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Joel A. Schmutz

Title: Research Wildlife Biologist
Address: 4210 University Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508-4626
Phone: (907) 786-7186
Fax: (907) 786-7021

Education and/or Training

Ph.D.2000University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AKBiology
M.S.1988Colorado State UniversityWildlife Biology
B.S.1985University of VermontWildlife and Fisheries Biology


Total pubs: 86

Uher-Koch, B. D., D. Esler, R. D. Dickson, J. W. Hupp, J. R. Evenson, E. M. Anderson, J. Barrett, and J. A. Schmutz. In Press. Survival of Surf Scoters and White-Winged Scoters during remigial molt. Journal of Wildlife Management. doi:10.1002/jwmg.774 [Details] [Full Publication]

Uher-Koch, B. D., J. A. Schmutz, and K. G. Wright. 2015. Nest visits and capture events affect breeding success of Yellow-billed and Pacific Loons. Condor In Press. [Details]

Rizzolo, D. J., J. A. Schmutz, S. E. McCloskey, and T. F. Fondell. 2014. Factors influencing nest survival and productivity of red-throated loons (Gavia stellata) in Alaska. Condor 116(4):574-587. doi:10.1650/CONDOR-14-25.1 [Details] [Full Publication]

Haynes, T. B., J. A. Schmutz, M. S. Lindberg, K. G. Wright, B. D. Uher-Koch, and A. E. Rosenberger. 2014. Occupancy of Yellow-billed and Pacific loons: Evidence for interspecific competition and habitat mediated co-occurrence. Journal of Avian Biology 45(3):296-304. doi:10.1111/jav.00394 [Details] [Full Publication]

Christie, K. S., M. S. Lindberg, R. W. Ruess, and J. A. Schmutz. 2014. Spatio-temporal patterns of Ptarmigan occupancy relative to shrub cover in the Arctic. Polar Biology In Press. doi:10.1007/s00300-014-1504-z [Details] [Full Publication]

Evers, D. C., J. A. Schmutz, N. Basu, C. R. DeSorbo, J. S. Fair, C. E. Gray, J. Paruk, M. Perkins, K. Regan, B. D. Uher-Koch, and K. G. Wright. 2014. Historic and contemporary mercury exposure and potential risk to Yellow-billed Loons breeding in Alaska and Canada. Waterbirds 37(sp1):147-159. doi:10.1675/063.037.sp117 [Details] [Full Publication]

Haynes, T. B., J. A. Schmutz, M. S. Lindberg, and A. E. Rosenberger. 2014. Risk of predation and weather events affect nest site selection by sympatric Yellow-billed and Pacific loons in Arctic habitats. Waterbirds 37(sp1):16-25. doi:10.1675/063.037.sp104 [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., K. G. Wright, C. R. DeSorbo, J. S. Fair, D. C. Evers, B. D. Uher-Koch, and D. M. Mulcahy. 2014. Size and retention of breeding territories of yellow-billed loons in Alaska and Canada. Waterbirds 37(sp1):53-63. doi:10.1675/063.037.sp108 [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 2014. Survival of adult Red-throated Loons (Gavia stellata) may be linked to marine conditions. Waterbirds 37(sp1):118-124. doi:10.1675/063.037.sp114 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ramey, A. M., J. A. Reed, J. A. Schmutz, T. F. Fondell, B. W. Meixell, J. W. Hupp, D. H. Ward, J. Terenzi, and C. R. Ely. 2014. Prevalence, transmission, and genetic diversity of blood parasites infecting tundra-nesting geese in Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology 92(8):699-706. doi:10.1139/cjz-2014-0041 [Details] [Full Publication]

Haynes, T. B., A. E. Rosenberger, M. S. Lindberg, M. Whitman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2014. Patterns of lake occupancy by fish indicate different adaptations to life in a harsh Arctic environment. Freshwater Biology. doi:10.1111/fwb.12391 [Details] [Full Publication]

Lemons, P. R., T. C. Marshall, S. E. McCloskey, S. A. Sethi, J. A. Schmutz, and J. S. Sedinger. 2014. A likelihood-based approach for assessment of extra-pair paternity and conspecific brood parasitism in natural populations. Molecular Ecology Resources In Press. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12287 [Details] [Full Publication]

