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Highlighted Publications

Last Update: 2015-08-31
Habitat use and foraging patterns of molting long-tailed ducks in lagoons of the central Beaufort Sea, Alaska [Details]
An experimental investigation of chemical communication in the polar bear [Details] [Full Publication]
Potential for real-time understanding of coupled hydrologic and biogeochemical processes in stream ecosystems: Future integration of telemetered data with process models for glacial meltwater streams [Details] [Full Publication]
USGS Arctic Science Strategy 2015-2020 [Details] [Full Publication]

Highlighted Data

Last Update: 2015-07-30
Laysan Teal (Anas laysanensis) Microsatellite DNA Data; Laysan Island 1999-2009, Midway Atoll 2007-2010
The geographically closed, non-migratory populations of endangered Laysan Teal (Anas laysanensis) were sampled in the wild. This species was once widespread across the Hawaiian archipelago, but became isolated on Laysan Island (415 ha) from the mid-1800s until 2004 when a translocation to Midway Atoll (596 ha) was undertaken to reduce extinction risks. We compared genetic diversity and quantified variation at microsatellite loci sampled from 229 individuals from the wild populations at Laysan Island (1999–2009) and Midway Atoll (2007–2010; n = 133 Laysan, n = 96 Midway birds). We identified polymorphic markers by screening nuclear microsatellites (N = 83). Low nuclear variation was detected, consistent with the species’ insular isolation and historical bottleneck. Six of 83 microsatellites were polymorphic.

Assessing the robustness of quantitative fatty acid signature analysis to assumption violations (Supplementary data)
This dataset contains fatty acid (FA) data expressed as mass percent of total FA for bearded seals, ringed seals and walrus. This is one of many datasets used in Bromaghin et al., In press, Assessing the robustness of quantitative fatty acid signature analysis to assumption violations, Methods in Ecology and Evolution. These supplemental data were used in computer simulations to compare the bias of several quantitative fatty acid signature analysis (QFASA) estimators and develop recommendations regarding estimator selection.

North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database 2.0 (NPPSD)
The North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database (NPPSD) was created in 2005 to consolidate data on the oceanic distribution of marine bird species in the North Pacific. Most of these data were collected on surveys by counting species within defined areas and at known locations (that is, on strip transects). The NPPSD also contains observations of other bird species and marine mammals. The original NPPSD combined data from 465 surveys conducted between 1973 and 2002, primarily in waters adjacent to Alaska. These surveys included 61,195 sample transects with location, environment, and metadata information, and the data were organized in a flat-file format. In developing NPPSD 2.0, our goals were to add new datasets, to make significant improvements to database functionality and to provide the database online. NPPSD 2.0 includes data from a broader geographic range within the North Pacific, including new observations made offshore of the Russian Federation, Japan, Korea, British Columbia (Canada), Oregon, and California. These data were imported into a relational database, proofed, and structured in a common format. NPPSD 2.0 contains 351,674 samples (transects) collected between 1973 and 2012, representing a total sampled area of 270,259 square kilometers, and extends the time series of samples in some areas—notably the Bering Sea—to four decades. It contains observations of 16,988,138 birds and 235,545 marine mammals and is available from https://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7WQ01T3. Supplementary materials include an updated set of standardized taxonomic codes, reference maps that show the spatial and temporal distribution of the survey efforts and a query tool.


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slope in the Susitna Basin - photo by Jamey Jones, USGS

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