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Alaska Science Center

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Joel A. Schmutz

Title: Research Wildlife Biologist
Address: 4210 University Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508-4626
Phone: (907) 786-7186
Fax: (907) 786-7021

Education and/or Training

Ph.D.2000University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AKBiology
M.S.1988Colorado State UniversityWildlife Biology
B.S.1985University of VermontWildlife and Fisheries Biology

Significant Recent Publications

Lemons, P. R., T. C. Marshall, S. E. McCloskey, S. A. Sethi, J. A. Schmutz, and J. S. Sedinger. 2014. A likelihood-based approach for assessment of extra-pair paternity and conspecific brood parasitism in natural populations. Molecular Ecology Resources, In Press, doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12287.

Ramey, A. M., J. A. Reed, J. A. Schmutz, T. F. Fondell, B. W. Meixell, J. W. Hupp, D. H. Ward, J. Terenzi, and C. R. Ely. 2014. Prevalence, transmission, and genetic diversity of blood parasites infecting tundra-nesting geese in Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology, In Press.

Haynes, T. B., A. E. Rosenberger, M. S. Lindberg, M. Whitman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2014. Patterns of lake occupancy by fish indicate different adaptations to life in a harsh Arctic environment. Freshwater Biology, In Press.

Haynes, T. B., J. A. Schmutz, M. S. Lindberg, K. G. Wright, B. D. Uher-Koch, and A. E. Rosenberger. 2014. Occupancy of Yellow-billed and Pacific loons: Evidence for interspecific competition and habitat mediated co-occurrence. Journal of Avian Biology. doi:10.1111/jav.00394

Christie, K. S., M. S. Lindberg, R. W. Ruess, and J. A. Schmutz. 2014. Spatio-temporal patterns of Ptarmigan occupancy relative to shrub cover in the Arctic. Polar Biology, In Press. doi: 10.1007/s00300-014-1504-z

Evers, D. C., J. A. Schmutz, N. Basu, C. R. DeSorbo, J. S. Fair, C. E. Gray, J. Paruk, M. Perkins, K. Regan, B. D. Uher-Koch, and K. G. Wright. 2014. Historic and contemporary mercury exposure and potential risk to Yellow-billed Loons breeding in Alaska and Canada. Waterbirds 37(sp1):147-159. doi: 10.1675/063.037.sp117

Haynes, T. B., J. A. Schmutz, M. S. Lindberg, and A. E. Rosenberger. 2014. Risk of predation and weather events affect nest site selection by sympatric Yellow-billed and Pacific loons in Arctic habitats. Waterbirds, 37(sp1):16-25. doi: 10.1675/063.037.sp104

Schmutz, J. A., K. G. Wright, C. R. DeSorbo, J. S. Fair, D. C. Evers, B. D. Uher-Koch, and D. M. Mulcahy. 2014. Size and retention of breeding territories of Yellow-billed Loons in Alaska and Canada. Waterbirds 37(sp1):53-63. doi: 10.1675/063.037.sp108

Schmutz, J. A. 2014. Survival of adult Red-throated Loons (Gavia stellata) may be linked to marine conditions. Waterbirds 37(sp1):118-124. doi: 10.1675/063.037.sp114

Lewis, T. L., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, and M. R. Bertram. 2013. Multi-trophic resilience of boreal lake ecosystems to forest fires. Ecology, doi: 10.1890/13-1170.1.

Eaton, M. J., J. Martin, J. D. Nichols, C. McIntyre, M. C. MacCluskie, J. A. Schmutz, B. L. Lubow, and M. C. Runge. 2013. Application of threshold concepts to ecological management problems: Occupancy of Golden Eagles in Denali National Park, in Application of Threshold Concepts in Natural Resource Decision Making. P. Geissler, J. Gross, G. Guntenspergen (eds.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heildeberg.

Haynes, T. B., A. E. Rosenberger, M. S. Lindberg, M. Whitman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2013. Method- and species-specific detection probabilities of fish occupancy in Arctic lakes: Implications for design and management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70(7):1055-1062. doi: 10.1139/cjfas-2012-0527

Ely, C. R., D. J. Neiman, R. T. Alisauskas, J. A. Schmutz, and J. E. Hines. 2013. Geographic variation in migration chronology and winter distribution of midcontinent Greater White-fronted geese. Journal of Wildlife Management doi: 10.1002/jwmg.573

Fondell, T. F., P. L. Flint, J. A. Schmutz, J. L. Schamber, and C. A. Nicolai. 2013. Variation in body mass dynamics among moult sites in Brant Geese Branta bernicla nigricans supports adaptivity of mass loss during moult. Ibis 155(3):593-604. doi: 10.1111/ibi.12056