Tape, K. D., J. M. Pearce, D. Walworth, B. W. Meixell, T. F. Fondell, D. D. Gustine, P. L. Flint, J. W. Hupp, J. A. Schmutz, and D. H. Ward. 2014. Historical and contemporary imagery to assess ecosystem change on the Arctic coastal plain of northern Alaska. USGS Open-File Report 2014-1140, 22 p. doi:10.3133/ofr20141140 [Details] [Full Publication]

Uher-Koch, B. D., J. A. Schmutz, M. E. Whalen, and J. M. Pearce. 2014. Changing Arctic ecosystems - Ecology of loons in a changing Arctic. USGS Fact Sheet 2014–3093, 2 p. doi:10.3133/fs20143093 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ramey, A. M., J. P. Fleskes, J. A. Schmutz, and M. J. Yabsley. 2013. Evaluation of blood and muscle tissues for molecular detection and characterization of haematozoa infections in Northern Pintails (Anas acuta) wintering in California. . International Journal of Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 2:102-109. doi:10.1016/j.ijppaw.2013.02.001 [Details] [Full Publication]

Wilson, H. M., J. S. Hall, P. L. Flint, J. C. Franson, C. R. Ely, J. A. Schmutz, and M. D. Samuel. 2013. High seroprevalence of antibodies to avian influenza viruses among wild waterfowl in Alaska: Implications for surveillance. PLoS One 8(3):e58308. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058308 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ely, C. R., J. S. Hall, J. A. Schmutz, J. M. Pearce, and J. Terenzi. 2013. Evidence that life history characteristics of wild birds influence infection and exposure to Influenza A viruses. PLoS One 8(3):e57614. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057614 [Details] [Full Publication]

Fondell, T. F., P. L. Flint, J. A. Schmutz, J. L. Schamber, and C. A. Nicolai. 2013. Variation in body mass dynamics among sites in Black Brant Branta bernicla nigricans supports adaptivity of mass loss during moult. Ibis 155(3):593-604. doi:10.1111/ibi.12056 [Details] [Full Publication]

Reeves, A. B., J. M. Pearce, A. M. Ramey, C. R. Ely, J. A. Schmutz, P. L. Flint, D. V. Derksen, H. S. Ip, and K. A. Trust. 2013. Genomic analysis of avian influenza viruses from waterfowl in Western Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 49(3):600-610. doi:10.7589/2012-04-108 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ely, C. R., D. J. Neiman, R. T. Alisauskas, J. A. Schmutz, and J. E. Hines. 2013. Geographic variation in migration chronology and winter distribution of midcontinent greater white-fronted geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 77(6):1182-1191. doi:10.1002/jwmg.573 [Details] [Full Publication]

Eaton, M. J., J. Martin, J. D. Nichols, M. C. MacCluskie, J. A. Schmutz, B. L. Lubow, and M. C. Runge. 2013. Application of threshold concepts to ecological management problems: Occupancy of Golden Eagles in Denali National Park. In Geissler, P., Gross, J. , Guntenspergen, G. (eds.). Application of Threshold Concepts in Natural Resource Decision Making. Springer-Verlag, New York, Inc, NY, USA. [Details]

Haynes, T. B., A. E. Rosenberger, M. S. Lindberg, M. Whitman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2013. Method- and species-specific detection probabilities of fish occupancy in Arctic lakes: Implications for design and management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70(7):1055-1062. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2012-0527 [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, and M. R. Bertram. 2013. Multi-trophic resilience of boreal lake ecosystems to forest fires. Ecology 95(1253–1263). doi:10.1890/13-1170.1 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ramey, A. M., C. R. Ely, J. A. Schmutz, J. M. Pearce, and D. J. Heard. 2012. Molecular detection of hematozoa infections in tundra swans relative to migration patterns and ecological conditions at breeding grounds. PLoS One 7(9):e45789. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045789 [Details] [Full Publication]

Ravens, T. M., B. M. Jones, J. Zhang, C. D. Arp, and J. A. Schmutz. 2012. Process-based coastal erosion modeling for Drew Point, North Slope, Alaska. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering 138:122-130. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000106 [Details] [Full Publication]

