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Joel A. Schmutz

Title: Research Wildlife Biologist
Address: 4210 University Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508-4626
Phone: (907) 786-7186
Fax: (907) 786-7021
Email: jschmutz@usgs.gov


Education and/or Training

Ph.D.2000University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AKBiology
M.S.1988Colorado State UniversityWildlife Biology
B.S.1985University of VermontWildlife and Fisheries Biology

Publications

Total pubs: 89

Lemons, P. R., T. C. Marshall, S. E. McCloskey, S. A. Sethi, J. A. Schmutz, and J. S. Sedinger. 2015. A likelihood-based approach for assessment of extra-pair paternity and conspecific brood parasitism in natural populations. Molecular Ecology Resources 15(1):107-116. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12287 [Details] [Full Publication]

Uher-Koch, B. D., J. A. Schmutz, and K. G. Wright. 2015. Nest visits and capture events affect breeding success of Yellow-billed and Pacific Loons. Condor In Press. [Details]

Ramey, A. M., J. A. Schmutz, J. A. Reed, G. Fujita, B. D. Scotton, B. Casler, J. P. Fleskes, K. Konishi, K. Ushida, and M. J. Yabsley. 2015. Evidence for intercontinental parasite exchange through molecular detection and characterization of haematozoa in northern pintails (Anas acuta) sampled throughout the North Pacific Basin. International Journal of Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife In Press. [Details]

Rizzolo, D. J., J. A. Schmutz, S. E. McCloskey, and T. F. Fondell. 2014. Factors influencing nest survival and productivity of red-throated loons (Gavia stellata) in Alaska. Condor 116(4):574-587. doi:10.1650/CONDOR-14-25.1 [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, P. J. Heglund, J. Rover, J. C. Koch, and M. R. Bertram. 2014. Pronounced chemical response of Subarctic lakes to climate-driven losses in surface area. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.12759 [Details] [Full Publication]

Haynes, T. B., J. A. Schmutz, M. S. Lindberg, K. G. Wright, B. D. Uher-Koch, and A. E. Rosenberger. 2014. Occupancy of Yellow-billed and Pacific loons: Evidence for interspecific competition and habitat mediated co-occurrence. Journal of Avian Biology 45(3):296-304. doi:10.1111/jav.00394 [Details] [Full Publication]

Christie, K. S., M. S. Lindberg, R. W. Ruess, and J. A. Schmutz. 2014. Spatio-temporal patterns of Ptarmigan occupancy relative to shrub cover in the Arctic. Polar Biology 37(8):1111-1120. doi:10.1007/s00300-014-1504-z [Details] [Full Publication]

Evers, D. C., J. A. Schmutz, N. Basu, C. R. DeSorbo, J. S. Fair, C. E. Gray, J. Paruk, M. Perkins, K. Regan, B. D. Uher-Koch, and K. G. Wright. 2014. Historic and contemporary mercury exposure and potential risk to Yellow-billed Loons breeding in Alaska and Canada. Waterbirds 37(sp1):147-159. doi:10.1675/063.037.sp117 [Details] [Full Publication]

Haynes, T. B., J. A. Schmutz, M. S. Lindberg, and A. E. Rosenberger. 2014. Risk of predation and weather events affect nest site selection by sympatric Yellow-billed and Pacific loons in Arctic habitats. Waterbirds 37(sp1):16-25. doi:10.1675/063.037.sp104 [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., K. G. Wright, C. R. DeSorbo, J. S. Fair, D. C. Evers, B. D. Uher-Koch, and D. M. Mulcahy. 2014. Size and retention of breeding territories of yellow-billed loons in Alaska and Canada. Waterbirds 37(sp1):53-63. doi:10.1675/063.037.sp108 [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 2014. Survival of adult Red-throated Loons (Gavia stellata) may be linked to marine conditions. Waterbirds 37(sp1):118-124. doi:10.1675/063.037.sp114 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ramey, A. M., J. A. Reed, J. A. Schmutz, T. F. Fondell, B. W. Meixell, J. W. Hupp, D. H. Ward, J. Terenzi, and C. R. Ely. 2014. Prevalence, transmission, and genetic diversity of blood parasites infecting tundra-nesting geese in Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology 92(8):699-706. doi:10.1139/cjz-2014-0041 [Details] [Full Publication]