Reeves, A. B., J. M. Pearce, A. M. Ramey, C. R. Ely, J. A. Schmutz, P. L. Flint, D. V. Derksen, H. S. Ip, and K. A. Trust. 2013. Genomic analysis of avian influenza viruses from waterfowl in Western Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 49(3):600-610. doi: 10.7589/2012-04-108

Ramey, A. M. J. P. Fleskes, J. A. Schmutz, and M. J. Yabsley. 2013. Evaluation of blood and muscle tissues for molecular detection and characterization of haematozoa infections in Northern Pintails (Anas acuta) wintering in California. International Journal of Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 2:102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.ijppaw.2013.02.001

Wilson, H. M., J. S. Hall, P. L. Flint, J. C. Franson, C. R. Ely, J. A. Schmutz, and M. D. Samuel. 2013. High seroprevalence of antibodies to avian influenza among wild waterfowl in Alaska: Implications for surveillance. PLoS One 8(3): e58308. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058308.

Ely, C. R., J. S. Hall, J. A. Schmutz, J. M. Pearce, J. Terenzi, J. S. Sedinger, and H. S. Ip. 2013. Evidence that life history characteristics of wild birds influence infection rates and exposure to influenza A viruses. PLoS One, 8(3): e57614. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057614

Pearce, J., T. DeGange, P. Flint, T. Fondell, D. Gustine, L. Holland-Bartels, A. Hope, J. Hupp, J. Koch, S. Talbot, D. Ward, and M. Whalen. 2012. Changing Arctic Ecosystems—Measuring and forecasting the response of Alaska's terrestrial ecosystem to a warming climate. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2012-3144, 4 p.

Ramey, A. M., C. R. Ely, J. A. Schmutz, J. M. Pearce, and D. J. Heard. 2012. Molecular detection of hematozoa infections in Tundra Swans relative to migration patterns and ecological conditions at breeding grounds. PLoS One 7:e45789. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045789

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, D. V. Derksen, J. A. Schmutz. 2011. Fine scale movements and habitat use of Black Brant during the flightless wing molt in Arctic Alaska. Waterbirds 34:177-185.

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, D. V. Derksen, J. A. Schmutz, E. J. Taylor, K. S. Bollinger. 2011. Using body mass dynamics to examine long-term habitat shifts of arctic-molting geese: Evidence for ecological change. Polar Biology 34:1751-1762.

Arp, C. D. B. M. Jones, J. A. Schmutz, F. E. Urban, and M. T. Jorgenson. 2010. Two mechanisms of aquatic and terrestrial habitat change along an Alaskan Arctic coastline. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, Polar Biology 33:1627-1640.

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, J. A. Schmutz, and D. V. Derksen. 2010. Pre-moult patterns of habitat use and moult site selection by Brent Geese: Individuals prospect for moult sites. Ibis 152(3):556-568. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.2010.01023.x

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, J. A. Schmutz, and D. V. Derksen. 2010. Temporal and spatial shifts in habitat use by Black Brant immediately following flightless molt. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 122:484-493. doi: 10.1676/09-114.1

Schmutz, J. A. 2009. Model-based predictions of the effects of harvest mortality on population size and trend of Yellow-billed Loons. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1040, 18 p.

Schmutz, J. A., K. A. Trust, and A. C. Matz. 2009. Red-throated loons (Gavia stellata) breeding in Alaska, USA, are exposed to PCBs while on Asian wintering grounds. Environmental Pollution 157:2386-2393. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2009.03.020

Martin, J., C. L. McIntyre, J. E. Hines, J. D. Nichols, J. A. Schmutz, and M. C. MacCluskie. 2009. Dynamic multistate site occupancy models to evaluate hypotheses relevant to conservation of golden eagles in Denali National Park, Alaska. Biological Conservation 142:2726-2731.

Schmidt, J. S., M. S. Lindberg, D. Johnson, and J. A. Schmutz. 2009. Environmental and human influences on Trumpeter Swan habitat occupancy in Alaska. Condor 111:266-275.

Franson, J. C., D. J. Hoffman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2009. Plasma biochemistry values in Emperor Geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: Comparisons among age, gender, incubation, and molt. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 40(2):321-327.

Jones, B. M., C. D. Arp, K. M. Hinkel, R. A. Beck, J. Schmutz, and B. Winston. 2009. Arctic lake physical processes and regimes with implications for winter water availability and management in the National Petroleum Reserve Alaska. Environmental Management. 43:1071-1084.

Jones B. M., C. D. Arp, M. T. Jorgenson, K. M. Hinkel, J. A. Schmutz, and P. L. Flint. 2009. Increase in the rate and uniformity of coastline erosion in Arctic Alaska. Geophysical Research Letters 36, L03503, doi:10.1029/2008GL036205.