Pearce, J. M., A. R. DeGange, P. L. Flint, T. F. Fondell, D. D. Gustine, L. E. Holland-Bartels, A. G. Hope, J. W. Hupp, J. C. Koch, J. A. Schmutz, S. L. Talbot, D. H. Ward, and M. E. Whalen. 2012. Changing Arctic Ecosystems - Measuring and forecasting the response of Alaska's terrestrial ecosystem to a warming climate. USGS Fact Sheet 2012-3144, 4 p. [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, D. V. Derksen, J. A. Schmutz, B. Taylor, E. J. Taylor, K. S. Bollinger. 2011. Using body mass dynamics to examine long-term habitat shifts of arctic-molting geese: Evidence for ecological change. Polar Biology 34:1751-1762. doi:10.1007/s00300-011-1025-y [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, D. V. Derksen, and J. A. Schmutz. 2011. Fine scale movements and habitat use of Black Brant during the flightless wing molt in Arctic Alaska. Waterbirds 34:177-185. [Details]

Arp, C. D., B. M. Jones, J. A. Schmutz, F. E. Urban, and M. T. Jorgenson. 2010. Two mechanisms of aquatic and terrestrial habitat change along an Alaskan arctic coastline. Polar Biology 33(12):1629-1640. doi:10.1007/s00300-010-0800-5 [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, J. A. Schmutz, and D. V. Derksen. 2010. Pre-moult patterns of habitat use and moult site selection by Brent Geese: Individuals prospect for moult sites. Ibis 152(3):556-568. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2010.01023.x [Details] [Full Publication]

Lewis, T. L., P. L. Flint, J. A. Schmutz, and D. V. Derksen. 2010. Temporal and spatial shifts in habitat use by Black Brant immediately following flightless molt. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 122:484-493. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 2009. Model-based predictions of the effects of harvest mortality on population size and trend of Yellow-billed Loons. USGS Open-File Report 2009-1040, 18 p. [Details] [Full Publication]

Jones, B. M., C. D. Arp, M. T. Jorgenson, K. M. Hinkel, J. A. Schmutz, and P. L. Flint. 2009. Increase in the rate and uniformity of coastline erosion in arctic Alaska. Geophysical Research Letters 36:L02503. doi:10.1029/2008GL036205 [Details] [Full Publication]

Jones, B. M., C. D. Arp, K. M. Hinkel, R. A. Beck, J. A. Schmutz, and B. Winston. 2009. Arctic lake physical processes and regimes with implications for winter water availability and management in the National Petroleum Reserve Alaska. Environmental Management 43(6):1071-1084. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., K. A. Trust, and A. C. Matz. 2009. Red-throated loons (Gavia stellata) breeding in Alaska, USA, are exposed to PCBs while on Asian wintering grounds. Environmental Pollution 157:2386-2393. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2009.03.020 [Details] [Full Publication]

Martin, J., C. L. McIntyre, J. E. Hines, J. D. Nichols, J. A. Schmutz, and M. C. MacCluskie. 2009. Dynamic multistate site occupancy models to evaluate hypotheses relevant to conservation of golden eagles in Denali National Park, Alaska. Biological Conservation 142:2726-2731. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2009.06.027 [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmidt, J. S., M. S. Lindberg, D. Johnson, and J. A. Schmutz. 2009. Environmental and human influences on Trumpeter Swan habitat occupancy in Alaska. Condor 111:266-275. doi:10.1525/cond.2009.080102 [Details] [Full Publication]

Franson, J. C., D. J. Hoffman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2009. Plasma biochemistry values in Emperor Geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: Comparisons among age, gender, incubation, and molt. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 40:321-327. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 2009. Stochastic variation in avian survival rates: Life-history predictions, population consequences, and the potential responses to human perturbations and climate change. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 3:441-461. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-78151-8_19 [Details] [Full Publication]

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, and C. R. Ely. 2008. The annual migration cycle of Emperor Geese in western Alaska. Arctic 61:23-34. [Details]

Flint, P. L., E. J. Mallek, R. J. King, J. A. Schmutz, K. S. Bollinger, and D. V. Derksen. 2008. Changes in abundance and spatial distribution of geese molting near Teshekpuk Lake, Alaska: Interspecific competition or ecological change?. Polar Biology 31:549-556. doi:10.1007/s00300-007-0386-8 [Details] [Full Publication]

