Rhodora 108(935):249-293.

Pearce, J. P., S. L. Talbot, M Petersen and J. R. Rearick. 2005. Limited genetic differentiation among breeding, molting, and wintering groups of the threatened Steller’s Eider: The role of historic and contemporary factors. Conservation Genetics 6(5):743-757.

Muñiz-Salazar, R. M., S. L. Talbot, G. K. Sage, D. H. Ward and A. Cabello-Pasini. 2005. Population genetic structure of annual and perennial populations of Zostera marina L. along the Pacific coast of Baja California and the Gulf of California. Molecular Ecology 14(3):711-722.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot and F. J. Daniëls. 2005. Comparative phytosociological investigation of subalpine alder thickets in southwestern Alaska and the North Pacific. Phytocoenologia 35(4):727-759.

Weckworth, B. V., S. L. Talbot, G. K. Sage, J. A. Cook. 2005. A signal for independent coastal and continental histories among North American wolves. Molecular Ecology 14(4):917-931.

Daniëls, F. J. A., S. S. Talbot, S. L. Talbot and W. B. Schofield. 2004. A phytosociological study of the dwarf shrub heath of Simeonof Wilderness, Shumagin Islands, southwestern Alaska. Phytocoenologia 34(3):465-489.

Erpenbeck, D., A. L. Knowlton, S. L. Talbot, R. C. Highsmith and R. W. M. Van Soest. 2004. A molecular comparison of Alaskan and northeast Atlantic Halicondria panicea (Pallas 1766) (Porifera: Demospongiae) populations. Boll. Mus. Ist. Univ. Genova 68:319-325.

Pearce, J. M., S. L. Talbot, B. J. Pierson, M. R. Petersen, K. T. Scribner, D. L. Dickson, and A. Mosbech. 2004. Lack of spatial genetic structure among nesting and wintering King Eiders. The Condor 106(2):229-240.

Schofield, W. B., S. S. Talbot and S. L. Talbot. 2004. Bryophytes from Simeonof Island in the Shumagin Islands, southwestern Alaska. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 95:155-198.

Sonsthagen, S. A., S. L. Talbot and C. M. White. 2004. Gene flow and genetic characterization of Northern Goshawks breeding in Utah. The Condor 106(4): 826-836.

Knowlton, A. L., B. J. Pierson, S. L. Talbot and R. C. Highsmith. 2003. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in the intertidal sponge Halichondria panicea. Molecular Ecology Notes 3(4):560-562.

Scribner, K. T., S. L. Talbot, J. M. Pearce, B. J. Pierson, K. Bollinger and D. Derksen. 2003. Phylogeography of Canada Geese (Branta canadensis) in western North America. The Auk 120(3):889-907.

Talbot, S. L., J. M. Pearce, B. J. Pierson, D. V. Derksen and K. T. Scribner. 2003. Molecular status of the Dusky Canada Goose (Branta canadensis occidentalis): A genetic assessment of a translocation effort. Conservation Genetics 4(3):367-381.

Talbot, S, L. and S. S. Talbot. 2003. A new population of Aleutian shield fern (Polystichum aleuticum C. Christens.) on Adak Island, Alaska. American Fern Journal 92(4):288-293.

Schofield, W. B., S.S. Talbot, and S. L. Talbot. 2002. Bryophytes from Tuxedni Wilderness Area, Alaska. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory No. 92:91-123.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, J. W. Thomson, F. J. A. Daniels and W. B. Schofield. 2002. Lichens from Simeonof Wilderness, Shumagin Islands, southwestern Alaska. The Bryologist 105(1):111-121.

Scribner, K. T., M. R. Petersen, R. L. Fields, S. L. Talbot, J. M. Pearce, and R. K. Chesser. 2001. Sex-biased gene flow in Spectacled Eiders (Anatidae): Inferences from molecular markers with contrasting modes of inheritance. Evolution 55(10):2105-2115.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, J. W. Thomson, and W. B. Schofield. 2001. Lichens of St. Matthew and St. Paul Islands, Bering Sea, Alaska. The Bryologist 104(1):47-58.