Haynes, T. B., A. E. Rosenberger, M. S. Lindberg, M. Whitman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2014. Patterns of lake occupancy by fish indicate different adaptations to life in a harsh Arctic environment. Freshwater Biology. doi:10.1111/fwb.12391 [Details] [Full Publication]

Tape, K. D., J. M. Pearce, D. Walworth, B. W. Meixell, T. F. Fondell, D. D. Gustine, P. L. Flint, J. W. Hupp, J. A. Schmutz, and D. H. Ward. 2014. Historical and contemporary imagery to assess ecosystem change on the Arctic coastal plain of northern Alaska. USGS Open-File Report 2014-1140, 22 p. doi:10.3133/ofr20141140 [Details] [Full Publication]

Uher-Koch, B. D., J. A. Schmutz, M. E. Whalen, and J. M. Pearce. 2014. Changing Arctic ecosystems - Ecology of loons in a changing Arctic. USGS Fact Sheet 2014–3093, 2 p. doi:10.3133/fs20143093 [Details] [Full Publication]

Uher-Koch, B. D., D. Esler, R. D. Dickson, J. W. Hupp, J. R. Evenson, E. M. Anderson, J. Barrett, and J. A. Schmutz. 2014. Survival of Surf Scoters and White-Winged Scoters during remigial molt. Journal of Wildlife Management 78(7):1189-1196. doi:10.1002/jwmg.774 [Details] [Full Publication]

Koons, D. N., G. Gunnarsson, J. A. Schmutz, and J. J. Rotella. 2014. Drivers of waterfowl population dynamics: from teal to swans. Wildfowl Special Issue 4:169-191. [Details]

Ramey, A. M., J. P. Fleskes, J. A. Schmutz, and M. J. Yabsley. 2013. Evaluation of blood and muscle tissues for molecular detection and characterization of haematozoa infections in Northern Pintails (Anas acuta) wintering in California. . International Journal of Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 2:102-109. doi:10.1016/j.ijppaw.2013.02.001 [Details] [Full Publication]

Wilson, H. M., J. S. Hall, P. L. Flint, J. C. Franson, C. R. Ely, J. A. Schmutz, and M. D. Samuel. 2013. High seroprevalence of antibodies to avian influenza viruses among wild waterfowl in Alaska: Implications for surveillance. PLoS One 8(3):e58308. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058308 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ely, C. R., J. S. Hall, J. A. Schmutz, J. M. Pearce, and J. Terenzi. 2013. Evidence that life history characteristics of wild birds influence infection and exposure to Influenza A viruses. PLoS One 8(3):e57614. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057614 [Details] [Full Publication]

Fondell, T. F., P. L. Flint, J. A. Schmutz, J. L. Schamber, and C. A. Nicolai. 2013. Variation in body mass dynamics among sites in Black Brant Branta bernicla nigricans supports adaptivity of mass loss during moult. Ibis 155(3):593-604. doi:10.1111/ibi.12056 [Details] [Full Publication]

Reeves, A. B., J. M. Pearce, A. M. Ramey, C. R. Ely, J. A. Schmutz, P. L. Flint, D. V. Derksen, H. S. Ip, and K. A. Trust. 2013. Genomic analysis of avian influenza viruses from waterfowl in Western Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 49(3):600-610. doi:10.7589/2012-04-108 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ely, C. R., D. J. Neiman, R. T. Alisauskas, J. A. Schmutz, and J. E. Hines. 2013. Geographic variation in migration chronology and winter distribution of midcontinent greater white-fronted geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 77(6):1182-1191. doi:10.1002/jwmg.573 [Details] [Full Publication]

Eaton, M. J., J. Martin, J. D. Nichols, M. C. MacCluskie, J. A. Schmutz, B. L. Lubow, and M. C. Runge. 2013. Application of threshold concepts to ecological management problems: Occupancy of Golden Eagles in Denali National Park. In Geissler, P., Gross, J. , Guntenspergen, G. (eds.). Application of Threshold Concepts in Natural Resource Decision Making. Springer-Verlag, New York, Inc, NY, USA. [Details]