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, and C. R. Ely. 2008. Seasonal survival of radiomarked Emperor Geese in western Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(7):1584-1595. [Details] [Full Publication]

Byrd, G. A., J. A. Schmutz, and H. M. Renner. 2008. Contrasting population trends of piscivorous seabirds in the Pribilof Islands: a 30-year perspective. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 55:1846-1855. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.04.004 [Details] [Full Publication]

Lake, B. C., J. A. Schmutz, M. S. Lindberg, C. R. Ely, W. D. Eldridge, and F. J. Broerman. 2008. Body mass of prefledgling Emperor Geese: Large scale effects of interspecific densities and food availability. Ibis 150:527-540. [Details]

Martin, K. H., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, and M. J. Bertram. 2008. Lesser Scaup breeding probability and female survival on the Yukon Flats, Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management 73:914-923. doi:10.2193/2007-587 [Details] [Full Publication]

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, C. R. Ely, E. E. Syroechkovskiy, Jr., A. V. Kondratyev, W. D. Eldridge, and E. Lappo. 2007. The moult migration of emperor geese Chen canagica between Alaska and Russia. Journal of Avian Biology 38:462-470. [Details]

Ball, J. R., D. Esler, and J. A. Schmutz. 2007. Proximate composition, energetic value, and relative abundance of prey fish from the inshore eastern Bering Sea: Implications for piscivorous predators. Polar Biology 30(30):699-708. [Details]

Harding, A. M. A., J. F. Piatt, J. A. Schmutz, M. T. Shultz, T. I. Van Pelt, A. B. Kettle, and S. G. Speckman. 2007. Prey density and the behavioral flexibility of a marine predator: The common murre (Uria aalge). Ecology 88(8):2024-2033. doi:10.1890/06-1695.1 [Details] [Full Publication]

Harding, A. M. A., J. F. Piatt, and J. A. Schmutz. 2007. Seabird behavior as an indicator of food supplies: Sensitivity across the breeding season. Marine Ecology Progress Series 352:269-274. doi:10.3354/meps07072 [Details] [Full Publication]

Rizzolo, D. J. and J. A. Schmutz. 2007. Egg floatation estimates nest age for Pacific and red-throated loons. Waterbirds 30:207-213. [Details]

Hupp, J. W., J. A. Schmutz, and C. R. Ely. 2006. The prelaying interval of emperor geese on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Condor 108(4):912-924. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A., K. A. Hobson, and J. A. Morse. 2006. An isotopic assessment of proteim from diet and endogenous stores: Effects on egg production and incubation behavior of geese. Ardea 94:385-397. [Details]

Lake, B. C., M. S. Lindberg, J. A. Schmutz, R. M. Anthony, and F. J. Broerman. 2006. Using videography to quantify landscape-level availability of habitat for grazers: An example with Emperor Geese in Western Alaska. Arctic 59(3):252-260. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 2005. Emperor Goose Anser canagicus. Pages 293-297 in Kear, J., (ed.). Bird Families of the World: Ducks, Geese, and Swans. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. [Details]

Ward, D. H., J. A. Schmutz, J. S. Sedinger, K. S. Bollinger, P. D. Martin, and B. A. Anderson. 2004. Temporal and geographic variation in survival of juvenile Black Brant. Condor 106:263-274. [Details]

Golet, G. H., J. A. Schmutz, D. B. Irons, and J. A. Estes. 2004. Determinants of reproductive costs in the long-lived Black-legged Kittiwake: A multi-year experiment. Ecological Monographs 74(2):353-372. [Details]

Franson, J. C., D. J. Hoffman, and J. A. Schmutz. 2002. Blood selenium concertrations and enzyme activities related to glutathione metabolism in wild emperor geese. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 21:2179-2184. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. and K. K. Laing. 2002. Variation in foraging behavior and body mass in broods of emperor geese (Chen Canagica): evidence for interspecific density dependence. The Auk 119:996-1009. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 2002. Educational background and professional participation by federal biologists: relevance to statistical competence. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30:594-598. [Details] [Full Publication]