Schmutz, J. A. 2009. Stochastic variation in avian survival rates: Life-history predictions, population consequences, and the potential responses to human perturbations and climate change. Environmental and Ecological Statistics. 3:441-461.

Byrd, G. A., J. A. Schmutz, and H. M. Renner. 2008. Contrasting population trends of piscivorous seabirds in the Pribilof Islands: a 30-year perspective. Deep-Sea Research, Part II. 55:1846-1855.

Flint, P. L., E. J. Mallek, R. J. King, J. A. Schmutz, K. S. Bollinger, and D. V. Derksen. 2008. Changes in abundance and spatial distribution of geese molting near Teshekpuk Lake, Alaska: Iinterspecific competition or ecological change? Polar Biology 31(5):549-556. doi: 10.1007/s00300-007-0386-8

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, and C. R. Ely. 2008. The annual migration cycle of Emperor Geese in western Alaska. Arctic 61(1):23-34.

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, and C. R. Ely. 2008. Seasonal survival of radiomarked Emperor Geese in western Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:1584-1595.

Lake, B. C., J. A. Schmutz, M. S. Lindberg, C. R. Ely, W. D. Eldrige, and F. J. Broerman. 2008. Body mass of prefledgling Emperor Geese: Large scale effects of interspecific densities and food availability. Ibis 150:527-540.

Jones, B. M., C. D. Arp, K. M. Hinkel, R. A. Beck, J. A. Schmutz, and B. Winston. 2008. Arctic lake physical processes and regimes and implications on winter water availability and management in the National Petroleum Reserve Alaska. Environmental Management.

Martin, K. H., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, and M. R. Bertram. 2008. Lesser Scaup breeding probability and female survival on the Yukon Flats, Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management. 73:914-923.

Ball, J. R., D. Esler, and J. A. Schmutz. 2007. Proximate composition, energetic value, and relative abundance of prey fish from the inshore eastern Bering Sea: Implications for piscivorous predators. Polar Biology 30:699-708.

Harding, A. M. A., J. F. Piatt, J. A. Schmutz. 2007. Seabird behavior as an indicator of food supplies: sensitivity across the breeding season. Marine Ecology Progress Series 352:269-274.

Harding, A. M. A., J. F. Piatt, J. A. Schmutz, M. T. Shultz, T. I. Van Pelt, A. B. Kettle, and S. G. Speckman. 2007. Prey density and the behaviorial flexibility of a marine predator: The Common Murre (Uria aalge). Ecology 88:2024-2033.

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, C. R. Ely, E. E. Syroechkovskiy Jr., A. V. Kondratyev, W. D. Eldridge, and E. Lappo. 2007. Moult migration of Emperor Geese, Chen canagica, between Alaska and Russia. Journal of Avian Biology 38:462-470.

Rizzolo, D. R., and J. A. Schmutz. 2007. Egg floatation estimates nest age for Pacific and Red-throated Loons. Waterbirds 30:207-213.

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, and C. R. Ely. 2006. The Prelaying Interval of Emperor Geese on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Condor 108(4):912-924.

Lake, B. C., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, R. M. Anthony, and F. J. Broerman. 2006. Using videography to quantify landscape-level availability of habitat for grazers: An example with Emperor Geese in western Alaska. Arctic 59(3):252-260.

Schmutz, J. A., K. A. Hobson, and J. A. Morse. 2006. An isotopic assessment of protein from diet and endogenous stores: Effects on egg production and incubation behavior of geese. Ardea 94:385-397.

Schmutz, J. A. 2005. Emperor Goose Anser canagicus. In J. Kear, editor. Bird Families of the World: Ducks, Geese, and Swans. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K. 293-297.

Golet, G. H., J. A. Schmutz , D. B. Irons, and J. A. Estes. 2004. Determinants of reproductive costs in the long-lived Black-legged Kittiwake: A multi-year experiment. Ecological Monographs 74(2): 353-372.

Ward, D. H, J. A. Schmutz , J. S. Sedinger, K. S. Bollinger, P. D. Martin, and B. Anderson. 2004. Temporal and geographic variation in juvenile survival of Pacific Black Brant. Condor 106: 263-274.

Franson, J. C., D. J. Hoffman, and J. A. Schmutz . 2002. Blood selenium concentrations and enzyme activities related to glutathione metabolism in wild Emperor Geese. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 21:2179-2184.

Schmutz, J. A ., and K. K. Laing. 2002. Variation in foraging behavior and body mass in broods of Emperor Geese (Chen canagica): Evidence for interspecific density dependence. Auk 119:996-1009. [PDF file - 718 kb]

Schmutz, J. A . 2002. Educational background and professional participation by federal wildlife biologists: Implications for science, management, and The Wildlife Society. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30:594-598. [PDF file - 4.3 mb]

Manly, B. F. J., and J. A. Schmutz. 2001. Estimation of brood and nest survival: comparative methods in the presence of heterogeneity. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:258-270. [PDF file - 829 kb]

Schmutz, J. A. 2001. Selection of habitats by Emperor Geese during brood rearing. Waterbirds 24:394-401.