Haynes, T. B., A. E. Rosenberger, M. S. Lindberg, M. Whitman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2013. Method- and species-specific detection probabilities of fish occupancy in Arctic lakes: Implications for design and management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70(7):1055-1062. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2012-0527 [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, and M. R. Bertram. 2013. Multi-trophic resilience of boreal lake ecosystems to forest fires. Ecology 95(1253–1263). doi:10.1890/13-1170.1 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ramey, A. M., C. R. Ely, J. A. Schmutz, J. M. Pearce, and D. J. Heard. 2012. Molecular detection of hematozoa infections in tundra swans relative to migration patterns and ecological conditions at breeding grounds. PLoS One 7(9):e45789. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045789 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ravens, T. M., B. M. Jones, J. Zhang, C. D. Arp, and J. A. Schmutz. 2012. Process-based coastal erosion modeling for Drew Point, North Slope, Alaska. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering 138:122-130. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000106 [Details] [Full Publication]

Pearce, J. M., A. R. DeGange, P. L. Flint, T. F. Fondell, D. D. Gustine, L. E. Holland-Bartels, A. G. Hope, J. W. Hupp, J. C. Koch, J. A. Schmutz, S. L. Talbot, D. H. Ward, and M. E. Whalen. 2012. Changing Arctic Ecosystems - Measuring and forecasting the response of Alaska's terrestrial ecosystem to a warming climate. USGS Fact Sheet 2012-3144, 4 p. [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, D. V. Derksen, J. A. Schmutz, B. Taylor, E. J. Taylor, K. S. Bollinger. 2011. Using body mass dynamics to examine long-term habitat shifts of arctic-molting geese: Evidence for ecological change. Polar Biology 34:1751-1762. doi:10.1007/s00300-011-1025-y [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, D. V. Derksen, and J. A. Schmutz. 2011. Fine scale movements and habitat use of Black Brant during the flightless wing molt in Arctic Alaska. Waterbirds 34:177-185. [Details]

Arp, C. D., B. M. Jones, J. A. Schmutz, F. E. Urban, and M. T. Jorgenson. 2010. Two mechanisms of aquatic and terrestrial habitat change along an Alaskan arctic coastline. Polar Biology 33(12):1629-1640. doi:10.1007/s00300-010-0800-5 [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, J. A. Schmutz, and D. V. Derksen. 2010. Pre-moult patterns of habitat use and moult site selection by Brent Geese: Individuals prospect for moult sites. Ibis 152(3):556-568. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2010.01023.x [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, J. A. Schmutz, and D. V. Derksen. 2010. Temporal and spatial shifts in habitat use by Black Brant immediately following flightless molt. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 122:484-493. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 2009. Model-based predictions of the effects of harvest mortality on population size and trend of Yellow-billed Loons. USGS Open-File Report 2009-1040, 18 p. [Details] [Full Publication]

Jones, B. M., C. D. Arp, M. T. Jorgenson, K. M. Hinkel, J. A. Schmutz, and P. L. Flint. 2009. Increase in the rate and uniformity of coastline erosion in arctic Alaska. Geophysical Research Letters 36:L02503. doi:10.1029/2008GL036205 [Details] [Full Publication]

Jones, B. M., C. D. Arp, K. M. Hinkel, R. A. Beck, J. A. Schmutz, and B. Winston. 2009. Arctic lake physical processes and regimes with implications for winter water availability and management in the National Petroleum Reserve Alaska. Environmental Management 43(6):1071-1084. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., K. A. Trust, and A. C. Matz. 2009. Red-throated loons (Gavia stellata) breeding in Alaska, USA, are exposed to PCBs while on Asian wintering grounds. Environmental Pollution 157:2386-2393. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2009.03.020 [Details] [Full Publication]

Martin, J., C. L. McIntyre, J. E. Hines, J. D. Nichols, J. A. Schmutz, and M. C. MacCluskie. 2009. Dynamic multistate site occupancy models to evaluate hypotheses relevant to conservation of golden eagles in Denali National Park, Alaska. Biological Conservation 142:2726-2731. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2009.06.027 [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmidt, J. S., M. S. Lindberg, D. Johnson, and J. A. Schmutz. 2009. Environmental and human influences on Trumpeter Swan habitat occupancy in Alaska. Condor 111:266-275. doi:10.1525/cond.2009.080102 [Details] [Full Publication]

Franson, J. C., D. J. Hoffman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2009. Plasma biochemistry values in Emperor Geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: Comparisons among age, gender, incubation, and molt. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 40:321-327. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 2009. Stochastic variation in avian survival rates: Life-history predictions, population consequences, and the potential responses to human perturbations and climate change. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 3:441-461. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-78151-8_19 [Details] [Full Publication]