Manly, B. F. J. and J. A. Schmutz. 2001. Estimation of brood and nest survival: comparative methods in the presence of heterogeneity. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:258-270. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., B. F. J. Manly, and C. P. Dau. 2001. Effects of gull predation and weather on survival of emperor goose goslings. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:248-257. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 2001. Selection of habitats by emperor geese during brood rearing. Waterbirds 24:394-401. [Details]

Hupp, J. W., D. G. Robertson, and J. A. Schmutz. 2000. Recovery of tall cotton-grass following real and simulated feeding by snow geese. Ecography 23:367-373. [Details] [Full Publication]

Esler, D., J. A. Schmutz, R. L. Jarvis, and D. M. Mulcahy. 2000. Winter survival of adult female harlequin ducks in relation to history of contamination by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:839-847. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 2000. Survival and brood rearing ecology of emperor geese. Dissertation, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, USA. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. and J. A. Morse. 2000. Effects of neck collars and radio-transmitters on survival and reproduction of emperor geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:231-237. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 2000. Age-specific breeding in emperor geese. Wilson Bulletin 112:261-263. [Details] [Full Publication]

Franson, J. C., J. A. Schmutz, L. H. Creekmore, and A. C. Fowler. 1999. Concentrations of selenium, mercury, and lead in blood of emperor geese in western Alaska. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18(5):965-969. doi:10.1002/etc.5620180522 [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 1999. Emperor goose Anser canagicus. In J. Kear, (ed.). Bird families of the world: ducks, geese, and swans. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. and C. R. Ely. 1999. Survival of greater white-fronted geese: effects of year, season, sex, and body condition. Journal of Wildlife Management 63(4):1239-1249. [Details] [Full Publication]

Hollmén, T. E., J. C. Franson, L. H. Creekmore, J. A. Schmutz, and A. C. Fowler. 1998. Leucocytozoon simondi in emperor geese from the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in Alaska. Condor 100:402-404. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. and K. A. Hobson. 1998. Geographic, temporal, and age-specific variation in diets of Glaucous Gulls in western Alaska. Condor 100:119-130. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., R. F. Rockwell, and M. R. Petersen. 1997. Relative effects of survival and reproduction on the population dynamics of emperor geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 61:192-202. [Details] [Full Publication]

Rockwell, R. F., M. R. Petersen, and J. A. Schmutz. 1996. The Emperor Goose: An Annotated Bibliography. University of Alaska, Biological Papers No. 25, 71 p. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. and A. Kodratyev. 1995. Evidence of Emperor Geese breeding in Russia and staging in Alaska. The Auk 112(4):1037-1038. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., D. H. Ward, and et al. 1995. Survival estimation and the effects of dependency among animals. Journal of Applied Statistics 22(5&6):673-681. [Details]

Petersen, M. R., J. A. Schmutz, R. F. Rockwell, and F. Gill. 1994. Emperor goose (Chen canagica). No. 97 in A. Poole and F. Gill, (eds.). The Birds of North America, 19 p. , Philadelphia, PA, USA. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A. 1994. Age, Habitat and Tide Effects on Feeding Activity of Emperor Geese During Autumn Migration. Condor 96:46-51. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A., S. E. Cantor, and M. R. Petersen. 1994. Seasonal and annual survival of emperor geese. Journal of Wildlife Management 58:525-535. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 1993. Survival and pre-fledging body mass in juvenile emperor geese. Condor 95:222-225. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. and R. W. Hoffman. 1991. Variable first prebasic molt in Rio Grande and Merriam's wild turkeys. Wilson Bulletin 103:295-300. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. and G. C. White. 1990. Error in telemetry studies: effects of animal movement on triangulation. Journal of Wildlife Management 54:506-510. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A., C. E. Braun, and W. F. Andelt. 1990. Brood habitat use of Rio Grande wild turkeys. Prairie Naturalist 22:177-184. [Details]

Schmutz, J. A., C. E. Braun, and W. F. Andelt. 1989. Nest habitat use of Rio Grande wild turkeys. Wilson Bulletin 101:591-598. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. and C. E. Braun. 1989. Reproductive performance of Rio Grande wild turkeys. Condor 91:675-680. [Details] [Full Publication]

Schmutz, J. A. 1988. Ring-necked pheasant parasitism of wild turkey nests. Wilson Bulletin 100:508-509. [Details] [Full Publication]

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