Pearce, J. M., B. J. Pierson, S. L. Talbot, D. V. Derksen, D. Kraege and K. T. Scribner. 2000. A genetic evaluation of morphology used to identify hunter-harvested Canada Geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 64(3):863-874.

Pierson, B. J., J. M. Pearce, S. L. Talbot, G. F. Shields and K. T. Scribner. 2000. Molecular genetic status of Aleutian Canada Geese from Buildir and the Semidi Islands, Alaska. The Condor 102(1):172-180.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, J. W. Thomson, and W. B. Schofield. 2000. Lichens of Izembek National Wildlife Refuge, westernmost Alaska Peninsula. The Bryologist 103(2):379-389.

Lanctot, R., B. Goatcher, K. Scribner, S. Talbot, B. Pierson, D. Esler, and D. Zwiefelhofer. 1999. Harlequin Duck recovery from the Exxon Valdez oil spill: A population genetics perspective. The Auk 116(3):781-791.

Daniëls, F. J. A., S. S. Talbot, S. L. Talbot, and W. B. Schofield. 1998. Geobotanical aspects of Simeonof Island, Shumagin Islands, southwestern Alaska. Ber. d. Reinh.-Tüxen-Ges. 10:125-138.

Waits, L.P., S.L. Talbot, R.H. Ward and G.F. Shields. 1998. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of the North American brown bear and implications for conservation. Conservation Biology 12(4):408-417.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, J. W. Thomson, and W. B. Schofield. 1997. Lichens of Adak Island, central Aleutian Islands, Alaska. The Bryologist 100(2):241-250.

Heaton, T. H., S. L. Talbot and G. F. Shields. 1996. An ice age refugium for large mammals in the Alexander Archipelago, southeastern Alaska. Quaternary Research 46(2):186-192.

Talbot (Looman), S. J., D. L. Shirley and C. M. White. 1996. Productivity, food habits and associated variables of Barn Owls utilizing nest boxes in north central Utah. Great Basin Naturalist 56:73-84.

Talbot, S. L. and G.F. Shields. 1996a. Phylogeography of brown bears (Ursus arctos) of Alaska and paraphyly within the Ursdiae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 5(3):477-494.

Talbot, S. L. and G. F. Shields. 1996b. A phylogeny of the bears inferred from complete sequences of three mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 5(3):567-575.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, and S. L. Welsh. 1995. Botanical reconnaissance of the Tuxedni Wilderness Area, Alaska. Biological Science Report 6. U. S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, D.C. 41 pp.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, and W. B. Schofield. 1995. Contribution toward an understanding of Polystichum aleuticum C. Chr. on Adak Island, central Aleutian Islands, Alaska. American Fern Journal 85(3):83-88.

Talbot, S. S. and S. L. Talbot. 1994. Numerical classification of the coastal vegetation of Attu Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Journal of Vegetation Science 5(6):867-876.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, and J. W. Thomson. 1992. Lichens of Tuxedni Wilderness Area, Alaska. The Bryologist 95(1):20-30.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, and J. W. Thomson. 1991. Lichens of Attu Island, Alaska. The Bryologist 94(4):421-426.

Talbot, S. S., S. L. Talbot, and J. W. Thomson. 1990. Contribution to the knowledge of the lichen flora of Hagemeister Island, Bering Sea, Alaska. Evansia 7:49-53.

Talbot, S. S., Looman, S. J., and S. L. Welsh. 1988. Cicuta bulbifera L. (Umbelliferae) in Alaska. The Great Basin Naturalist 48:382.

Looman, S. J., 1985. Productivity, food habits and sexing of Barn Owls in Utah. Master’s Thesis, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.

Looman, S. J., D. A. Boyce, C. M. White, D. L. Shirley and W. M. Mader. 1985. Use of ultralight aircraft for raptor nesting surveys. Wildlife Society Bulletin 13(4):539-543.

Barrett, B. A., C. L. Jorgensen and S. J. Looman. 1985. Foraging recruitment by the Giant Tropical Ant Paraponera clavata (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pan Pacific Entomology 16:334-338.

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