Schmutz, J. A., B. F. Manly, and C. P. Dau. 2001. Effects of gull predation and weather on survival of Emperor Goose gooslings. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:248-257.

Esler, D., J. A. Schmutz, R. L. Jarvis, and D. M. Mulcahy. 2000. Winter survival of adult female Harlequin Ducks in relation to history of contamination by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:839-947. [PDF file - 1.1 mb]

Hupp, J. W., D. G. Robertson, and J. A. Schmutz. 2000. Recovery of tall cotton-grass following real and simulated feeding by Snow Geese. Ecography, 23:367-373. [PDF file - 4.6 mb]

Schmutz, J. A. 2000. Age-specific breeding in Emperor Geese. Wilson Bulletin 112: 261-263. [PDF file - 214 kb]

Schmutz. J. A. 2000. Survival and brood rearing ecology of Emperor Geese. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska.

Schmutz, J. A., and J. A. Morse. 2000. Effects of neck collars and radiotransmitters on survival and reproduction of Emperor Geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:231-237. [PDF file - 4.2 mb]

Franson, J. C., J. A. Schmutz, L. H. Creekmore, and A. C. Fowler. 1999. Concentrations of selenium, mercury, and lead in blood of Emperor Geese in western Alaska. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18:965-969. [PDF file - 3.4MB]

Schmutz, J. A., and C. R. Ely. 1999. Survival of Greater White-fronted Geese: effects of year, season, sex, and body condition. Journal of Wildlife Management 63:1239-1249. [PDF file - 2.7MB]

Hollmén, T. E., J. C. Franson, L. H. Creekmore, J. A. Schmutz, A. C. Fowler. 1998. Leucotyozoon simondi in Emperor Geese from the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in Alaska. Condor 100:402-404. [PDF file - 281 kb]

Schmutz, J. A., and K. A. Hobson. 1998. Geographic, temporal, and age-specific variation in diets of Glaucous Gulls in western Alaska. Condor 100:119-130. [PDF file - 916 kb]

Schmutz, J. A., R. F. Rockwell, and M. R. Petersen. 1997. Relative effects of survival and reproduction on the population dynamics of Emperor Geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 61:191-201. [PDF file - 1.4 mb]

Rockwell, R. F., M. R. Petersen, and J.A. Schmutz. 1996. The Emperor Goose: An annotated bibliography. Biological Papers of the University of Alaska. 71pp.

Schmutz, J. A., D. H. Ward, J. S. Sedinger, and E. A. Rexstad. 1995. Survival estimation and the effects of dependency among animals. Journal of Applied Statistics. 22:673-681.

Schmutz, J. A., and A. Y. Kondratyev. 1995. Evidence of Emperor Geese breeding in Russia and staging in Alaska. Auk 112:1037-1038. [PDF file - 190kb]

Petersen, M. R., J. A. Schmutz, and R. F. Rockwell. 1994. Emperor goose (Chen canagica). In: The birds of North America, no. 97 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds). Phila. Acad. of Natural Science; Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologists' Union.

Schmutz, J. A., S.E. Cantor, and M. R. Petersen. 1994. Seasonal and annual survival in Emperor Geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 58:525-535. [PDF file - 766 kb]

Schmutz, J. A. 1993. Survival and pre-fledging body mass in juvenile Emperor Geese. Condor 95:222-225. [PDF file - 293 kb]

Schmutz, J. A., and R. H. Hoffman. 1991. Variable first pre-basic molt in Rio Grande and Merriam's wild turkeys. Wilson Bulletin 103:295-300. [PDF file - 346 kb]

Schmutz, J. A., and G. C. White. 1990. Error in telemetry studies: Effects of animal movement on triangulation. Journal of Wildlife Management 54:506-510. [PDF file - 354 kb]

Schmutz, J. A., C. E. Braun, and W.F. Andelt. 1990. Brood habitat use of Rio Grande wild turkeys. Prairie Naturalist. 22:177-184.

Schmutz, J. A., C. E. Braun, and W.F. Andelt. 1989. Nest habitat use of Rio Grande wild turkeys. Wilson Bulletin 101:591-598. [PDF file - 415 kb]

Schmutz, J. A., and C. E. Braun. 1989. Reproductive performance of Rio Grande wild turkeys. Condor 91:675-680. [PDF file - 518 kb]

Schmutz, J. A. 1988. Ring-necked pheasant parasitism of wild turkey nests. Wilson Bulletin 100:508-509. [PDF file - 137 kb]

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