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, and C. R. Ely. 2008. The annual migration cycle of Emperor Geese in western Alaska. Arctic 61:23-34. [Details]

Flint, P. L., E. J. Mallek, R. J. King, J. A. Schmutz, K. S. Bollinger, and D. V. Derksen. 2008. Changes in abundance and spatial distribution of geese molting near Teshekpuk Lake, Alaska: Interspecific competition or ecological change?. Polar Biology 31:549-556. doi:10.1007/s00300-007-0386-8 [Details] [Full Publication]

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, and C. R. Ely. 2008. Seasonal survival of radiomarked Emperor Geese in western Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(7):1584-1595. [Details] [Full Publication]

Byrd, G. A., J. A. Schmutz, and H. M. Renner. 2008. Contrasting population trends of piscivorous seabirds in the Pribilof Islands: a 30-year perspective. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 55:1846-1855. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.04.004 [Details] [Full Publication]

Lake, B. C., J. A. Schmutz, M. S. Lindberg, C. R. Ely, W. D. Eldridge, and F. J. Broerman. 2008. Body mass of prefledgling Emperor Geese: Large scale effects of interspecific densities and food availability. Ibis 150:527-540. [Details]

Martin, K. H., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, and M. J. Bertram. 2008. Lesser Scaup breeding probability and female survival on the Yukon Flats, Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management 73:914-923. doi:10.2193/2007-587 [Details] [Full Publication]

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, C. R. Ely, E. E. Syroechkovskiy, Jr., A. V. Kondratyev, W. D. Eldridge, and E. Lappo. 2007. The moult migration of emperor geese Chen canagica between Alaska and Russia. Journal of Avian Biology 38:462-470. [Details]

Ball, J. R., D. Esler, and J. A. Schmutz. 2007. Proximate composition, energetic value, and relative abundance of prey fish from the inshore eastern Bering Sea: Implications for piscivorous predators. Polar Biology 30(30):699-708. [Details]

Harding, A. M. A., J. F. Piatt, J. A. Schmutz, M. T. Shultz, T. I. Van Pelt, A. B. Kettle, and S. G. Speckman. 2007. Prey density and the behavioral flexibility of a marine predator: The common murre (Uria aalge). Ecology 88(8):2024-2033. doi:10.1890/06-1695.1 [Details] [Full Publication]

Harding, A. M. A., J. F. Piatt, and J. A. Schmutz. 2007. Seabird behavior as an indicator of food supplies: Sensitivity across the breeding season. Marine Ecology Progress Series 352:269-274. doi:10.3354/meps07072 [Details] [Full Publication]

Rizzolo, D. J. and J. A. Schmutz. 2007. Egg floatation estimates nest age for Pacific and red-throated loons. Waterbirds 30:207-213. [Details]

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, and C. R. Ely. 2006. The prelaying interval of emperor geese on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Condor 108(4):912-924. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A., K. A. Hobson, and J. A. Morse. 2006. An isotopic assessment of proteim from diet and endogenous stores: Effects on egg production and incubation behavior of geese. Ardea 94:385-397. [Details]

Lake, B. C., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, R. M. Anthony, and F. J. Broerman. 2006. Using videography to quantify landscape-level availability of habitat for grazers: An example with Emperor Geese in Western Alaska. Arctic 59(3):252-260. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 2005. Emperor Goose Anser canagicus. Pages 293-297 in Kear, J., (ed.). Bird Families of the World: Ducks, Geese, and Swans. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. [Details]

Ward, D. H., J. A. Schmutz, J. S. Sedinger, K. S. Bollinger, P. D. Martin, and B. A. Anderson. 2004. Temporal and geographic variation in survival of juvenile Black Brant. Condor 106:263-274. [Details]

Golet, G. H., J. A. Schmutz, D. B. Irons, and J. A. Estes. 2004. Determinants of reproductive costs in the long-lived Black-legged Kittiwake: A multi-year experiment. Ecological Monographs 74(2):353-372. [Details]

Franson, J. C., D. J. Hoffman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2002. Blood selenium concertrations and enzyme activities related to glutathione metabolism in wild emperor geese. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 21:2179-2184. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. and K. K. Laing. 2002. Variation in foraging behavior and body mass in broods of emperor geese (Chen Canagica): evidence for interspecific density dependence. The Auk 119:996-1009. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 2002. Educational background and professional participation by federal biologists: relevance to statistical competence. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30:594-598. [Details] [Full Publication]

Manly, B. F. J. and J. A. Schmutz. 2001. Estimation of brood and nest survival: comparative methods in the presence of heterogeneity. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:258-270. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., B. F. J. Manly, and C. P. Dau. 2001. Effects of gull predation and weather on survival of emperor goose goslings. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:248-257. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 2001. Selection of habitats by emperor geese during brood rearing. Waterbirds 24:394-401. [Details]

Hupp, J. W., D. G. Robertson, and J. A. Schmutz. 2000. Recovery of tall cotton-grass following real and simulated feeding by snow geese. Ecography 23:367-373. [Details] [Full Publication]

Esler, D., J. A. Schmutz, R. L. Jarvis, and D. M. Mulcahy. 2000. Winter survival of adult female harlequin ducks in relation to history of contamination by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:839-847. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 2000. Survival and brood rearing ecology of emperor geese. Dissertation, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, USA. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. and J. A. Morse. 2000. Effects of neck collars and radio-transmitters on survival and reproduction of emperor geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:231-237. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 2000. Age-specific breeding in emperor geese. Wilson Bulletin 112:261-263. [Details] [Full Publication]

Franson, J. C., J. A. Schmutz, L. H. Creekmore, and A. C. Fowler. 1999. Concentrations of selenium, mercury, and lead in blood of emperor geese in western Alaska. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18(5):965-969. doi:10.1002/etc.5620180522 [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 1999. Emperor goose Anser canagicus. In J. Kear, (ed.). Bird families of the world: ducks, geese, and swans. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. and C. R. Ely. 1999. Survival of greater white-fronted geese: effects of year, season, sex, and body condition. Journal of Wildlife Management 63(4):1239-1249. [Details] [Full Publication]

Hollmén, T. E., J. C. Franson, L. H. Creekmore, J. A. Schmutz, and A. C. Fowler. 1998. Leucocytozoon simondi in emperor geese from the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in Alaska. Condor 100:402-404. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. and K. A. Hobson. 1998. Geographic, temporal, and age-specific variation in diets of Glaucous Gulls in western Alaska. Condor 100:119-130. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., R. F. Rockwell, and M. R. Petersen. 1997. Relative effects of survival and reproduction on the population dynamics of emperor geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 61:192-202. [Details] [Full Publication]

Rockwell, R. F., M. R. Petersen, and J. A. Schmutz. 1996. The Emperor Goose: An Annotated Bibliography. University of Alaska, Biological Papers No. 25, 71 p. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. and A. Kodratyev. 1995. Evidence of Emperor Geese breeding in Russia and staging in Alaska. The Auk 112(4):1037-1038. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., D. H. Ward, and et al. 1995. Survival estimation and the effects of dependency among animals. Journal of Applied Statistics 22(5&6):673-681. [Details]

Petersen, M. R., J. A. Schmutz, R. F. Rockwell, and F. Gill. 1994. Emperor goose (Chen canagica). No. 97 in A. Poole and F. Gill, (eds.). The Birds of North America, 19 p. , Philadelphia, PA, USA. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 1994. Age, Habitat and Tide Effects on Feeding Activity of Emperor Geese During Autumn Migration. Condor 96:46-51. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A., S. E. Cantor, and M. R. Petersen. 1994. Seasonal and annual survival of emperor geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 58:525-535. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 1993. Survival and pre-fledging body mass in juvenile emperor geese. Condor 95:222-225. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. and R. W. Hoffman. 1991. Variable first prebasic molt in Rio Grande and Merriam's wild turkeys. Wilson Bulletin 103:295-300. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. and G. C. White. 1990. Error in telemetry studies: effects of animal movement on triangulation. Journal of Wildlife Management 54:506-510. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., C. E. Braun, and W. F. Andelt. 1990. Brood habitat use of Rio Grande wild turkeys. Prairie Naturalist 22:177-184. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A., C. E. Braun, and W. F. Andelt. 1989. Nest habitat use of Rio Grande wild turkeys. Wilson Bulletin 101:591-598. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. and C. E. Braun. 1989. Reproductive performance of Rio Grande wild turkeys. Condor 91:675-680. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 1988. Ring-necked pheasant parasitism of wild turkey nests. Wilson Bulletin 100:508-509. [Details] [Full Publication]

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